flow_images_from_dataframe: Takes the dataframe and the path to a directory and generates...

Description Usage Arguments Details Yields Note See Also

View source: R/preprocessing.R

Description

Takes the dataframe and the path to a directory and generates batches of augmented/normalized data.

Usage

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flow_images_from_dataframe(dataframe, directory = NULL,
  x_col = "filename", y_col = "class",
  generator = image_data_generator(), target_size = c(256, 256),
  color_mode = "rgb", classes = NULL, class_mode = "categorical",
  batch_size = 32, shuffle = TRUE, seed = NULL, save_to_dir = NULL,
  save_prefix = "", save_format = "png", subset = NULL,
  interpolation = "nearest", drop_duplicates = TRUE)

Arguments

dataframe

data.frame containing the filepaths relative to directory (or absolute paths if directory is NULL) of the images in a character column. It should include other column/s depending on the class_mode:

  • if class_mode is "categorical" (default value) it must include the y_col column with the class/es of each image. Values in column can be character/list if a single class or list if multiple classes.

  • if class_mode is "binary" or "sparse" it must include the given y_col column with class values as strings.

  • if class_mode is "other" it should contain the columns specified in y_col.

  • if class_mode is "input" or NULL no extra column is needed.

directory

character, path to the directory to read images from. If NULL, data in x_col column should be absolute paths.

x_col

character, column in dataframe that contains the filenames (or absolute paths if directory is NULL).

y_col

string or list, column/s in dataframe that has the target data.

generator

Image data generator to use for augmenting/normalizing image data.

target_size

Either NULL (default to original size) or integer vector (img_height, img_width).

color_mode

one of "grayscale", "rgb". Default: "rgb". Whether the images will be converted to have 1 or 3 color channels.

classes

optional list of classes (e.g. c('dogs', 'cats'). Default: NULL If not provided, the list of classes will be automatically inferred from the y_col, which will map to the label indices, will be alphanumeric). The dictionary containing the mapping from class names to class indices can be obtained via the attribute class_indices.

class_mode

one of "categorical", "binary", "sparse", "input", "other" or None. Default: "categorical". Mode for yielding the targets:

  • "binary": 1D array of binary labels,

  • "categorical": 2D array of one-hot encoded labels. Supports multi-label output.

  • "sparse": 1D array of integer labels,

  • "input": images identical to input images (mainly used to work with autoencoders),

  • "other": array of y_col data, NULL, no targets are returned (the generator will only yield batches of image data, which is useful to use in predict_generator()).

batch_size

int (default: 32).

shuffle

boolean (defaut: TRUE).

seed

int (default: NULL).

save_to_dir

NULL or str (default: NULL). This allows you to optionally specify a directory to which to save the augmented pictures being generated (useful for visualizing what you are doing).

save_prefix

str (default: ”). Prefix to use for filenames of saved pictures (only relevant if save_to_dir is set).

save_format

one of "png", "jpeg" (only relevant if save_to_dir is set). Default: "png".

subset

Subset of data ("training" or "validation") if validation_split is set in image_data_generator().

interpolation

Interpolation method used to resample the image if the target size is different from that of the loaded image. Supported methods are "nearest", "bilinear", and "bicubic". If PIL version 1.1.3 or newer is installed, "lanczos" is also supported. If PIL version 3.4.0 or newer is installed, "box" and "hamming" are also supported. By default, "nearest" is used.

drop_duplicates

Boolean, whether to drop duplicate rows based on filename.

Details

Yields batches indefinitely, in an infinite loop.

Yields

(x, y) where x is an array of image data and y is a array of corresponding labels. The generator loops indefinitely.

Note

This functions requires that pandas (python module) is installed in the same environment as tensorflow and keras.

If you are using r-tensorflow (the default environment) you can install pandas by running reticulate::virtualenv_install("pandas", envname = "r-tensorflow") or reticulate::conda_install("pandas", envname = "r-tensorflow") depending on the kind of environment you are using.

See Also

Other image preprocessing: fit_image_data_generator, flow_images_from_data, flow_images_from_directory, image_load, image_to_array


keras documentation built on Oct. 9, 2019, 1:04 a.m.