R/DAU.test.R

Defines functions DAU.test

Documented in DAU.test

DAU.test <-
  function (block, trt, y, method = c("lsd","tukey"),alpha=0.05,group=TRUE,console=FALSE)
  {
    method<-match.arg(method)
    if(method =="lsd") snk=5
    if(method =="tukey") snk=6
    block.unadj <- as.factor(block)
    trt.adj <- as.factor(trt)
    block.adj <- as.factor(block)
    trt.unadj <- as.factor(trt)
    name.y <- paste(deparse(substitute(y)))
    name.t <- paste(deparse(substitute(trt)))
    modelo1 <- formula(paste(name.y,"~ block.unadj + trt.adj"))
    model1 <- lm(modelo1)
    glerror <- df.residual(model1)
    MSerror <- deviance(model1)/glerror
    modelo2 <- formula(paste(name.y,"~ trt.unadj + block.adj"))
    model2 <- lm(modelo2)
    r <- unique(table(trt.adj))
    b <- nlevels(block.unadj)
    ntr <- nlevels(trt.adj)  # nro trt
    medians<-tapply.stat(y,trt.adj,stat="median")
    for(i in c(1,5,2:4)) {
      x <- tapply.stat(y,trt.adj,function(x)quantile(x)[i])
      medians<-cbind(medians,x[,2])
    }
    medians<-medians[,3:7]
    names(medians)<-c("Min","Max","Q25","Q50","Q75")
    Means<-tapply.stat(y,trt, function(x) mean(x,na.rm=TRUE))
    n.rep <- tapply.stat(y, trt, function(x) length(na.omit(x)))
    sds<- tapply.stat(y, trt, function(x) sd(x,na.rm=TRUE))
    std.err<-sds[,2]/sqrt(n.rep[,2])
    Means<-data.frame(Means,std=sds[,2],r=n.rep[,2],medians)
    names(Means)[1:2] <- c(name.t, name.y)
    mean.y<- mean( y, na.rm=TRUE )
    nameTrt<-Means[,1] 
    #mean.block<- data.frame(mean.block,ri=mean.block[,2]-mean.y )
    r.trt<-tapply.stat( y, trt, length)
    names(r.trt)[2]="N"
    r.trt<-data.frame(r.trt,control=r.trt[,2]==b,means=Means[,2],mean.adj =Means[,2], 
                      block="",std.err=sqrt(MSerror/r.trt[,2]))
    r.trt[,6]<-as.character(r.trt[,6])
    estado <- NULL 
    n<-length(y)
    for (i in 1:n) {
      for (j in 1:ntr) {
        if (trt[i] == r.trt[j,1]) {
          estado[i]<-r.trt[j,3];
          break;
        }
      }}
    datos <- data.frame(block, trt, y, control=estado)
    mean.block<-tapply.stat( datos[datos$control,3],datos[datos$control,1], function(x) mean(x,na.rm=TRUE))
    mean.y<- mean( datos[datos$control,3], na.rm=TRUE )
    mean.yy<-mean( datos[,3], na.rm=TRUE )
    mean.block<- data.frame(mean.block,ri=mean.block[,2]-mean.y )
    tc<-sum(datos[,3])^2/n
    # treatment unadjusted
    # comunes vs aumentando
    sc1<-sum(datos[datos$control,3])^2/length(datos[datos$control,3]) + 
      sum(datos[!datos$control,3])^2/length(datos[!datos$control,3]) - tc
    # entre comunes
    unadj <- datos[datos$control,1:3]
    sc2 <- anova(lm(unadj[,3] ~ unadj[,2]))[1,2]
    # entre aumentados
    sc3 <- anova(model2)[1,2] - sc1 - sc2
    # treatment adjusted    
    # Comunes + comunes vs aumentados
    A1 <- anova(model1)
    sc4<- A1[2,2] - sc2 
    A1 <- rbind(A1,A1[3,],A1[3,])
    rownames(A1)[3:5]<-c("Control","Control + control.VS.aug.","Residuals")
    A1[3,1]<-length(r.trt[r.trt$control,3]) - 1
    A1[4,1]<-ntr-length(r.trt[r.trt$control,3])
    A1[3,2]<-sc2
    A1[4,2]<-sc4
    A1[3,3]<-A1[3,2]/A1[3,1]
    A1[4,3]<-A1[4,2]/A1[4,1]
    A1[3,4]<-A1[3,3]/A1[5,3]
    A1[4,4]<-A1[4,3]/A1[5,3]
    A1[3,5]<-1-pf(A1[3,4],A1[3,1],A1[5,1])
    A1[4,5]<-1-pf(A1[4,4],A1[4,1],A1[5,1])
    A1[1,4]<-NA
    A1[1,5]<-NA    
    A2<- anova(model2)
    A2<- rbind(A2,A2[3,],A2[3,],A2[3,])
    rownames(A2)[3:6]<-c("Control","Augmented","Control vs augmented","Residuals")
    A2[3,1]<-length(r.trt[r.trt$control,3]) - 1
    A2[4,1]<-length(r.trt[!r.trt$control,3]) - 1
    A2[5,1]<-1
    A2[3,2]<-sc2
    A2[4,2]<-sc3
    A2[5,2]<-sc1
    A2[3,3]<-A2[3,2]/A2[3,1]
    A2[4,3]<-A2[4,2]/A2[4,1]
    A2[5,3]<-A2[5,2]/A2[5,1]
    A2[3,4]<-A2[3,3]/A2[6,3]
    A2[4,4]<-A2[4,3]/A2[6,3]
    A2[5,4]<-A2[5,3]/A2[6,3]
    A2[3,5]<-1-pf(A2[3,4],A2[3,1],A2[6,1])
    A2[4,5]<-1-pf(A2[4,4],A2[4,1],A2[6,1])        
    A2[5,5]<-1-pf(A2[5,4],A2[5,1],A2[6,1])
    A2[1,4]<-NA
    A2[1,5]<-NA
    # Calcula mean adj y ubica el bloque
    for(i in 1:ntr) {
      if(!r.trt[i,3]) {
        for(j in 1:n) {
          if(datos[j,2]== r.trt[i,1] ) {
            marca<-as.character(datos[j,1])
            break
          }
        }
        for(l in 1:b) {
          if(mean.block[l,1]==marca) {
            r.trt[i,6] <- marca
            r.trt[i,5] <- r.trt[i,5]- mean.block[l,3]
            break
          }
        }
      }
    }
    n.rep
    # matriz variancia
    comunes<-sum(r.trt[,3])
    V<-diag(0,ntr)
    rownames(V)<-r.trt[,1]
    colnames(V)<-r.trt[,1]  
    for(i in 1:ntr){
      for(j in 1:ntr) {
        if(i!=j) {
          if (r.trt[i,3]& r.trt[j,3])   V[i,j]<- 2/b
          if (!r.trt[i,3]&!r.trt[j,3])  {
            if(r.trt[i,6]==r.trt[j,6] ) V[i,j]<- 2
            else  V[i,j]<- 2*(1+1/comunes)
          }
          if (r.trt[i,3] != r.trt[j,3]) V[i,j]<- 1+1/b+1/comunes-1/(b*comunes)
          
        }}}
    V<-MSerror*V
    #
    CV<-round(cv.model(model1), 1)
    if(console){
      cat("\nANALYSIS DAU: ", name.y, "\nClass level information\n")
      cat("\nBlock: ", unique(as.character(block)))
      cat("\nTrt  : ", as.character(r.trt[,1]))
      cat("\n\nNumber of observations: ", length(y), "\n")
      cat("\nANOVA, Treatment Adjusted\n")
      print(A1)
      cat("\nANOVA, Block Adjusted\n")
      print(A2)
      cat("\ncoefficient of variation:", CV, "%\n")
      cat(name.y, "Means:", mean.yy, "\n")
    }
    SE.dif<-rbind(sqrt(2*MSerror/b),sqrt(2*MSerror),sqrt(2*MSerror*(1+1/comunes)),
                  sqrt(MSerror*(1+1/b+1/comunes-1/(b*comunes))))
    rownames(SE.dif)<- c("Two Control Treatments","Two Augmented Treatments (Same Block)",
                         "Two Augmented Treatments(Different Blocks)","A Augmented Treatment and A Control Treatment")
    colnames(SE.dif)<-"Std Error Diff."
    #    cat("\nCritical Differences (Between)         Std Error Diff.\n")
    if(console){cat("\nCritical Differences (Between)\n")
      print(SE.dif)
      cat("\n")}   

      #	Omeans<-order(mean.adj,decreasing = TRUE)
      #	Ordindex<-order(Omeans)
      comb <- utils::combn(ntr, 2)
      nn <- ncol(comb)
      dif <- rep(0, nn)
      sig <- rep(" ",nn)
      pvalue <- dif
      odif<-dif
      for (k in 1:nn) {
        i <- comb[1, k]
        j <- comb[2, k]
        dif[k] <- r.trt[i, 5] - r.trt[j, 5]
        tc <- abs(dif[k])/sqrt(V[i,j])
        if (method == "lsd")
          pvalue[k] <- 2 * round(1 - pt(tc, glerror), 4)
        if (method == "tukey")
          pvalue[k] <- round(1 - ptukey(tc*sqrt(2), ntr, glerror), 4)
        sig[k]<-" "
        if (pvalue[k] <= 0.001) sig[k]<-"***"
        else  if (pvalue[k] <= 0.01) sig[k]<-"**"
        else  if (pvalue[k] <= 0.05) sig[k]<-"*"
        else  if (pvalue[k] <= 0.1) sig[k]<-"."
      }
      groups <- NULL
      tr.i <- nameTrt[comb[1, ]]
      tr.j <- nameTrt[comb[2, ]]
      comparison<-data.frame("Difference" = dif, pvalue=pvalue,"sig."=sig)
      rownames(comparison)<-paste(tr.i,tr.j,sep=" - ")
 
    if (group) {
      # Matriz de probabilidades para segmentar grupos
      Q<-matrix(1,ncol=ntr,nrow=ntr)
      p<-pvalue
      k<-0
      for(i in 1:(ntr-1)){
        for(j in (i+1):ntr){
          k<-k+1
          Q[i,j]<-p[k]
          Q[j,i]<-p[k]
        }
      }
      groups <- orderPvalue(r.trt[,1], r.trt[,5],alpha, Q,console)
      names(groups)[1]<-name.y
      if(console) {
      cat("\nTreatments with the same letter are not significantly different.\n\n")
      print(groups)
      } 
      comparison<-NULL
    }     
    
    if(console){cat("\nComparison between treatments means\n")
      cat("\n<<< to see the objects: comparison and means  >>>\n\n")}
    means<-data.frame(Means,mean.adj=r.trt[,5],SE=r.trt[,7],block=r.trt[,6])
    rownames(means)<- means[,1]
    means<-means[,-1]
    parameters<-data.frame(test="DAU",name.t=name.t,ntr = ntr,Controls=comunes,
                           Augmented=ntr-comunes,blocks=b,alpha=alpha)
    statistics<-data.frame(Mean=mean.yy,CV=CV)
    rownames(parameters)<-" "
    rownames(statistics)<-" "
    output<-list(means = means, parameters=parameters, statistics=statistics,
                 comparison=comparison,groups=groups,SE.difference=SE.dif,vartau = V)
    class(output)<-"group"
    invisible(output)
  }

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agricolae documentation built on Sept. 13, 2017, 1:03 a.m.