R/zipsByProduct.R

Defines functions zipsByProduct

Documented in zipsByProduct

##############################################################################################
#' @title Get files from NEON API to feed the stackByTable() function

#' @author
#' Claire Lunch \email{clunch@battelleecology.org}

#' @description
#' Pull files from the NEON API, by data product, in a structure that will allow them to be stacked by the stackByTable() function
#'
#' @param dpID The identifier of the NEON data product to pull, in the form DPL.PRNUM.REV, e.g. DP1.10023.001
#' @param site Either the string 'all', meaning all available sites, or a character vector of 4-letter NEON site codes, e.g. c('ONAQ','RMNP'). Defaults to all.
#' @param startdate Either NA, meaning all available dates, or a character vector in the form YYYY-MM, e.g. 2017-01. Defaults to NA.
#' @param enddate Either NA, meaning all available dates, or a character vector in the form YYYY-MM, e.g. 2017-01. Defaults to NA.
#' @param package Either 'basic' or 'expanded', indicating which data package to download. Defaults to basic.
#' @param release The data release to be downloaded; either 'current' or the name of a release, e.g. 'RELEASE-2021'. 'current' returns provisional data in addition to the most recent release. To download only provisional data, use release='PROVISIONAL'. Defaults to 'current'.
#' @param avg Deprecated; use timeIndex
#' @param timeIndex Either the string 'all', or the time index of data to download, in minutes. Only applicable to sensor (IS) data. Defaults to 'all'.
#' @param tabl Either the string 'all', or the name of a single data table to download. Defaults to 'all'.
#' @param check.size T or F, should the user approve the total file size before downloading? Defaults to T. When working in batch mode, or other non-interactive workflow, use check.size=F.
#' @param savepath The location to save the output files to
#' @param load T or F, are files saved locally or loaded directly? Used silently with loadByProduct(), do not set manually.
#' @param token User specific API token (generated within neon.datascience user accounts). Optional.

#' @details All available data meeting the query criteria will be downloaded. Most data products are collected at only a subset of sites, and dates of collection vary. Consult the NEON data portal for sampling details.
#' Dates are specified only to the month because NEON data are provided in monthly packages. Any month included in the search criteria will be included in the download. Start and end date are inclusive.
#' timeIndex: NEON sensor data are published at pre-determined averaging intervals, usually 1 and 30 minutes. The default download includes all available data. Download volume can be greatly reduced by downloading only the 30 minute files, if higher frequency data are not needed. Use getTimeIndex() to find the available averaging intervals for each sensor data product.

#' @return A folder in the working directory (or in savepath, if specified), containing all zip files meeting query criteria.

#' @examples
#' \dontrun{
#' # To download plant foliar properties data from all sites, expanded data package:
#' zipsByProduct(dpID="DP1.10026.001", site="all", package="expanded")
#' }

#' @references
#' License: GNU AFFERO GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 3, 19 November 2007

#' @export

# changelog and author contributions / copyrights
#   Claire Lunch (2017-09-28)
#     original creation
##############################################################################################

zipsByProduct <- function(dpID, site="all", startdate=NA, enddate=NA, package="basic",
                          release="current", timeIndex="all", tabl="all", check.size=TRUE, 
                          savepath=NA, load=F, token=NA_character_, avg=NA) {

  messages <- NA

  # error message if package is not basic or expanded
  if(!package %in% c("basic", "expanded")) {
    stop(paste(package, "is not a valid package name. Package must be basic or expanded", sep=" "))
  }

  # error message if dpID isn't formatted as expected
  if(regexpr("DP[1-4]{1}.[0-9]{5}.00[0-9]{1}",dpID)[1]!=1) {
    stop(paste(dpID, "is not a properly formatted data product ID. The correct format is DP#.#####.00#", sep=" "))
  }

  # error message if dpID can't be downloaded by zipsByProduct()
  if(substring(dpID, 5, 5)==3 & dpID!='DP1.30012.001') {
    stop(paste(dpID, "is a remote sensing data product. Use the byFileAOP() or byTileAOP() function.", sep=" "))
  }
  
  # error message if dates aren't formatted correctly
  # separate logic for each, to easily allow only one to be NA
  if(!is.na(startdate)) {
    if(regexpr("[0-9]{4}-[0-9]{2}", startdate)!=1) {
      stop("startdate and enddate must be either NA or valid dates in the form YYYY-MM")
    }
  }
  
  if(!is.na(enddate)) {
    if(regexpr("[0-9]{4}-[0-9]{2}", enddate)!=1) {
      stop("startdate and enddate must be either NA or valid dates in the form YYYY-MM")
    }
  }
  
  # warning message if using deprecated avg= instead of timeIndex=
  if(!is.na(avg)) {
    cat('Input parameter avg is deprecated; use timeIndex to download by time interval.\n')
  } else {
    avg <- timeIndex
  }
  
  # error message if using timeIndex & tabl
  if(avg!="all" & tabl!="all") {
    stop("Either timeIndex or tabl can be specified, but not both.")
  }
  
  # check and warning message if using tabl=
  if(tabl!="all") {
    message(paste("Warning: Downloading only table ", tabl, ". Downloading by table is not recommended unless you are already familiar with the data product and its contents.\n", sep=""))
    if(!tabl %in% table_types$tableName) {
      message(paste("Warning: ", tabl, " is not in list of known tables. Download will be attempted, but check name and check neonUtilities for updates.\n", sep=""))
    } else {
      if(!dpID %in% table_types$productID[which(table_types$tableName==tabl)]) {
        message(paste(tabl, " is a table in ", 
                   paste(table_types$productID[which(table_types$tableName==tabl)], collapse=" "), 
                   ", not in ", dpID, 
                   ". Download will be attempted, but check for updates.\n", sep=""))
      }
      if("lab-current" %in% table_types$tableType[which(table_types$tableName==tabl)] | 
         "lab-all" %in% table_types$tableType[which(table_types$tableName==tabl)]) {
        stop(paste("Download by table is not available for lab metadata tables. To get the complete dataset for table ", 
                   tabl, ", download the most recently published site and month of data for ", 
                   paste(table_types$productID[which(table_types$tableName==tabl)], collapse=" or "), 
                   ".", sep=""))
      }
    }
  }

  # error for Phenocam data
  if(dpID %in% c("DP1.00033.001", "DP1.00042.001")) {
    stop(paste(dpID, "is a phenological image product, data are hosted by Phenocam.", sep=" "))
  }
  
  # error for DHP expanded package
  if(dpID=="DP1.10017.001" & package=="expanded") {
    stop("Digital hemispherical images expanded file packages exceed R download limits. Either download from the data portal, or download the basic package and use the URLs in the data to download the images themselves. Follow instructions in the Data Product User Guide for image file naming.")
  }

  # error message for individual SAE products
  if(dpID %in% c('DP1.00007.001','DP1.00010.001','DP1.00034.001','DP1.00035.001',
                 'DP1.00036.001','DP1.00037.001','DP1.00099.001','DP1.00100.001',
                 'DP2.00008.001','DP2.00009.001','DP2.00024.001','DP3.00008.001',
                 'DP3.00009.001','DP3.00010.001','DP4.00002.001','DP4.00007.001',
                 'DP4.00067.001','DP4.00137.001','DP4.00201.001','DP1.00030.001')) {
    stop(paste(dpID, 'is only available in the bundled eddy covariance data product. Download DP4.00200.001 to access these data.', sep=' '))
  }
  
  # redirect for met/precip data shared between terrestrial & aquatic sites
  # site=='all' not addressed, because in that case all available sites for the product are returned
  if(dpID %in% shared_aquatic$product & any(site %in% shared_aquatic$site)) {
    cat(paste("Some sites in your download request are aquatic sites where ", 
              dpID, " is collected at a nearby terrestrial site. The sites you requested, and the sites that will be accessed instead, are listed below:\n", 
              sep=""))
    site <- unlist(lapply(site, function(x) {
      if(x %in% shared_aquatic$site) {
        if(dpID %in% shared_aquatic$product[which(shared_aquatic$site==x)]) {
          terrSite <- unique(shared_aquatic$towerSite[which(shared_aquatic$site==x)])
          cat(paste(x, " -> ", terrSite, "\n", sep=""))
          return(terrSite)
        }
        else {
          return(x)
        }
      }
      else {
        return(x)
      }
    }))
  }
  
  # redirect for chemistry data product bundles
  if(dpID %in% chem_bundles$product) {
    if(chem_bundles$homeProduct[which(chem_bundles$product==dpID)]==
       "depends") {
      stop("Root chemistry and isotopes have been bundled with the root biomass data. For root chemistry from Megapits, download DP1.10066.001. For root chemistry from periodic sampling, download DP1.10067.001.")
    } else {
      newDPID <- chem_bundles$homeProduct[which(chem_bundles$product==dpID)]
      stop(paste(dpID, " has been bundled with ", newDPID, 
                " and is not available independently. Please download ", 
                newDPID, sep=""))
    }
  }

  # redirect for veg structure and sediment data product bundles
  if(dpID %in% other_bundles$product & release!="RELEASE-2021") {
    newDPID <- other_bundles$homeProduct[which(other_bundles$product==dpID)]
    stop(paste("Except in RELEASE-2021, ", dpID, " has been bundled with ", newDPID, 
               " and is not available independently. Please download ", 
               newDPID, sep=""))
  }
  
  # if token is an empty string, set to NA
  if(identical(token, "")) {
    token <- NA_character_
  }
  
  # query the products endpoint for the product requested
  if(release=="current") {
    prod.req <- getAPI(apiURL = paste("http://data.neonscience.org/api/v0/products/", 
                                      dpID, sep=""), token = token)
  } else {
    prod.req <- getAPI(apiURL = paste("http://data.neonscience.org/api/v0/products/", 
                                      dpID, "?release=", release, sep=""), token = token)
  }

  avail <- jsonlite::fromJSON(httr::content(prod.req, as='text', encoding='UTF-8'), 
                              simplifyDataFrame=TRUE, flatten=TRUE)
  
  # error message if product not found
  if(!is.null(avail$error$status)) {
    stop(paste("No data found for product", dpID, sep=" "))
  }
  
  # check that token was used
  if(!is.na(token) & !is.null(prod.req$headers$`x-ratelimit-limit`)) {
    if(prod.req$headers$`x-ratelimit-limit`==200) {
      cat('API token was not recognized. Public rate limit applied.\n')
    }
  }

  # error message if averaging interval is invalid
  if(avg!="all") {
    # if product is OS, proceed with normal download
    if(avail$data$productScienceTeamAbbr %in% c("TOS","AOS","AOP") |
       dpID %in% c("DP1.20267.001","DP1.00101.001","DP1.00013.001","DP1.00038.001")) {
      cat(paste(dpID, " is not a streaming sensor (IS) data product; cannot subset by averaging interval. Proceeding to download all available data.\n",
                sep=""))
      avg <- "all"
  } else {
    # exceptions for water quality, SAE, summary weather statistics
    if(dpID %in% c("DP1.20288.001","DP4.00001.001","DP4.00200.001")) {
      cat(paste("Downloading by time interval is not available for ", dpID,
                ". Proceeding to download all available data.\n", sep=""))
      avg <- "all"
    } else {
      # check and make sure the averaging interval is valid for the product
      if(!avg %in% table_types$tableTMI[which(table_types$productID==dpID)]) {
        stop(paste(avg, " is not a valid time interval for ", dpID,
                   ". Use function getTimeIndex() to find valid time intervals.", sep=""))
        }
      }
    }
  }

  # get the urls for months with data available
  month.urls <- unlist(avail$data$siteCodes$availableDataUrls)
  
  # error message if nothing is available
  if(length(month.urls)==0) {
    stop("There are no data matching the search criteria.")
  }

  # subset by sites if requested
  if(!"all" %in% site) {
    month.urls <- month.urls[sort(unlist(sapply(site, grep, month.urls)))]
  } else {
    month.urls <- month.urls
  }

  # error message if nothing is available
  if(length(month.urls)==0) {
    stop("There are no data at the selected site(s).")
  }

  # subset by dates if requested
  if(!is.na(startdate)) {
    datelist <- regmatches(month.urls, regexpr("20[0-9]{2}-[0-9]{2}", month.urls))
    month.urls <- month.urls[which(datelist >= startdate)]
  }

  # error message if nothing is available
  if(length(month.urls)==0) {
    stop("There are no data at the selected date(s).")
  }

  if(!is.na(enddate)) {
    datelist <- regmatches(month.urls, regexpr("20[0-9]{2}-[0-9]{2}", month.urls))
    month.urls <- month.urls[which(datelist <= enddate)]
  }

  # error message if nothing is available
  if(length(month.urls)==0) {
    stop("There are no data at the selected date(s).")
  }

  zip.urls <- getZipUrls(month.urls, avg=avg, package=package, dpID=dpID, tabl=tabl,
                         release=release, messages=messages, token=token)
  if(is.null(zip.urls)) { return(invisible()) }
  zip.urls <- tidyr::drop_na(zip.urls)

  downld.size <- convByteSize(sum(as.numeric(zip.urls$size), na.rm=T))

  # ask user if they want to proceed
  # can disable this with check.size=F
  if(check.size==TRUE) {
    resp <- readline(paste0("Continuing will download files totaling approximately ",
                           downld.size, ". Do you want to proceed y/n: "))
    if(!(resp %in% c("y","Y"))) {
      stop("Download halted.")
    }
  } else {
    cat(paste0("Downloading files totaling approximately ", downld.size, "\n"))
  }

  # create folder in working directory or savepath to put files in
  if(is.na(savepath)) {
    filepath <- paste(getwd(), "/filesToStack", substr(dpID, 5, 9), sep="")
  } else {
    filepath <- paste(savepath, "/filesToStack", substr(dpID, 5, 9), sep="")
  }
  if(!dir.exists(filepath)) {
    dirc <- dir.create(filepath)
    if(!dirc) {
      stop("filesToStack directory could not be created. Check that savepath is a valid directory.")
    }
  } else {
    message(paste(filepath, " already exists. Download will proceed, but check for duplicate files.", sep=""))
  }
  
  writeLines(paste("Downloading ", nrow(zip.urls), " files", sep=""))
  pb <- utils::txtProgressBar(style=3)
  utils::setTxtProgressBar(pb, 1/(nrow(zip.urls)-1))

  j <- 1
  counter<- 1

  while(j <= nrow(zip.urls)) {

    if (counter > 2) {
      cat(paste0("\nRefresh did not solve the isse. URL query for file ", zip.urls$name[j],
                 " failed. If all files fail, check data portal (data.neonscience.org/news) for possible outage alert.\n",
                 "If file sizes are large, increase the timeout limit on your machine: options(timeout=###)"))
      j <- j + 1
      counter <- 1
    } else {
      zip_out <- paste(filepath, zip.urls$name[j], sep="/")
      if(!file.exists(substr(zip_out, 1, nchar(zip_out)-4)) || !file.exists(zip_out)) {
        if(is.na(token)) {
          t <- tryCatch(
            {
              suppressWarnings(downloader::download(zip.urls$URL[j], destfile=zip_out,
                                                    mode="wb", quiet=T))
            }, error = function(e) { e } )
        } else {
          t <- tryCatch(
            {
              suppressWarnings(downloader::download(zip.urls$URL[j], destfile=zip_out,
                                                    mode="wb", quiet=T,
                                                    headers=c("X-API-Token"=token)))
            }, error = function(e) { e } )
        }

        if(inherits(t, "error")) {
          
          # re-attempt download once with no changes
          if(counter < 2) {
            writeLines(paste0("\n", zip.urls$name[j], " could not be downloaded. Re-attempting."))
            
            if(is.na(token)) {
              t <- tryCatch(
                {
                  suppressWarnings(downloader::download(zip.urls$URL[j], destfile=zip_out,
                                                        mode="wb", quiet=T))
                }, error = function(e) { e } )
            } else {
              t <- tryCatch(
                {
                  suppressWarnings(downloader::download(zip.urls$URL[j], destfile=zip_out,
                                                        mode="wb", quiet=T,
                                                        headers=c("X-API-Token"=token)))
                }, error = function(e) { e } )
            }
            
            if(inherits(t, "error")) {
              counter <- counter + 1
            } else {
              j <- j + 1
              counter <- 1
            }
          } else {
            writeLines(paste0("\n", zip.urls$name[j], " could not be downloaded. URLs may have expired. Refreshing URL list."))
            
            zip.urls <- quietMessages(getZipUrls(month.urls, avg=avg, package=package, tabl=tabl, 
                                                 dpID=dpID, release=release, messages=messages, token=token))
            zip.urls <- tidyr::drop_na(zip.urls)
            
            counter <- counter + 1
          }
        } else {
          j <- j + 1
          counter <- 1
          utils::setTxtProgressBar(pb, j/(nrow(zip.urls)-1))
        }
      }

    }
  }

  utils::setTxtProgressBar(pb, 1)
  close(pb)

  if(load==F) {
    messages <- c(messages, paste0(nrow(zip.urls), " files successfully downloaded to ", filepath))
  }

  writeLines(paste0(messages[-1], collapse = "\n"))
}

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neonUtilities documentation built on April 15, 2022, 1:06 a.m.