# estimate_correlation: Correlation Dimension In Rdimtools: Dimension Reduction and Estimation Methods

 est.correlation R Documentation

## Correlation Dimension

### Description

Correlation dimension is a measure of determining the dimension of a given set. It is often referred to as a type of fractal dimension. Its mechanism is somewhat similar to that of box-counting dimension, but has the advantage of being intuitive as well as efficient in terms of computation with some robustness contingent on the lack of availability for large dataset.

dim(S) = \lim \frac{\log C(r)}{\log r}

as r\rightarrow 0, where C(r)=\lim (2/(N-1)*N)∑_i^N ∑_{j=i+1}^N I(\|x_i-x_j\|≤ r).

### Usage

est.correlation(X, nlevel = 50, method = c("lm", "cut"), cut = c(0.1, 0.9))

### Arguments

 X an (n\times p) matrix or data frame whose rows are observations. nlevel the number of r (radius) to be tested. method method to estimate the intrinsic dimension; "lm" for fitting a linear model for the entire grid of values, and "cut" to trim extreme points. "cut" method is more robust. cut a vector of ratios for computing estimated dimension in (0,1).

### Value

a named list containing containing

estdim

estimated dimension using cut values.

r

Cr

a vector of C(r) as decribed above.

### Determining the dimension

Even though we could use arbitrary cut to compute estimated dimension, it is also possible to use visual inspection. According to the theory, if the function returns an output, we can plot plot(log(output$r), log(output$Cr)) and use the linear slope in the middle as desired dimension of data.

### Automatic choice of r

The least value for radius r must have non-degenerate counts, while the maximal value should be the maximum distance among all pairs of data points across all coordinates. nlevel controls the number of interim points in a log-equidistant manner.

Kisung You

### References

\insertRef

grassberger_measuring_1983Rdimtools

est.boxcount

### Examples

## generate three different dataset
set.seed(1)
X1 = aux.gensamples(dname="swiss")
X2 = aux.gensamples(dname="ribbon")
X3 = aux.gensamples(dname="twinpeaks")

## compute
out1 = est.correlation(X1)
out2 = est.correlation(X2)
out3 = est.correlation(X3)

## visually verify : all should have approximate slope of 2.
plot(log(out1$r), log(out1$Cr), main="swiss roll")
plot(log(out2$r), log(out2$Cr), main="ribbon")
plot(log(out3$r), log(out3$Cr), main="twinpeaks")