p_value_satterthwaite: Satterthwaite approximation for SEs, CIs and p-values

Description Usage Arguments Details Value References See Also Examples

View source: R/p_value_satterthwaite.R

Description

An approximate F-test based on the Satterthwaite (1946) approach.

Usage

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Arguments

model

A statistical model.

ci

Confidence Interval (CI) level. Default to 0.95 (95%).

dof

Degrees of Freedom.

Details

Inferential statistics (like p-values, confidence intervals and standard errors) may be biased in mixed models when the number of clusters is small (even if the sample size of level-1 units is high). In such cases it is recommended to approximate a more accurate number of degrees of freedom for such inferential statitics. Unlike simpler approximation heuristics like the "m-l-1" rule (dof_ml1), the Satterthwaite approximation is also applicable in more complex multilevel designs. However, the "m-l-1" heuristic also applies to generalized mixed models, while approaches like Kenward-Roger or Satterthwaite are limited to linear mixed models only.

Value

A data frame.

References

Satterthwaite FE (1946) An approximate distribution of estimates of variance components. Biometrics Bulletin 2 (6):110–4.

See Also

dof_satterthwaite() and se_satterthwaite() are small helper-functions to calculate approximated degrees of freedom and standard errors for model parameters, based on the Satterthwaite (1946) approach.

dof_kenward() and dof_ml1() approximate degrees of freedom based on Kenward-Roger's method or the "m-l-1" rule.

Examples

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if (require("lme4", quietly = TRUE)) {
  model <- lmer(Petal.Length ~ Sepal.Length + (1 | Species), data = iris)
  p_value_satterthwaite(model)
}

parameters documentation built on Oct. 19, 2021, 1:07 a.m.