# Fuzzy Rule-Based Ensemble (FRBE) of time-series forecasts

### Description

This function computes the fuzzy rule-based ensemble of time-series forecasts. Several forecasting methods are used to predict future values of given time-series and a weighted sum is computed from them with weights being determined from a fuzzy rule base.

### Usage

1 2 | ```
frbe(d,
h=10)
``` |

### Arguments

`d` |
A source time-series in the ts time-series format. Note that the frequency of the time-series must to be set properly. |

`h` |
A forecasting horizon, i.e. the number of values to forecast. |

### Details

This function computes the fuzzy rule-based ensemble of time-series forecasts. The evaluation comprises of the following steps:

Several features are extracted from the given time-series

`d`

:length of the time-series

strength of trend

strength of seasonality

skewness

kurtosis

variation coefficient

stationarity

frequency

These features are used later to infer weights of the forecasting methods.

Several forecasting methods are applied on the given time-series

`d`

to obtain forecasts. Actually, the following methods are used:ARIMA - by calling

`auto.arima`

of the`forecast`

packageExponential Smoothing - by calling

`ets`

of the`forecast`

packageRandom Walk with Drift - by calling

`rwf`

of the`forecast`

packageTheta - by calling

`thetaf`

of the`forecast`

package

Computed features are input to the fuzzy rule-based inference mechanism which yields into weights of the forecasting methods. The fuzzy rule base is hardwired in this package and it was obtained by performing data mining with the use of the

`farules`

function.A weighted sum of forecasts is computed and returned as a result.

### Value

Result is a list of class `frbe`

with the following elements:

`features`

- a data frame with computed features of the given time-series;`forecasts`

- a data frame with forecasts to be ensembled;`weights`

- weights of the forecasting methods as inferred from the features and the hard-wired fuzzy rule base;`mean`

- the resulting ensembled forecast (computed as a weighted sum of forecasts).

### Author(s)

Michal Burda

### References

Štěpnička, M., Burda, M., Štěpničková, L. Fuzzy Rule Base Ensemble Generated from Data by Linguistic Associations Mining. FUZZY SET SYST. 2015.

### See Also

`evalfrbe`

### Examples

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 | ```
# prepare data (from the forecast package)
library(forecast)
horizon <- 10
train <- wineind[-1 * (length(wineind)-horizon+1):length(wineind)]
test <- wineind[(length(wineind)-horizon+1):length(wineind)]
# perform FRBE
f <- frbe(ts(train, frequency=frequency(wineind)), h=horizon)
# evaluate FRBE forecasts
evalfrbe(f, test)
# display forecast results
f$mean
``` |