R/clusterContrasts.R

#' @title Create contrasts for testing DE of a cluster
#' @docType methods
#' @name clusterContrasts
#' @description Uses clustering to create different types of contrasts to be 
#'   tested that can then be fed into DE testing programs.
#' @aliases clusterContrasts,ClusterExperiment-method
#' @param cluster Either a vector giving contrasts assignments or a 
#'   ClusterExperiment object
#' @param contrastType What type of contrast to create. `Dendro' traverses the
#'   given dendrogram and does contrasts of the samples in each side,  `Pairs'
#'   does pair-wise contrasts based on the pairs given in pairMat (if
#'   pairMat=NULL, does all pairwise), and `OneAgainstAll' compares each cluster
#'   to the average of all others.
#' @param dendro The dendrogram to traverse if contrastType="Dendro". Note that
#'   this should be the dendrogram of the clusters, not of the individual
#'   samples, either of class "dendrogram" or "phylo4"
#' @param pairMat matrix giving the pairs of clusters for which to do pair-wise 
#'   contrasts (must match to elements of cl). If NULL, will do all pairwise of 
#'   the clusters in \code{cluster} (excluding "-1" categories). Each row is a
#'   pair to be compared and must match the names of the clusters in the vector 
#'   \code{cluster}.
#' @param removeNegative logical, whether to remove negative valued clusters 
#'   from the design matrix. Appropriate to pick TRUE (default) if design will 
#'   be input into linear model on samples that excludes -1.
#' @param outputType character string. Gives format for the resulting contrast 
#'   matrix. Currently the two options are the format appropriate for 
#'   \code{\link[limma]{limma}} and \code{\link[MAST]{MAST}} package.
#' @param ... arguments that are passed to from the \code{ClusterExperiment} 
#'   version to the most basic numeric version.
#' @details The input vector must be numeric clusters, but the external commands
#'   that make the contrast matrix (e.g. \code{\link{makeContrasts}}) require 
#'   syntatically valid R names. For this reason, the names of the levels will 
#'   be "X1" instead of "1". And negative values (if removeNegative=FALSE) will 
#'   be "X.1","X.2", etc.
#' @return List with components:
#'\itemize{ 
#'\item{\code{contrastMatrix}}{ Contrast matrix, the form of which
#'depends on \code{outputType}. If \code{outputType=="limma"}, the result of
#'running \code{\link{makeContrasts}}: a matrix with number of columns equal to
#'the number of contrasts, and rows equal to the number of levels of the factor
#'that will be fit in a linear model.} 
#'\item{\code{contrastNames}}{A vector of
#'names for each of the contrasts. NULL if no such additional names.} 
#'}
#' @author Elizabeth Purdom
#' @references Ritchie, ME, Phipson, B, Wu, D, Hu, Y, Law, CW, Shi, W, and
#'   Smyth, GK (2015). limma powers differential expression analyses for
#'   RNA-sequencing and microarray studies. Nucleic Acids Research 43, e47.
#'   http://nar.oxfordjournals.org/content/43/7/e47
#' @references Finak, et al. MAST: a flexible statistical framework for
#'   assessing transcriptional changes and characterizing heterogeneity in
#'   single-cell RNA sequencing data. Genome Biology (2015).
#' @examples 
#' data(simData)
#' cl <- clusterMany(simData,nReducedDims=c(5,10,50),  reduceMethod="PCA",
#' clusterFunction="pam", ks=2:4, findBestK=c(FALSE), removeSil=TRUE,
#' subsample=FALSE)
#' #Pairs:
#' clusterContrasts(cl,contrastType="Pairs")
#' #Dendrogram
#' cl<-makeDendrogram(cl)
#' clusterContrasts(cl,contrastType="Pairs")
#' @export
#' @rdname clusterContrasts
setMethod(
  f = "clusterContrasts",
  signature = "ClusterExperiment",
  definition = function(cluster,contrastType,...){
    if(contrastType=="Dendro"){
      if(is.null(cluster@dendro_clusters)) stop("Must run makeDendrogram before calling clusterContrasts if want contrastType='Dendro'")
      else dendro<-cluster@dendro_clusters
    }
    else dendro<-NULL
    clusterContrasts(primaryCluster(cluster),contrastType=contrastType,dendro=dendro,...)
  })
#' @rdname clusterContrasts
#' @export
#' @importFrom limma makeContrasts
setMethod(
  f = "clusterContrasts",
  signature = "vector",
  definition = function(cluster,contrastType=c("Dendro", "Pairs", "OneAgainstAll"),
                        dendro=NULL, pairMat=NULL,outputType=c("limma","MAST"),removeNegative=TRUE){
    outputType<-match.arg(outputType)
    if(outputType=="MAST" & !requireNamespace("MAST", quietly = TRUE)) stop("for outputType 'MAST', you must have package 'MAST' from Bioconductor installed.")
    
    cluster<-.convertToNum(cluster)
    if(removeNegative) cl<-cluster[cluster>0] else cl<-cluster
    
    ###--------
    ### Fix up the names
    ###--------
    pad<-if(length(unique(cl))<100) 2 else 3
    clPretty<-paste("Cl",stringr::str_pad(cl,width=pad,pad="0"),sep="")
    clLevels<-unique(cl[order(clPretty)])
    clPrettyLevels<-unique(clPretty[order(clPretty)])
    #get them ordered
    cl<-factor(cl,levels=clLevels)
    
    
    contrastType<-match.arg(contrastType)
    outputType<-match.arg(outputType)
    if(contrastType=="Dendro"){
      if(is.null(dendro)) stop("must provide dendrogram if contrastType='Dendro'")
      ####
      #Convert to object used by phylobase so can navigate easily -- might should make generic function...
      if(!inherits(dendro,"phylo4")) phylo4Obj<-.makePhylobaseTree(dendro,type="dendro")
      else phylo4Obj<-dendro
      clChar<-as.character(cl)
      allTipNames<-phylobase::labels(phylo4Obj)[phylobase::getNode(phylo4Obj,  type=c("tip"))]
      if(!identical(sort(unname(allTipNames)),sort(unname(unique(clChar))))) stop("tip names of dendro don't match cluster vector values")
      
      #each internal node (including root) construct contrast between them.
      #(before just tested differences between them)
      allInternal<-phylobase::getNode(phylo4Obj,  type=c("internal"))
      .makeNodeContrast<-function(nodeId){
        children<-phylobase::descendants(phylo4Obj,nodeId,"children") #get immediate descendants
        if(length(children)!=2) stop("More than 2 children for internal node; does not make sense with code")
        #find tips of each child:
        contrAvePerChild<-sapply(children,function(x){
          tips<-phylobase::descendants(phylo4Obj,x,"tip")
          tipNames<-phylobase::labels(phylo4Obj)[tips]
          #should make this code use make.names instead of pasting X...
          if(length(tipNames)>1) return(paste("(",paste(make.names(tipNames),collapse="+"),")/",length(tips),sep=""))
          else return(make.names(tipNames))
        })
        return(paste(contrAvePerChild,collapse="-"))
      }
      contrastNames<-sapply(allInternal,.makeNodeContrast)
      
    }
    if(contrastType=="OneAgainstAll"){
      levs<-clPrettyLevels
      contrastNames<-sapply(levs,function(x){
        one<-make.names(x)
        all<-make.names(levs[-which(levs==x)])
        all<-paste("(",paste(all,collapse="+"),")/",length(all),sep="")
        contr<-paste(one,"-",all,sep="")
        return(contr)
      })
      names(contrastNames)<-clPrettyLevels
    }
    if(contrastType=="Pairs"){
      if(is.null(pairMat)){ #make pair Mat of all pairwise
        levs<-levels(cl)
        pairMat<-t(apply(expand.grid(levs,levs),1,sort))
        pairMat<-unique(pairMat)
        pairMat<-pairMat[-which(pairMat[,1]==pairMat[,2]),,drop=FALSE]
      }
      if(is.null(dim(pairMat)) || ncol(pairMat)!=2) stop("pairMat must be matrix of 2 columns")
      if(!all(as.character(unique(c(pairMat[,1],pairMat[,2]))) %in% as.character(cl))) stop("Some elements of pairMat do not match cl")
      contrastNames <- apply(pairMat,1,function(y){
        yPretty<-make.names(clPrettyLevels[match(as.character(y),as.character(clLevels))])
        paste(yPretty[1],yPretty[2],sep="-")
      })
    }
    #     if(!removeNegative){
    #         levnames<-levels(cl)
    #         whNeg<-which(cluster<0)
    #         if(length(whNeg)>0){
    #             levnames[whNeg]<-paste("Neg",cluster[whNeg],sep="")
    #         }
    #     }
    #     if(removeNegative){
    #         levnames<-levels(factor(cluster[cluster>0]))
    #     }
    levnames<-if(contrastType!="Dendro") clPrettyLevels else make.names(as.character(clLevels))
    if(outputType=="limma"){	
      contr.matrix<-limma::makeContrasts(contrasts=contrastNames,levels=levnames)
      return(list(contrastMatrix=contr.matrix,contrastNames=names(contrastNames)))
    }
    if(outputType=="MAST") return(MAST::Hypothesis(contrastNames, levnames))
    
  })

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clusterExperiment documentation built on May 18, 2018, 6 p.m.