extractPAAC: Pseudo Amino Acid Composition (PseAAC) Descriptor

View source: R/desc-13-PAAC.R

extractPAACR Documentation

Pseudo Amino Acid Composition (PseAAC) Descriptor


This function calculates the Pseudo Amino Acid Composition (PseAAC) descriptor (dim: 20 + lambda, default is 50).


  props = c("Hydrophobicity", "Hydrophilicity", "SideChainMass"),
  lambda = 30,
  w = 0.05,
  customprops = NULL



A character vector, as the input protein sequence.


A character vector, specifying the properties used. 3 properties are used by default, as listed below:


Hydrophobicity value of the 20 amino acids


Hydrophilicity value of the 20 amino acids


Side-chain mass of the 20 amino acids


The lambda parameter for the PseAAC descriptors, default is 30.


The weighting factor, default is 0.05.


A n x 21 named data frame contains n customized property. Each row contains one property. The column order for different amino acid types is 'AccNo', 'A', 'R', 'N', 'D', 'C', 'E', 'Q', 'G', 'H', 'I', 'L', 'K', 'M', 'F', 'P', 'S', 'T', 'W', 'Y', 'V', and the columns should also be exactly named like this. The AccNo column contains the properties' names. Then users should explicitly specify these properties with these names in the argument props. See the examples below for a demonstration. The default value for customprops is NULL.


A length 20 + lambda named vector


Note the default 20 * 3 prop values have already been independently given in the function. Users can also specify other (up to 544) properties with the Accession Number in the AAindex data, with or without the default three properties, which means users should explicitly specify the properties to use. For this descriptor type, users need to intelligently evaluate the underlying details of the descriptors provided, instead of using this function with their data blindly. It would be wise to use some negative and positive control comparisons where relevant to help guide interpretation of the results.


Nan Xiao <https://nanx.me>


Kuo-Chen Chou. Prediction of Protein Cellular Attributes Using Pseudo-Amino Acid Composition. PROTEINS: Structure, Function, and Genetics, 2001, 43: 246-255.

Kuo-Chen Chou. Using Amphiphilic Pseudo Amino Acid Composition to Predict Enzyme Subfamily Classes. Bioinformatics, 2005, 21, 10-19.

JACS, 1962, 84: 4240-4246. (C. Tanford). (The hydrophobicity data)

PNAS, 1981, 78:3824-3828 (T.P.Hopp & K.R.Woods). (The hydrophilicity data)

CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 66th ed., CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida (1985). (The side-chain mass data)

R.M.C. Dawson, D.C. Elliott, W.H. Elliott, K.M. Jones, Data for Biochemical Research 3rd ed., Clarendon Press Oxford (1986). (The side-chain mass data)

See Also

See extractAPAAC for amphiphilic pseudo amino acid composition descriptor.


x <- readFASTA(system.file("protseq/P00750.fasta", package = "protr"))[[1]]

myprops <- data.frame(
  AccNo = c("MyProp1", "MyProp2", "MyProp3"),
  A = c(0.62, -0.5, 15), R = c(-2.53, 3, 101),
  N = c(-0.78, 0.2, 58), D = c(-0.9, 3, 59),
  C = c(0.29, -1, 47), E = c(-0.74, 3, 73),
  Q = c(-0.85, 0.2, 72), G = c(0.48, 0, 1),
  H = c(-0.4, -0.5, 82), I = c(1.38, -1.8, 57),
  L = c(1.06, -1.8, 57), K = c(-1.5, 3, 73),
  M = c(0.64, -1.3, 75), F = c(1.19, -2.5, 91),
  P = c(0.12, 0, 42), S = c(-0.18, 0.3, 31),
  T = c(-0.05, -0.4, 45), W = c(0.81, -3.4, 130),
  Y = c(0.26, -2.3, 107), V = c(1.08, -1.5, 43)

# use 3 default properties, 4 properties from the
# AAindex database, and 3 cutomized properties
  customprops = myprops,
  props = c(
    "Hydrophobicity", "Hydrophilicity", "SideChainMass",
    "CIDH920105", "BHAR880101",
    "CHAM820101", "CHAM820102",
    "MyProp1", "MyProp2", "MyProp3"

protr documentation built on Nov. 2, 2023, 6:04 p.m.