R/lassoCV.R

Defines functions lassoCV

Documented in lassoCV

lassoCV <- 
function (formula, data, K = 10, fraction = seq(0, 1, by = 0.05), 
    trace = FALSE, plot.opt = TRUE, sdfact = 2, legpos = "topright", 
    ...) 
{
#    require(pls)
#    require(lars)
    mf <<- match.call(expand.dots = FALSE)
    m <- match(c("formula", "data"), names(mf), 0)
    mf <- mf[c(1, m)]
    mf[[1]] <- as.name("model.frame")
    mf <- eval(mf, parent.frame())
    mt <- attr(mf, "terms")
    y <- model.response(mf, "numeric")
    X <- delintercept(model.matrix(mt, mf))
    all.folds <- cv.folds(length(y), K)
    residmat <- matrix(0, length(fraction), K)
    SEPmat <- matrix(0, length(fraction), K)
    for (i in seq(K)) {
        omit <- all.folds[[i]]
        fit <- lars(X[-omit, , drop = FALSE], y[-omit], trace = trace, 
            ...)
        fit <- predict(fit, X[omit, , drop = FALSE], mode = "fraction", 
            s = fraction)$fit
        if (length(omit) == 1) 
            fit <- matrix(fit, nrow = 1)
        residmat[, i] <- apply((y[omit] - fit)^2, 2, mean)
        SEPmat[, i] <- apply(y[omit] - fit, 2, sd)
        if (trace) 
            cat("\n CV Fold", i, "\n\n")
    }
    cv <- apply(residmat, 1, mean)
    SEP <- apply(SEPmat, 1, mean)
    cv.error <- sqrt(apply(residmat, 1, var)/K)
    if (plot.opt) {
        error.bars <- function(x, upper, lower, width = 0.02, 
            ...) {
            xlim <- range(x)
            barw <- diff(xlim) * width
            segments(x, upper, x, lower, ...)
            segments(x - barw, upper, x + barw, upper, ...)
            segments(x - barw, lower, x + barw, lower, ...)
        }
        ind <- which.min(cv)                                                    # BL: this gives the position of minimum MSE (later on correctly used in plots, don't delete)
        indopt <- which(cv < cv[ind] + sdfact * cv.error[ind])[1]               # corrected, this gives the index of fraction with optimal choice for fraction
        sopt <- fraction[indopt]                                                # corrected,  optimal value for fraction
        
        plot(fraction, cv, ylim = range(cv - sdfact * cv.error, 
            cv + sdfact * cv.error), xlab = "|beta|/max|beta|", 
            ylab = "MSEP", cex.lab = 1.2, type = "n")
        lines(fraction, cv)
        points(fraction, cv, pch = 16, cex = 0.5)
        error.bars(fraction, cv + sdfact * cv.error, cv - sdfact * 
            cv.error, width = 1/length(fraction))
        abline(h = cv[ind] + sdfact * cv.error[ind], lty = 4)
        abline(v = sopt, lty = 4)
        legend(legpos, c(paste("MSEP=", round(cv[ind], 2), sep = ""), 
            paste("SEP=", round(SEP[ind], 2), sep = "")))
    }
    list(cv = cv, cv.error = cv.error, SEP = SEP, 
    ind = ind,                                                                 # unchanged, but note that this is index of fraction with minimum CV error
    indopt=indopt,                                                             # new BL 13.2.2012, real "optimum" based on sdfact*standarderror rule
    sopt = sopt,                                                               # corrected BL 13.2.2012, index of fraction with OPTIMAL choice for fraction, calculation corrected
    fraction = fraction)
}

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chemometrics documentation built on May 29, 2017, 10:42 a.m.