RandomFields offers various tools for
model estimation (ML) and inference (tests) for regionalized variables and data analysis,
simulation of different kinds of random fields, including
multivariate, spatial, spatio-temporal, and non-stationary Gaussian random fields,
Poisson fields, binary fields, Chi2 fields, t fields and
It can also deal with non-stationarity and anisotropy of these processes and conditional simulation (for Gaussian random fields, currently).
See http://ms.math.uni-mannheim.de/de/publications/software/ for intermediate updates.
The following features are provided by the package:
See Bayesian Modelling for an introduction to hierarchical modelling.
Cartesian, earth and spherical coordinates are recognized, see coordinate systems for details.
A list of valid models is given by spherical models.
Data and example studies: Some data sets and published code are provided to illustrate the syntax and structure of the package functions.
soil : soil physical data
weather : UWME weather data
papers : code used in the papers published by
Estimation of parameters (for second-order random fields)
RFfit : general function for estimating
parameters; (for Gaussian random fields)
RFhurst : estimation of the Hurst parameter
RFfractaldim : estimation of the fractal
RFvariogram : calculates
the empirical variogram
RFcov : calculates
the empirical (auto-)covariance function
Fitting a covariance function manually
the generic function
global graphical parameters with
Inference (for Gaussian random fields)
RFcrossvalidate : cross validation
RFlikelihood : likelihood
RFratiotest : likelihood ratio test
For an introduction and general properties, see RMmodels.
For an overview over classes of covariance and variogram models –e.g. for geostatistical purposes– see RM. More sophisticated models and covariance function operators are included.
RFformula reports a new style of passing a
model since version 3.3.
definite models are evaluated by
For a quick impression use
non-definite models are evaluated by
RFlinearpart returns the linear part of a
RFboxcox deals explicitly with Box-Cox
transformations. In many cases it is performed implicitly.
Prediction (for second-order random fields)
RFinterpolate : kriging, including imputing
of random fields,
including conditional simulation. For a list of all covariance
functions and variogram models see
plot for visualisation of the result.
S3 and S4 objects
The functions return S4 objects
based on the package sp,
This is the default.
simple objects as in version 2 are returned.
These simple objects are frequently provided with an S3 class.
This option makes the returning procedure much faster, but
currently does not allow for the comfortable use of
str recognise these S3 and S4
sp2RF for an explicit transformation
of sp objects to S4 objects of RandomFields.
Further generic functions are available for fitted models, see ‘Inference’ above.
Xtended features, especially for package programmers
might decide on a large variety of arguments of the
simulation and estimation procedures using the function
may use ‘./configure –with-tcl-config=/usr/lib/tcl8.5/tclConfig.sh –with-tk-config=/usr/lib/tk8.5/tkConfig.sh’ to configure R
A list of major changings from Version 2 to Version 3 can be found in MajorRevisions.
Changings lists some further changings, in particular of argument and argument names.
RandomFields should be rather
stable when running it with parallel.
However RandomFields might crash severely if an error occurs
when running in parallel. When used with parallel,
you might set
RFoptions(cores = 1). Note that
RFoptions(cores = ...) with more than 1 core uses another level
of parallelism which will be in competetions with parallel
Current updates are available through http://ms.math.uni-mannheim.de/de/publications/software.
Contributions to version 3.0 and following:
Felix Ballani (TU Bergakademie Freiberg; Poisson Polygons, 2014)
Daphne Boecker (Univ. Goettingen; RFgui, 2011)
Katharina Burmeister (Univ. Goettingen; testing, 2012)
Sebastian Engelke (Univ. Goettingen; RFvariogram, 2011-12)
Sebastian Gross (Univ. Goettingen; tilde formulae, 2011)
Alexander Malinowski (Univ. Mannheim; S3, S4 classes 2011-13)
Juliane Manitz (Univ. Goettingen; testing, 2012)
Johannes Martini (Univ. Goettingen; RFvariogram, 2011-12)
Ulrike Ober (Univ. Goettingen; help pages, testing, 2011-12)
Marco Oesting (Univ. Mannheim; Brown-Resnick processes, Kriging, Trend, 2011-13)
Paulo Ribeiro (Unversidade Federal do Parana; code adopted from geoR, 2014)
Kirstin Strokorb (Univ. Mannheim; help pages, 2011-13)
Contributions to version 2.0 and following:
Peter Menck (Univ. Goettingen; multivariate circulant embedding)
R Core Team, Richard Singleton (fft.c and advice)
Contributions to version 1 and following:
Ben Pfaff, 12167 Airport Rd, DeWitt MI 48820, USA making available an algorithm for AVL trees (avltr*)
Patrick Brown : comments on Version 3
Paulo Ribeiro : comments on Version 1
Martin Maechler : advice for Version 1
V3.0 has been financially supported by the German Science Foundation (DFG) through the Research Training Group 1953 ‘Statistical Modeling of Complex Systems and Processes — Advanced Nonparametric Approaches’ (2013-2018).
V3.0 has been financially supported by Volkswagen Stiftung within the project ‘WEX-MOP’ (2011-2014).
Alpha versions for V3.0 have been financially supported by the German Science Foundation (DFG) through the Research Training Groups 1644 ‘Scaling problems in Statistics’ and 1023 ‘Identification in Mathematical Models’ (2008-13).
V1.0 has been financially supported by the German Federal Ministry of Research and Technology (BMFT) grant PT BEO 51-0339476C during 2000-03.
V1.0 has been financially supported by the EU TMR network ERB-FMRX-CT96-0095 on “Computational and statistical methods for the analysis of spatial data” in 1999.
The following packages enable further choices for the optimizer
optim) in RandomFields:
optimx, soma, GenSA, minqa, pso,
DEoptim, nloptr, RColorBrewer, colorspace
Singleton, R.C. (1979). In Programs for Digital Signal Processing Ed.: Digital Signal Processing Committee and IEEE Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing Committe (1979) IEEE press.
Schlather, M., Malinowski, A., Menck, P.J., Oesting, M. and Strokorb, K. (2015) Analysis, simulation and prediction of multivariate random fields with package RandomFields. Journal of Statistical Software, 63 (8), 1-25, url = ‘http://www.jstatsoft.org/v63/i08/’
see also the corresponding vignette.
See also RF, RM, RP, RR, RC, R.
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RFoptions(seed=0) ## *ANY* simulation will have the random seed 0; set ## RFoptions(seed=NA) to make them all random again # simulate some data first (Gaussian random field with exponential # covariance; 6 realisations) model <- RMexp() x <- seq(0, 10, 0.1) z <- RFsimulate(model, x, x, n=6) ## select some data from the simulated data xy <- coordinates(z) pts <- sample(nrow(xy), min(100, nrow(xy) / 2)) dta <- matrix(nrow=nrow(xy), as.vector(z))[pts, ] dta <- cbind(xy[pts, ], dta) plot(z, dta) ## re-estimate the parameter (true values are 1) estmodel <- RMexp(var=NA, scale=NA) (fit <- RFfit(estmodel, data=dta)) ## show a kriged field based on the estimated parameters kriged <- RFinterpolate(fit, x, x, data=dta) plot(kriged, dta)
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