perceive: From a set of rules, remove each rule for which another rule...

View source: R/perceive.R

perceiveR Documentation

From a set of rules, remove each rule for which another rule exists that is more specific.


Examine rules in a list and remove all of them for whose other more specific rules are present in the list. The specificity is determined by calling the is.specific() function. This operation is a part of the pbld() inference mechanism.


  type = c("global", "local"),
  fired = NULL,
  vars = NULL,
  specs = NULL



A list of character vectors where each element is a fuzzy set name (a predicate) and thus each such vector forms a rule.


A valid instance of the fsets() class such that all predicates in rules (i.e., all values of all character vectors in rules$rules) can be found in colnames(fsets)


The type of perception to use. It can be either "local" or "global" (default).


If type=="global" then this argument can be NULL. If type is "local" then fired must be a numeric vector of values in the interval [0,1] indicating the truth values of all rules, i.e. the length of the vector must be equal to the number of rules in the rules argument.


A deprecated parameter that must be NULL. Formerly, it was a named (typically character) vector that determined which predicates originate from the same variable, i.e. which of them semantically deal with the same property. For that purpose, each value from any vector stored in the rules list must be present in names(vars). See also vars() function of the fsets() class.


A deprecated parameter that must be NULL. Formerly, it was a square numeric matrix containing values from \{0, 1\}. It is a specificity matrix for which each row and column corresponds to an rules'es predicate specs[i][j] = 1 if and only if the i-th predicate is more specific (i.e. the corresponding fuzzy set is a subset of) than the j-th predicate (i.e. x[, j]). See also specs() function of the fsets() class.


In other words, for each rule x in the rules list, it searches for another rule y such that is.specific(y, x) returns TRUE. If yes then x is removed from the list.


A modified list of rules for which no other more specific rule exists. (Each rule is a vector.)


Michal Burda

See Also

is.specific(), fsets(), fcut(), lcut()


# prepare fsets
f <- lcut(data.frame(a=0:1, b=0:1, c=0:1, d=0:1))

# run perceive function: (sm.a, bi.c) has
# more specific rule (, bi.c)
perceive(list(c('sm.a', 'bi.c'),
              c('', 'bi.c'),
              c('sm.b', 'sm.d')),

lfl documentation built on Sept. 8, 2022, 5:08 p.m.