R/defer.R

Defines functions deferred_clear deferred_run defer_parent defer

Documented in defer defer_parent deferred_clear deferred_run

#' @include compat-defer.R
NULL

defer_ns <- environment(defer)

#' Defer Evaluation of an Expression
#'
#' Similar to [on.exit()], but allows one to attach
#' an expression to be evaluated when exiting any frame currently
#' on the stack. This provides a nice mechanism for scoping side
#' effects for the duration of a function's execution.
#'
#' @param expr `[expression]`\cr An expression to be evaluated.
#' @param envir `[environment]`\cr Attach exit handlers to this environment.
#'   Typically, this should be either the current environment or
#'   a parent frame (accessed through [parent.frame()]).
#' @param priority `[character(1)]`\cr Specify whether this handler should
#' be executed `"first"` or `"last"`, relative to any other
#' registered handlers on this environment.
#'
#' @details
#'
#' `defer()` works by attaching handlers to the requested environment (as an
#' attribute called `"handlers"`), and registering an exit handler that
#' executes the registered handler when the function associated with the
#' requested environment finishes execution.
#'
#' Deferred events can be set on the global environment, primarily to facilitate
#' the interactive development of code that is intended to be executed inside a
#' function or test. A message alerts the user to the fact that an explicit
#' `deferred_run()` is the only way to trigger these deferred events. Use
#' `deferred_clear()` to clear them without evaluation. The global environment
#' scenario is the main motivation for these functions.
#'
#' @family local-related functions
#' @export
#' @examples
#' # define a 'local' function that creates a file, and
#' # removes it when the parent function has finished executing
#' local_file <- function(path) {
#'   file.create(path)
#'   defer_parent(unlink(path))
#' }
#'
#' # create tempfile path
#' path <- tempfile()
#'
#' # use 'local_file' in a function
#' local({
#'   local_file(path)
#'   stopifnot(file.exists(path))
#' })
#'
#' # file is deleted as we leave 'local' local
#' stopifnot(!file.exists(path))
#'
#' # investigate how 'defer' modifies the
#' # executing function's environment
#' local({
#'   local_file(path)
#'   print(attributes(environment()))
#' })
#'
#' # defer and trigger events on the global environment
#' defer(print("one"))
#' defer(print("two"))
#' deferred_run()
#'
#' defer(print("three"))
#' deferred_clear()
#' deferred_run()
defer <- function(expr, envir = parent.frame(), priority = c("first", "last")) NULL

#' @rdname defer
#' @export
defer_parent <- function(expr, priority = c("first", "last")) {
  eval(substitute(
    defer(expr, envir, priority),
    list(expr = substitute(expr), envir = parent.frame(2), priority = priority, defer = defer)
  ), envir = parent.frame())
}

#' @rdname defer
#' @export
deferred_run <- function(envir = parent.frame()) {
  execute_handlers(envir)
  deferred_clear(envir)
}

#' @rdname defer
#' @export
deferred_clear <- function(envir = parent.frame()) {
  attr(envir, "withr_handlers") <- NULL
  invisible()
}

# Splice `compat-defer.R` into the namespace
for (name in names(defer_ns)) {
  assign(name, defer_ns[[name]])
}

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withr documentation built on March 18, 2022, 7:47 p.m.