kin-class: Class "kin" for kinetic model storage.

Description Details Objects from the Class Slots Extends Author(s) References See Also Examples

Description

kin is the class for kinetic models; an object of class "kin" is initialized if mod_type = "kin" is an argument of initModel. All objects of class kin are sub-classes of class dat; see documentation for dat for a description of these slots.

Details

See dat-class for an example of the initialization of a kin object via the initModel function.

Objects from the Class

Objects can be created by calls of the form new("kin", ...) or kin(...). Slots whose description are marked with *** may be specified in the ... argument of the initModel function.

Slots

anipar
anispec
autoclp0
C2
chinde
clinde
clp0
clpCon
clpdep
clpequ
clpequspecBD
clpType
cohcol
cohirf
datafile
datCall
drel
dscalspec
E2
fixed
fixedkmat
free
fvecind
getX
getXsuper
highcon
inten
kin2scal
kinpar2
kinscalspecial
kinscalspecialspec
lclp0
lclpequ
title
parnames
prel
prelspec
psi.df
psi.weight
pvecind
satMat
scalx
usecompnames0
usecompnamesequ
usekin2
weight
weightList
weightM
weightpar
weightsmooth
x
x2
clpequspec
compnames
constrained
iter
lightregimespec
lowcon
makeps
mhist
mod_type
mvecind
ncomp
nl
nt
nvecind
outMat
positivepar
sigma
simdata
speckin2
kinpar

*** vector of rate constants to be used as starting values for the exponential decay of components; the length of this vector determines the number of components of the kinetic model.

specpar:

*** Object of class "list" parameters for spectral constraints

seqmod:

*** Object of class "logical" that is TRUE if a sequential model is to be applied and FALSE otherwise

irf:

Object of class "logical" that is TRUE is an IRF is modeled and FALSE otherwise

mirf:

Object of class "logical" that is TRUE if a measured IRF is modeled and FALSE otherwise

measured_irf:

*** Object of class "vector" containing a measured IRF

convalg:

*** Object of class "numeric" 1-3 determining the numerical convolution algorithm used in the case of modeling a measured IRF; if 3 then supply a reference lifetime in the slot reftau.

reftau:

*** Object of class "numeric" containing a reference lifetime to be used when convalg=3

irffun:

*** Object of class "character" describing the function to use to describe the IRF, by default "gaus"

irfpar:

*** Object of class "vector" of IRF parameters; for the common Gaussian IRF this vector is ordered c(location, width)

dispmu:

Object of class "logical" that is TRUE if dispersion of the parameter for IRF location is to be modeled and FALSE otherwise

dispmufun:

***Object of class "character" describing the functional form of the dispersion of the IRF location parameter; if equal to "discrete" then the IRF location is shifted per element of x2 and parmu should have the same length as x2. defaults to a polynomial description

parmu:

*** Object of class "list" of starting values for the dispersion model for the IRF location

disptau:

Object of class "logical" that is TRUE if dispersion of the parameter for IRF width is to be modeled and FALSE otherwise

disptaufun:

*** Object of class "character" describing the functional form of the dispersion of the IRF width parameter; if equal to "discrete" then the IRF width is parameterized per element of x2 and partau should have the same length as x2. defaults to a polynomial description

partau:

*** Object of class "vector" of starting values for the dispersion model for the IRF FWHM

fullk:

Object of class "logical" that is TRUE if the data are to be modeled using a compartmental model defined in a K matrix and FALSE otherwise

kmat:

*** Object of class "array" containing the K matrix descriptive of a compartmental model

jvec:

*** Object of class "vector" containing the J vector descriptive of the inputs to a compartmental model

ncolc:

Object of class "vector" describing the number of columns of the C matrix for each clp in x2

kinscal:

*** Object of class "vector" of starting values for branching parameters in a compartmental model

kmatfit:

Object of class "array" of fitted values for a compartmental model

cohspec:

*** Object of class "list" describing the model for coherent artifact/scatter component(s) containing the element type and optionally the element numdatasets. The element type can be set as follows:

"irf":

if type="irf", the coherent artifact/scatter has the time profile of the IRF.

"freeirfdisp":

if type="freeirfdisp", the coherent artifact/scatter has a Gaussian time profile whose location and width are parameterized in the vector coh.

"irfmulti":

if type="irfmulti" the time profile of the IRF is used for the coherent artifact/scatter model, but the IRF parameters are taken per dataset (for the multidataset case), and the integer argument numdatasets must be equal to the number of datasets modeled.

"seq":

if type="seq" a sequential exponential decay model is applied, whose starting value are contained in an additional list element start. This often models oscillating behavior well, where the number of oscillations is the number of parameter starting values given in start. The starting values after optimization will be found in the slot coh of the object of class theta corresponding to each dataset modeled.

"mix":

if type="mix" if type="mix" a sequential exponential decay model is applied along with a model that follows the time profile of the IRF; the coherent artifact/scatter is then a linear superposition of these two models; see the above description of seq for how to supply the starting values.

coh:

*** Object of class "vector" of starting values for the parameterization of a coherent artifact

oscspec:

*** Object of class "list" describing the model for additional oscillation component(s) containing the element type and optionally the element start. The element start can be used to specificy the starting values for the oscillation function. The element type can be set as follows:

"harmonic":

if type="harmonic", the oscillation function is a damped harmonic oscillator.

oscpar:

*** Object of class "vector" of starting values for the oscillation parameters

wavedep:

Object of class "logical" describing whether the kinetic model is dependent on x2 index (i.e., whether there is clp-dependence)

lambdac:

*** Object of class "numeric" for the center wavelength to be used in a polynomial description of x2-dependence

amplitudes:

*** Object of class "vector" that may be used to multiply the concentrations by a square diagonal matrix with the number of columns that the concentration matrix has; the diagonal is given in amplitudes and these values will be treated as parameters to be optimized.

streak:

*** Object of class "logical" that defaults to FALSE; if streak=TRUE then the period of the laser is expected via streakT.

streakT:

*** Object of class "numeric" the period of the laser; this will be used to add a backsweep term to the concentration matrix and should be set in conjunction streak=TRUE.

doublegaus:

*** Object of class "logical" that defaults to FALSE and determines whether a double Gaussian should be used to model the IRF. If doublegaus=TRUE then irfpar should contain four numeric values corresponding to the location (mean) of the IRF, the FWHM of the first Gaussian, the FWHM of the second Gaussian, and the relative amplitude of the second Gaussian, respectively.

multiplegaus:

*** Object of class "logical" that defaults to FALSE and determines whether multiple Gaussians should be used to model the IRF. If multiplegaus=TRUE then irfpar should contain: two numeric values corresponding to the location (mean) and the FWHM of the first Gaussian of the IRF, and three numeric values for each additional gaussian modeled, corresponding to the relative scaling to the first gaussian, the shift (in time) relative to the first gaussian and the FWHM of the additonal Gaussian, respectively.

numericalintegration:

*** Object of class "logical" that defaults to FALSE and determines whether a kinetic theory model of a reaction mechanism should be numerically integrated (using deSolve) to find the concentrations. If numericalintegration=TRUE then initialvals should specify the initial concentrations and reactantstoichiometrymatrix and stoichiometrymatrix should specify the reaction mechanism, as per Puxty et. al. (2006).

initialvals:

*** Object of class "vector" giving the concentrations at the initial time step.

reactantstoichiometrymatrix:

*** Object of class "vector" giving the (integer) stoichiometric coefficients for the reactants; this is the matrix Xr of Puxty et. al. (2006) with dim=NULL.

stoichiometrymatrix:

*** Object of class "vector" giving the (integer) stoichiometric coefficients for the reactions; this is the matrix X of Puxty et. al. (2006) with dim=NULL.

Extends

Class dat-class, directly.

Author(s)

Katharine M. Mullen, David Nicolaides, Ivo H. M. van Stokkum

References

Puxty, G., Maeder, M., and Hungerbuhler, K. (2006) Tutorial on the fitting of kinetics models to mulivariate spectroscopic measurements with non-linear least-squares regression, Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems 81, 149-164.

See Also

dat-class, spec-class

Examples

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## Example in modeling second order kinetics, by
## David Nicolaides.

## On simulated data.

##############################
## load TIMP
##############################

library("TIMP")

##############################
## SIMULATE DATA
##############################

## set up the Example problem, a la in-situ UV-Vis spectroscopy of a simple
## reaction.
## A + 2B -> C + D, 2C -> E

cstart <- c(A = 1.0, B = 0.8, C = 0.0, D = 0.0, E = 0.0)
times <- c(seq(0,2, length=21), seq(3,10, length=8))
k <- c(kA = 0.5, k2C = 1)

## stoichiometry matrices

rsmatrix <- c(1,2,0,0,0,0,0,2,0,0)
smatrix <- c(-1,-2,1,1,0,0,0,-2,0,1)
concentrations <- calcD(k, times, cstart, rsmatrix, smatrix)

wavelengths <- seq(500, 700, by=2)
spectra <- matrix(nrow = length(wavelengths), ncol = length(cstart))
location <- c(550, 575, 625, 650, 675)
delta <- c(10, 10, 10, 10, 10)
spectra[, 1] <- exp( - log(2) *
(2 * (wavelengths - location[1])/delta[1])^2)
spectra[, 2] <- exp( - log(2) *
(2 * (wavelengths - location[2])/delta[2])^2)
spectra[, 3] <- exp( - log(2) *
(2 * (wavelengths - location[3])/delta[3])^2)
spectra[, 4] <- exp( - log(2) *
(2 * (wavelengths - location[4])/delta[4])^2)
spectra[, 5] <- exp( - log(2) *
(2 * (wavelengths - location[5])/delta[5])^2)

sigma <- .001
Psi_q <- concentrations %*% t(spectra) + sigma *
  rnorm(dim(concentrations)[1] * dim(spectra)[1])

## store the simulated data in an object of class "dat"
kinetic_data <- dat(psi.df=Psi_q , x = times, nt = length(times),
 x2 = wavelengths, nl = length(wavelengths))

##############################
## DEFINE MODEL 
##############################

## starting values
kstart <- c(kA = 1, k2C = 0.5)

## model definition for 2nd order kinetics
kinetic_model <- initModel(mod_type = "kin", seqmod = FALSE,
                           kinpar = kstart,
                           numericalintegration = TRUE,
                           initialvals = cstart, 
                           reactantstoichiometrymatrix = rsmatrix, 
                           stoichiometrymatrix = smatrix )

##############################
## FIT INITIAL MODEL 
## adding constraints to non-negativity of the
## spectra via the opt option nnls=TRUE
##############################

kinetic_fit <- fitModel(data=list(kinetic_data),
                        modspec = list(kinetic_model),
                        opt = kinopt(nnls = TRUE, iter=80,
                        selectedtraces = seq(1,kinetic_data@nl,by=2)))

## look at estimated parameters

parEst(kinetic_fit)

## various results

## concentrations 

conRes <- getX(kinetic_fit)

matplot(times, conRes, type="b", col=1,pch=21, bg=1:5, xlab="time (sec)",
        ylab="concentrations", main="Concentrations (2nd order kinetics)")
                        
                        
## spectra 

specRes <- getCLP(kinetic_fit)

matplot(wavelengths, specRes, type="b", col=1,pch=21, bg=1:5,
        xlab="wavelength (nm)",
        ylab="amplitude", main="Spectra")

## see help(getResults) for how to get more results information from
## kinetic_fit

TIMP documentation built on May 31, 2017, 2:21 a.m.

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