permutationTest: Monte Carlo Permutation Test for Paired Individual Scores

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Author(s) See Also Examples

View source: R/permutationTest.R

Description

As test statistic the difference between mean scores from model A and mean scores from model B is used. Under the null hypothesis of no difference, the actually observed difference between mean scores should not be notably different from the distribution of the test statistic under permutation. As the computation of all possible permutations is only feasible for small datasets, a random sample of permutations is used to obtain the null distribution. The resulting p-value thus depends on the .Random.seed.

Usage

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permutationTest(score1, score2, nPermutation = 9999,
                plot = FALSE, verbose = FALSE)

Arguments

score1, score2

numeric vectors of scores to compare

nPermutation

number of random permutations to conduct

plot

logical indicating if a truehist of the nPermutation permutation test statistics should be plotted with a vertical line marking the observed difference of the means. To customize the histogram, plot can also be a list of arguments for truehist replacing internal defaults.

verbose

logical indicating if the results should be printed in one line.

Details

For each permutation, we first randomly assign the membership of the n individual scores to either model A or B with probability 0.5. We then compute the respective difference in mean for model A and B in this permuted set of scores. The Monte Carlo p-value is then given by (1 + #permuted differences larger than observed difference (in absolute value)) / (1 + nPermutation).

Value

a list of the following elements:

diffObs

observed difference in mean scores, i.e., mean(score1) - mean(score2)

pVal.permut

p-value of the permutation test

pVal.t

p-value of the corresponding t.test(score1, score2, paired=TRUE)

Author(s)

Michaela Paul with contributions by Sebastian Meyer

See Also

scores to obtain individual scores for oneStepAhead predictions from a model.

Package coin for a comprehensive permutation test framework, specifically its function symmetry_test to compare paired samples.

Examples

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permutationTest(rnorm(50, 1.5), rnorm(50, 1), plot = TRUE)

Example output

Loading required package: sp
Loading required package: xtable
Loading required package: polyCub
This is surveillance 1.14.0. For overview type 'help(surveillance)'.
$diffObs
[1] 0.3786282

$pVal.permut
[1] 0.0795

$pVal.t
[1] 0.07449059

surveillance documentation built on July 25, 2018, 1:01 a.m.