roles: Manually Alter Roles

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Examples

Description

update_role() alters an existing role in the recipe or assigns an initial role to variables that do not yet have a declared role.

add_role() adds an additional role to variables that already have a role in the recipe. It does not overwrite old roles, as a single variable can have multiple roles.

remove_role() eliminates a single existing role in the recipe.

Usage

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add_role(recipe, ..., new_role = "predictor", new_type = NULL)

update_role(recipe, ..., new_role = "predictor", old_role = NULL)

remove_role(recipe, ..., old_role)

Arguments

recipe

An existing recipe().

...

One or more selector functions to choose which variables are being assigned a role. See selections() for more details.

new_role

A character string for a single role.

new_type

A character string for specific type that the variable should be identified as. If left as NULL, the type is automatically identified as the first type you see for that variable in summary(recipe).

old_role

A character string for the specific role to update for the variables selected by .... update_role() accepts a NULL as long as the variables have only a single role.

Details

update_role() should be used when a variable doesn't currently have a role in the recipe, or to replace an old_role with a new_role. add_role() only adds additional roles to variables that already have roles and will throw an error when the current role is missing (i.e. NA).

When using add_role(), if a variable is selected that already has the new_role, a warning is emitted and that variable is skipped so no duplicate roles are added.

Adding or updating roles is a useful way to group certain variables that don't fall in the standard "predictor" bucket. You can perform a step on all of the variables that have a custom role with the selector has_role().

Value

An updated recipe object.

Examples

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library(recipes)
library(modeldata)
data(biomass)

# Using the formula method, roles are created for any outcomes and predictors:
recipe(HHV ~ ., data = biomass) %>%
  summary()

# However `sample` and `dataset` aren't predictors. Since they already have
# roles, `update_role()` can be used to make changes:
recipe(HHV ~ ., data = biomass) %>%
  update_role(sample, new_role = "id variable") %>%
  update_role(dataset, new_role = "splitting variable") %>%
  summary()

# `update_role()` cannot set a role to NA, use `remove_role()` for that
## Not run: 
recipe(HHV ~ ., data = biomass) %>%
  update_role(sample, new_role = NA_character_)

## End(Not run)

# ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# Variables can have more than one role. `add_role()` can be used
# if the column already has at least one role:
recipe(HHV ~ ., data = biomass) %>%
  add_role(carbon, sulfur, new_role = "something") %>%
  summary()

# `update_role()` has an argument called `old_role` that is required to
# unambiguously update a role when the column currently has multiple roles.
recipe(HHV ~ ., data = biomass) %>%
  add_role(carbon, new_role = "something") %>%
  update_role(carbon, new_role = "something else", old_role = "something") %>%
  summary()

# `carbon` has two roles at the end, so the last `update_roles()` fails since
# `old_role` was not given.
## Not run: 
recipe(HHV ~ ., data = biomass) %>%
  add_role(carbon, sulfur, new_role = "something") %>%
  update_role(carbon, new_role = "something else")

## End(Not run)

# ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# To remove a role, `remove_role()` can be used to remove a single role.
recipe(HHV ~ ., data = biomass) %>%
  add_role(carbon, new_role = "something") %>%
  remove_role(carbon, old_role = "something") %>%
  summary()

# To remove all roles, call `remove_role()` multiple times to reset to `NA`
recipe(HHV ~ ., data = biomass) %>%
  add_role(carbon, new_role = "something") %>%
  remove_role(carbon, old_role = "something") %>%
  remove_role(carbon, old_role = "predictor") %>%
  summary()

# ------------------------------------------------------------------------------

# If the formula method is not used, all columns have a missing role:
recipe(biomass) %>%
  summary()

recipes documentation built on July 2, 2020, 4:02 a.m.