R/utils-control-par.R

Defines functions pretty_print_list load_namespace check_class_integer control_modeltime_objects print.control_nested_refit control_nested_forecast print.control_nested_refit control_nested_refit print.control_nested_fit control_nested_fit print.control_fit_workflowset control_fit_workflowset print.control_refit control_refit get_operator finish_parallel_processing setup_parallel_processing parallel_stop parallel_start

Documented in control_fit_workflowset control_nested_fit control_nested_forecast control_nested_refit control_refit load_namespace parallel_start parallel_stop

# PARALLEL START/STOP ----

#' Start parallel clusters using `parallel` package
#'
#' @param ... Parameters passed to underlying functions (See Details Section)
#' @param .method The method to create the parallel backend. Supports:
#'
#'  - "parallel" - Uses the `parallel` and `doParallel` packages
#'  - "spark" - Uses the `sparklyr` package
#'
#'
#' @details
#'
#' # Parallel (`.method = "parallel"`)
#'
#' Performs 3 Steps:
#'
#' 1. Makes clusters using `parallel::makeCluster(...)`. The `parallel_start(...)`
#'   are passed to `parallel::makeCluster(...)`.
#' 2. Registers clusters using `doParallel::registerDoParallel()`.
#' 3. Adds `.libPaths()` using `parallel::clusterCall()`.
#'
#' # Spark (`.method = "spark"`)
#'
#'  - Important, make sure to create a spark connection using `sparklyr::spark_connect()`.
#'  - Pass the connection object as the first argument.
#'    For example, `parallel_start(sc, .method = "spark")`.
#'  - The `parallel_start(...)` are passed to `sparklyr::registerDoSpark(...)`.
#'
#' @examples
#'
#' # Starts 2 clusters
#' parallel_start(2)
#'
#' # Returns to sequential processing
#' parallel_stop()
#'
#'
#'
#' @name parallel_start
#'


#' @export
#' @rdname parallel_start
parallel_start <- function(..., .method = c("parallel", "spark")) {

    meth <- tolower(.method[1])

    if (!meth %in% .method) {
        rlang::abort("`.method` is not an available method. Available values are one of 'parallel' or 'spark'.")
    }

    if (meth == "parallel") {
        cl <- parallel::makeCluster(...)
        doParallel::registerDoParallel(cl)
        invisible(
            parallel::clusterCall(cl, function(x) .libPaths(x), .libPaths())
        )
    }

    if (meth == "spark") {
        sparklyr::registerDoSpark(...)
    }

}

#' @export
#' @rdname parallel_start
parallel_stop <- function() {
    foreach::registerDoSEQ()
}

# USED TO SET UP THE PARALLEL BACKENDS IF NOT SET UP ALREADY
setup_parallel_processing <- function(control, is_par_setup, t1) {

    clusters_made <- FALSE
    cl            <- NULL

    if ((control$cores > 1) && control$allow_par && (!is_par_setup)){
        if (control$verbose) {
            message(
                stringr::str_glue(" No existing backend detected. It's more efficient to setup a Parallel Backend with `parallel_start()`...")
            )
            message(
                stringr::str_glue(" Starting parallel backend with {control$cores} clusters (cores)...")
            )
        }
        cl <- parallel::makeCluster(control$cores)
        doParallel::registerDoParallel(cl)
        parallel::clusterCall(cl, function(x) .libPaths(x), .libPaths())
        clusters_made <- TRUE

        if (control$verbose) {
            t <- Sys.time()
            message(stringr::str_glue(" Parallel Backend Setup | {round(t-t1, 3)} seconds"))
        }

    } else if (!is_par_setup) {
        # Run sequentially if parallel is not set up, cores == 1 or allow_par == FALSE
        if (control$verbose) message(stringr::str_glue("Running sequential backend. If parallel was intended, set `allow_par = TRUE` and `cores > 1`."))
        foreach::registerDoSEQ()
    } else {
        # Parallel was set up externally by user - Do nothing.
        if (control$verbose) message(stringr::str_glue("Using existing parallel backend with {foreach::getDoParWorkers()} clusters (cores)..."))
    }

    return(list(
        clusters_made = clusters_made,
        cl            = cl
    ))

}

# USED TO SHUT DOWN THE PARALLEL BACKENDS IF WE SET UP
finish_parallel_processing <- function(control, clusters_made, cl, t1) {

    t <- Sys.time()

    if (clusters_made) {
        # We set up parallel processing internally. We should close.
        doParallel::stopImplicitCluster()
        parallel::stopCluster(cl)
        foreach::registerDoSEQ()
        if (control$verbose) {
            message(stringr::str_glue(" Finishing parallel backend. Closing clusters. | {round(t-t1, 3)} seconds)"))
        }
    } else if ((control$cores > 1) && control$allow_par) {
        if (control$verbose) {
            message(stringr::str_glue(" Finishing parallel backend. Clusters are remaining open. | {round(t-t1, 3)} seconds"))
            message(" Close clusters by running: `parallel_stop()`.")
        }
    } else {
        if (control$verbose) {
            message(stringr::str_glue(" Finishing sequential backend. | {round(t-t1, 3)} seconds"))
        }
    }

}

# USED TO SELECT EITHER SEQ OR PAR FOREACH OPERATOR
get_operator <- function(allow_par = TRUE) {
    is_par <- foreach::getDoParWorkers() > 1

    cond <- allow_par && is_par
    if (cond) {
        res <- foreach::`%dopar%`
    } else {
        res <- foreach::`%do%`
    }
    return(res)
}


# CONTROL REFIT ----


#' Control aspects of the training process
#'
#' @description These functions are matched to the associated
#' training functions:
#'
#' - `control_refit()`: Used with [modeltime_refit()]
#' - `control_fit_workflowset()`: Used with [modeltime_fit_workflowset()]
#' - `control_nested_fit()`: Used with [modeltime_nested_fit()]
#' - `control_nested_refit()`: Used with [modeltime_nested_refit()]
#' - `control_nested_forecast()`: Used with [modeltime_nested_forecast()]
#'
#' @param allow_par Logical to allow parallel computation. Default: `FALSE` (single threaded).
#' @param cores Number of cores for computation. If -1, uses all available physical cores.
#'  Default: `-1`.
#' @param packages An optional character string of additional R package names that should be loaded
#'  during parallel processing.
#'
#'  - Packages in your namespace are loaded by default
#'
#'  - Key Packages are loaded by default: `tidymodels`, `parsnip`, `modeltime`, `dplyr`, `stats`, `lubridate` and `timetk`.
#'
#' @param verbose Logical to control printing.
#'
#' @return
#' A List with the control settings.
#'
#'
#' @seealso
#' - Setting Up Parallel Processing: [parallel_start()], [parallel_stop())]
#' - Training Functions: [modeltime_refit()], [modeltime_fit_workflowset()], [modeltime_nested_fit()], [modeltime_nested_refit()]
#'
#' @examples
#'
#' # No parallel processing by default
#' control_refit()
#'
#' # Allow parallel processing
#' control_refit(allow_par = TRUE)
#'
#' # Set verbosity to show additional training information
#' control_refit(verbose = TRUE)
#'
#' # Add additional packages used during modeling in parallel processing
#' # - This is useful if your namespace does not load all needed packages
#' #   to run models.
#' # - An example is if I use `temporal_hierarchy()`, which depends on the `thief` package
#' control_refit(allow_par = TRUE, packages = "thief")
#'
#' @name control_modeltime



#' @export
#' @rdname control_modeltime
control_refit <- function(verbose = FALSE,
                          allow_par = FALSE,
                          cores = -1,
                          packages = NULL) {

    ret <- control_modeltime_objects(
        verbose   = verbose,
        allow_par = allow_par,
        cores     = cores,
        packages  = packages,
        func      = "control_refit"
    )

    class(ret) <- c("control_refit")

    return(ret)
}

#' @export
print.control_refit <- function(x, ...) {
    pretty_print_list(x, header = "refit control object")
    invisible(x)
}

# CONTROL  WORKFLOWSET -----

#' @export
#' @rdname control_modeltime
control_fit_workflowset <- function(verbose = FALSE,
                                    allow_par = FALSE,
                                    cores = -1,
                                    packages = NULL) {

    ret <- control_modeltime_objects(
        verbose   = verbose,
        allow_par = allow_par,
        cores     = cores,
        packages  = packages,
        func      = "control_fit_workflowset"
    )

    class(ret) <- c("control_fit_workflowset")

    return(ret)

}

#' @export
print.control_fit_workflowset <- function(x, ...) {
    pretty_print_list(x, header = "workflowset control object")
    invisible(x)
}

# CONTROL NESTED FIT ----


#' @export
#' @rdname control_modeltime
control_nested_fit <- function(verbose = FALSE,
                               allow_par = FALSE,
                               cores = -1,
                               packages = NULL) {

    ret <- control_modeltime_objects(
        verbose   = verbose,
        allow_par = allow_par,
        cores     = cores,
        packages  = packages,
        func      = "control_nested_fit"
    )

    class(ret) <- c("control_nested_fit")

    return(ret)
}



#' @export
print.control_nested_fit <- function(x, ...) {
    pretty_print_list(x, header = "nested fit control object")
    invisible(x)
}

# CONTROL NESTED REFIT ----


#' @export
#' @rdname control_modeltime
control_nested_refit <- function(verbose = FALSE,
                                 allow_par = FALSE,
                                 cores = -1,
                                 packages = NULL) {

    ret <- control_modeltime_objects(
        verbose   = verbose,
        allow_par = allow_par,
        cores     = cores,
        packages  = packages,
        func      = "control_nested_refit"
    )

    class(ret) <- c("control_nested_refit")

    return(ret)
}



#' @export
print.control_nested_refit <- function(x, ...) {
    pretty_print_list(x, header = "nested refit control object")
    invisible(x)
}

# CONTROL NESTED FORECAST ----


#' @export
#' @rdname control_modeltime
control_nested_forecast <- function(verbose = FALSE,
                                 allow_par = FALSE,
                                 cores = -1,
                                 packages = NULL) {

    ret <- control_modeltime_objects(
        verbose   = verbose,
        allow_par = allow_par,
        cores     = cores,
        packages  = packages,
        func      = "control_nested_forecast"
    )

    class(ret) <- c("control_nested_forecast")

    return(ret)
}



#' @export
print.control_nested_refit <- function(x, ...) {
    pretty_print_list(x, header = "nested refit control object")
    invisible(x)
}

# CONTROL (generic) ----


control_modeltime_objects <- function(
    verbose = FALSE,
    allow_par = FALSE,
    cores = -1,
    packages = NULL,
    func = NULL
) {

    val_class_and_single(verbose, "logical", "control_refit()")
    val_class_and_single(allow_par, "logical", "control_refit()")
    val_class_and_single(cores, "numeric", "control_refit()")

    if (allow_par) {
        required_pkgs <- c("modeltime", "parsnip", "workflows", "dplyr", "stats",
                           "lubridate", "tidymodels", "timetk",
                           "rsample", "recipes", "yardstick", "dials", "tune")

        namespace_pkgs <- search() %>%
            stringr::str_subset(pattern = "^package") %>%
            stringr::str_remove("package:")

        packages <- c(required_pkgs, namespace_pkgs, packages) %>% unique()

        load_namespace(packages, full_load = packages)

    }

    if (!allow_par) {
        cores <- 1
    } else {
        cores_available <- parallel::detectCores(logical = FALSE) # Detect Physical Cores

        foreach_workers <- foreach::getDoParWorkers() # Detect how many workers currently set up

        if (foreach_workers > 1) {
            # WORKERS ALREADY SET UP
            cores_requested <- cores
            cores <- foreach_workers
            if ((cores_requested > 1) && (cores != cores_requested)) {
                rlang::warn(stringr::str_glue("Detected parallel backend with {cores} cores but user requested {cores_requested} cores. Using {cores} cores."))
            }
        } else {
            if (!is.na(cores_available)) {
                # NUMBER OF CORES DETERMINED
                if (cores < 1) cores <- cores_available
                # if (cores > cores_available) cores <- cores_available
            } else {
                # UNKNOWN NUMBER OF CORES
                if (cores < 1) {
                    rlang::warn(
                        stringr::str_glue("{if (!is.null(func)) paste0(func, ': ') }`allow_par` is TRUE but unknown number of `cores`. Setting `cores = 1`.")
                    )
                    cores <- 1
                }

            }
        }

    }

    class_cores <- check_class_integer(cores)
    if (class_cores == F) {
        rlang::abort(
            stringr::str_glue("{if (!is.null(func)) paste0(func, ': ') }Argument 'cores' should be a single integer value")
        )
    }

    list(
        allow_par = allow_par,
        cores     = cores,
        verbose   = verbose,
        packages  = packages
    )

}






# UTILITIES ----


val_class_and_single <- function (x, cls = "numeric", where = NULL) {
    cl <- match.call()
    fine <- check_class_and_single(x, cls)
    cls <- paste(cls, collapse = " or ")
    if (!fine) {
        msg <- glue::glue("Argument '{deparse(cl$x)}' should be a single {cls} value")
        if (!is.null(where)) {
            msg <- glue::glue(msg, " in `{where}`")
        }
        rlang::abort(msg)
    }
    invisible(NULL)
}


check_class_and_single <- function (x, cls = "numeric") {
    isTRUE(inherits(x, cls) & length(x) == 1)
}


check_class_integer <- function(x){
    if (x %% 1 == 0) TRUE else FALSE
}


#' These are not intended for use by the general public.
#'
#' @param x A vector
#' @param full_load A vector
#'
#' @return
#' Control information
#'
#' @export
load_namespace <- function(x, full_load) {
    if (length(x) == 0) {
        return(invisible(TRUE))
    }

    x_full <- x[x %in% full_load]
    x <- x[!(x %in% full_load)]

    loaded <- purrr::map_lgl(x, isNamespaceLoaded)
    x <- x[!loaded]

    if (length(x) > 0) {
        did_load <- purrr::map_lgl(x, requireNamespace, quietly = TRUE)
        if (any(!did_load)) {
            bad <- x[!did_load]
            msg <- paste0("'", bad, "'", collapse = ", ")
            stop(paste("These packages could not be loaded:", msg), call. = FALSE)
        }
    }

    if (length(x_full) > 0) {
        purrr::map(x_full,
                   ~ try(suppressPackageStartupMessages(attachNamespace(.x)), silent = TRUE))
    }

    invisible(TRUE)
}


pretty_print_list <- function(x, header=NULL, justify="left", sep=":") {

    if (!is.list(x) || is.null(names(x)))
        stop("x must be a list containing named objects")
    if (!is.null(header) && (!is.character(header) || length(header) > 1))
        stop("header must be a single character string")
    if (!is.character(justify) || length(justify) > 1)
        stop("justify must be a single character string")
    if (!is.character(sep) || length(sep) > 1)
        stop("sep must be a single character string")

    justify <- match.arg(justify, c("none","left","right","decimal"))

    if (!is.null(header))
        cat(header,"\n", rep("-",nchar(header)),"\n",sep="")

    # prune list of NULL values.
    # if x <- list("some really large name"=NULL, cat="dog")
    # the spearator will be spaced way too far to the right
    # due to the influence of the first entry name. thus,
    # we eliminate any such NULL entries altogether to
    # avoid this problem
    x <- x[!unlist(lapply(x, is.null))]

    if (!length(x))
        return(invisible(NULL))

    categories <- format(names(x), justify=justify)

    # Cat Print
    for (i in seq(along=categories)){
        if (!is.null(x[[i]]))
            cat(categories[i], sep, x[[i]], "\n", sep=" ")
    }

    invisible(NULL)
}

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modeltime documentation built on Oct. 18, 2021, 5:08 p.m.