R/Hypothesis.R

Defines functions makeContrasts2 escapeSymbols listType generateHypothesis makeContrastMatrixFromCoefficientHypothesis callName

callName <- function(n=1){
    sc <- sys.calls()
    cl <- deparse(sc[[length(sc)-n]])
    str_replace(cl, '([^()]+)\\(.*', '\\1')
}

##' Describe a linear model hypothesis to be tested
##'
##' A \code{Hypothesis} can be any linear combination of coefficients, compared to zero.  Specify it as a character vector that can be parsed to yield the desired equalities ala \code{makeContrasts}.
##' A \code{CoefficientHypothesis} is a hypothesis for which terms are singly or jointly tested to be zero (generally the case in a t-test or F-test), by dropping coefficients from the model.
##' @param hypothesis a character vector specifying a hypothesis, following makeContrasts, or a character vector naming coefficients to be dropped.
##' @param terms an optional character vector giving the terms (column names from the \code{model.matrix}) out of which the contrasts will be contrasted.  If missing then most functions will attempt to fill this in for you at run time.
##' @return a Hypothesis with a "transformed" component
##' @export Hypothesis
##' @export CoefficientHypothesis
##' @aliases Hypothesis CoefficientHypothesis
##' @examples
##' h <- Hypothesis('Stim.ConditionUnstim', c('(Intercept)', 'Stim.ConditionUnstim'))
##' [email protected]@contrastMatrix
##' @seealso zlm waldTest lrTest
Hypothesis <- CoefficientHypothesis <- function(hypothesis, terms){
    whoami <- callName()
    h <- new(whoami, .Data=hypothesis)
    if(!missing(terms)){
        h <- generateHypothesis(h, terms)
    }
    h        
}

.makeContrastMatrixFromCoefficientHypothesis <- function(testIdx, coefnames){
    cm <- matrix(0, nrow=length(testIdx), ncol=length(coefnames), dimnames=list(contrast=coefnames[testIdx], coefnames))
    cm[cbind(seq_along(testIdx), testIdx)] <- 1
    t(cm)    
}

generateHypothesis <- function(h, terms){
    stopifnot(inherits(h, 'Hypothesis') | inherits(h, 'CoefficientHypothesis'))
    ## if(length([email protected])>0) return(h)
    if(class(h) =='Hypothesis'){
        ## makeContrasts can't handle non-syntactic names :-/
        ## So we'll use this instead
        cm <- makeContrasts2(contrasts=h@.Data, levels=terms)
        rownames(cm) <- terms        
        sd <- setdiff(rownames(cm), terms)
    } else {                             #CoefficientHypothesis
        index <- match(h@.Data, terms)
        sd <- setdiff(h@.Data, terms)
        cm <- .makeContrastMatrixFromCoefficientHypothesis(index, terms)
        h@index <- index
    }
    if(length(sd)>0) stop("Term(s) '", paste(sd, ','), "' not found.\nTerms available: ", paste(terms, ", "))
    h@contrastMatrix <- cm
    h
}

listType <- function(alist){
    types <- lapply(alist, function(x) class(x)[1])
    if(length(unique(types))>1) stop("Not 'atomic' list")
    types[1]
}

## escape symbols with backticks
escapeSymbols <- function(text, warn=TRUE){
    hasBT <- str_detect(text, fixed('`'))
    if(any(hasBT)){
        if(warn) warning("Some symbols already contain backticks ('`').  Deleting backticks and hoping for the best.")
        text <- str_replace_all(text, fixed('`'), '')
    }
    hasSymbols <- str_detect(text, '[():+*/^]|-')
    text[hasSymbols] <- str_c('`', text[hasSymbols], '`')
    text

}

## Adapted from limma, but allowing for non-syntactic names
makeContrasts2 <- function (contrasts = NULL, levels, warn=TRUE) 
{
    if (is.factor(levels)) 
        levels <- levels(levels)
    if (!is.character(levels)) 
        levels <- colnames(levels)
    symbols <- str_detect(levels, '[():+*/^=]|-')
    if (any(symbols) && warn) 
        warning("Some levels contain symbols.  Be careful to escape these names with backticks ('`') when specifying contrasts.")
    n <- length(levels)
    if (n < 1) 
        stop("No levels to construct contrasts from")
    indicator <- function(i, n) {
        out <- rep(0, n)
        out[i] <- 1
        out
    }
    levelsenv <- new.env()
    for (i in 1:n) assign(levels[i], indicator(i, n), pos = levelsenv)
    if (!is.null(contrasts)) {
        e <- as.character(contrasts)
        ne <- length(e)
        cm <- matrix(0, n, ne, dimnames = list(Levels = levels, 
                                               Contrasts = e))
        if (ne == 0) 
            return(cm)
        for (j in 1:ne) {
            tryCatch( ej <- parse(text = e[j]), error=function(E) stop('Could not parse contrast ', e[j]))
            cm[, j] <- eval(ej, envir = levelsenv)
        }
        return(cm)
    }
}

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MAST documentation built on May 31, 2017, 2:28 p.m.