vec_names: Get or set the names of a vector

View source: R/names.R

vec_namesR Documentation

Get or set the names of a vector


These functions work like rlang::names2(), names() and names<-(), except that they return or modify the the rowwise names of the vector. These are:

  • The usual names() for atomic vectors and lists

  • The row names for data frames and matrices

  • The names of the first dimension for arrays Rowwise names are size consistent: the length of the names always equals vec_size().

vec_names2() returns the repaired names from a vector, even if it is unnamed. See vec_as_names() for details on name repair.

vec_names() is a bare-bones version that returns NULL if the vector is unnamed.

vec_set_names() sets the names or removes them.


  repair = c("minimal", "unique", "universal", "check_unique", "unique_quiet",
  quiet = FALSE


vec_set_names(x, names)



A vector with names


These dots are for future extensions and must be empty.


Either a string or a function. If a string, it must be one of "check_unique", "minimal", "unique", "universal", "unique_quiet", or "universal_quiet". If a function, it is invoked with a vector of minimal names and must return minimal names, otherwise an error is thrown.

  • Minimal names are never NULL or NA. When an element doesn't have a name, its minimal name is an empty string.

  • Unique names are unique. A suffix is appended to duplicate names to make them unique.

  • Universal names are unique and syntactic, meaning that you can safely use the names as variables without causing a syntax error.

The "check_unique" option doesn't perform any name repair. Instead, an error is raised if the names don't suit the "unique" criteria.

The options "unique_quiet" and "universal_quiet" are here to help the user who calls this function indirectly, via another function which exposes repair but not quiet. Specifying repair = "unique_quiet" is like specifying ⁠repair = "unique", quiet = TRUE⁠. When the "*_quiet" options are used, any setting of quiet is silently overridden.


By default, the user is informed of any renaming caused by repairing the names. This only concerns unique and universal repairing. Set quiet to TRUE to silence the messages.

Users can silence the name repair messages by setting the "rlib_name_repair_verbosity" global option to "quiet".


A character vector, or NULL.


vec_names2() returns the names of x, repaired. vec_names() returns the names of x or NULL if unnamed. vec_set_names() returns x with names updated.


vec_names2(1:3, repair = "unique")
vec_names2(c(a = 1, b = 2))

# `vec_names()` consistently returns the rowwise names of data frames and arrays:
vec_names(data.frame(a = 1, b = 2))
names(data.frame(a = 1, b = 2))

vec_set_names(1:3, letters[1:3])
vec_set_names(data.frame(a = 1:3), letters[1:3])

vctrs documentation built on May 29, 2024, 11:39 a.m.