R/sampling.R

Defines functions downSample

Documented in downSample

#' Down- and Up-Sampling Imbalanced Data
#'
#' \code{downSample} will randomly sample a data set so that all classes have
#' the same frequency as the minority class. \code{upSample} samples with
#' replacement to make the class distributions equal
#'
#' Simple random sampling is used to down-sample for the majority class(es).
#' Note that the minority class data are left intact and that the samples will
#' be re-ordered in the down-sampled version.
#'
#' For up-sampling, all the original data are left intact and additional
#' samples are added to the minority classes with replacement.
#'
#' @aliases downSample upSample
#' @param x a matrix or data frame of predictor variables
#' @param y a factor variable with the class memberships
#' @param list should the function return \code{list(x, y)} or bind \code{x}
#' and \code{y} together? If \code{FALSE}, the output will be coerced to a data
#' frame.
#' @param yname if \code{list = FALSE}, a label for the class column
#' @return Either a data frame or a list with elements \code{x} and \code{y}.
#' @author Max Kuhn
#' @keywords utilities
#' @examples
#'
#' ## A ridiculous example...
#' data(oil)
#' table(oilType)
#' downSample(fattyAcids, oilType)
#'
#' upSample(fattyAcids, oilType)
#'
#'
#' @export downSample
downSample <- function(x, y, list = FALSE, yname = "Class") {
  if (!is.data.frame(x)) {
    x <- as.data.frame(x, stringsAsFactors = TRUE)
  }
  if (!is.factor(y)) {
    warning(
      "Down-sampling requires a factor variable as the response. The original data was returned."
    )
    return(list(x = x, y = y))
  }

  minClass <- min(table(y))
  x$.outcome <- y

  x <- ddply(x, .(y),
             function(dat, n)
               dat[sample(seq(along = dat$.outcome), n), , drop = FALSE],
             n = minClass)
  y <- x$.outcome
  x <- x[, !(colnames(x) %in% c("y", ".outcome")), drop = FALSE]
  if (list) {
    if (inherits(x, "matrix")) {
      x <- as.matrix(x)
    }
    out <- list(x = x, y = y)
  } else {
    out <- cbind(x, y)
    colnames(out)[ncol(out)] <- yname
  }
  out
}


#' @export
upSample <- function(x, y, list = FALSE, yname = "Class") {
  if (!is.data.frame(x)) {
    x <- as.data.frame(x, stringsAsFactors = TRUE)
  }
  if (!is.factor(y)) {
    warning(
      "Up-sampling requires a factor variable as the response. The original data was returned."
    )
    return(list(x = x, y = y))
  }

  maxClass <- max(table(y))
  x$.outcome <- y

  x <- ddply(x, .(y),
             function(x, top = maxClass) {
               if (nrow(x) < top) {
                 ind <- sample(1:nrow(x),
                               size = top - nrow(x),
                               replace = TRUE)
                 ind <- c(1:nrow(x), ind)
                 x <- x[ind, , drop = FALSE]
               }
               x
             })
  y <- x$.outcome
  x <- x[,!(colnames(x) %in% c("y", ".outcome")), drop = FALSE]
  if (list) {
    if (inherits(x, "matrix")) {
      x <- as.matrix(x)
    }
    out <- list(x = x, y = y)
  } else {
    out <- cbind(x, y)
    colnames(out)[ncol(out)] <- yname
  }
  out
}

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caret documentation built on Aug. 9, 2022, 5:11 p.m.