dataFigure4: Data for Figure 4

dataFigure4R Documentation

Data for Figure 4

Description

The data, inspired from \insertCitec17superb, shows an example where the "stand-alone" 95\ a result in contradiction with the result of a statistical test. The paradoxical result is resolved by using adjusted confidence intervals, here the population size-adjusted confidence interval.

Usage

data(dataFigure4)

Format

An object of class data.frame.

Source

\Sexpr[results=rd]{tools:::Rd_expr_doi("10.5709/acp-0214-z")}

References

\insertAllCited

Examples

library(ggplot2)
library(gridExtra)
data(dataFigure4)

options(superb.feedback = 'none') # shut down 'warnings' and 'design' interpretation messages

## realize the plot with unadjusted (left) and ajusted (right) 95% confidence intervals
plt4a = superbPlot(dataFigure4, BSFactors = "group", 
    adjustments=list(purpose = "single", popSize = Inf), 
    variables = c("score"), plotStyle="bar" ) + 
  xlab("Group") + ylab("Score") + labs(title="Difference-adjusted 95% CI\n") +
  coord_cartesian( ylim = c(85,115) ) +
  geom_hline(yintercept = 100, colour = "black", linewidth = 0.5, linetype=2)
plt4b = superbPlot(dataFigure4, BSFactors = "group",
    adjustments=list(purpose = "single", popSize = 50 ), 
    variables = c("score"), plotStyle="bar" ) + 
  xlab("Group") + ylab("Score") + labs(title="Population size and difference-\nadjusted 95% CI") +
  coord_cartesian( ylim = c(85,115) ) + 
  geom_hline(yintercept = 100, colour = "black", linewidth = 0.5, linetype=2)
plt4 = grid.arrange(plt4a,plt4b,ncol=2)

## realise the correct t-test to see the discrepancy
res = t.test(dataFigure4$score, mu=100)
tcorr = res$statistic /sqrt(1-25/50)
pcorr = 1-pt(tcorr,24)
c(tcorr, pcorr)



superb documentation built on May 29, 2024, 8:51 a.m.