fdPar: Define a Functional Parameter Object

View source: R/fdPar.R

fdParR Documentation

Define a Functional Parameter Object


Functional parameter objects are used as arguments to functions that estimate functional parameters, such as smoothing functions like smooth.basis. A functional parameter object is a functional data object with additional slots specifying a roughness penalty, a smoothing parameter and whether or not the functional parameter is to be estimated or held fixed. Functional parameter objects are used as arguments to functions that estimate functional parameters.


  fdPar(fdobj=NULL, Lfdobj=NULL, lambda=0, estimate=TRUE, penmat=NULL)



a functional data object, functional basis object, a functional parameter object or a matrix. If it a matrix, it is replaced by fd(fdobj). If class(fdobj) == 'basisfd', it is converted to an object of class fd with a coefficient matrix consisting of a single column of zeros.


either a nonnegative integer or a linear differential operator object.

If NULL, Lfdobj depends on fdobj[['basis']][['type']]:


Lfdobj <- int2Lfd(max(0, norder-2)), where norder = norder(fdobj).


Lfdobj = a harmonic acceleration operator: Lfdobj <- vec2Lfd(c(0,(2*pi/diff(rng))^2,0), rng) where rng = fdobj[['basis']][['rangeval']].

anything else

Lfdobj <- int2Lfd(0)


a nonnegative real number specifying the amount of smoothing to be applied to the estimated functional parameter.


not currently used.


a roughness penalty matrix. Including this can eliminate the need to compute this matrix over and over again in some types of calculations.


Functional parameters are often needed to specify initial values for iteratively refined estimates, as is the case in functions register.fd and smooth.monotone.

Often a list of functional parameters must be supplied to a function as an argument, and it may be that some of these parameters are considered known and must remain fixed during the analysis. This is the case for functions fRegress and pda.fd, for example.


a functional parameter object (i.e., an object of class fdPar), which is a list with the following components:


a functional data object (i.e., with class fd)


a linear differential operator object (i.e., with class Lfd)


a nonnegative real number


not currently used


either NULL or a square, symmetric matrix with penmat[i, j] = integral over fd[['basis']][['rangeval']] of basis[i]*basis[j]


Ramsay, James O., and Silverman, Bernard W. (2006), Functional Data Analysis, 2nd ed., Springer, New York.

Ramsay, James O., and Silverman, Bernard W. (2002), Applied Functional Data Analysis, Springer, New York

See Also

cca.fd, density.fd, fRegress, intensity.fd, pca.fd, smooth.fdPar, smooth.basis, smooth.monotone, int2Lfd


oldpar <- par(no.readonly=TRUE)
## Simple example
#  set up range for density
rangeval <- c(-3,3)
#  set up some standard normal data
x <- rnorm(50)
#  make sure values within the range
x[x < -3] <- -2.99
x[x >  3] <-  2.99
#  set up basis for W(x)
basisobj <- create.bspline.basis(rangeval, 11)
#  set up initial value for Wfdobj
Wfd0 <- fd(matrix(0,11,1), basisobj)
WfdParobj <- fdPar(Wfd0)

WfdP3 <- fdPar(seq(-3, 3, length=11))

##  smooth the Canadian daily temperature data
#    set up the fourier basis
nbasis   <- 365
dayrange <- c(0,365)
daybasis <- create.fourier.basis(dayrange, nbasis)
dayperiod <- 365
harmaccelLfd <- vec2Lfd(c(0,(2*pi/365)^2,0), dayrange)
#  Make temperature fd object
#  Temperature data are in 12 by 365 matrix tempav
#    See analyses of weather data.
#  Set up sampling points at mid days
daytime  <- (1:365)-0.5
#  Convert the data to a functional data object
daybasis65 <- create.fourier.basis(dayrange, nbasis, dayperiod)
templambda <- 1e1
tempfdPar  <- fdPar(fdobj=daybasis65, Lfdobj=harmaccelLfd,

#tempfd <- smooth.basis(CanadianWeather$tempav, daytime, tempfdPar)$fd
#  Set up the harmonic acceleration operator
Lbasis  <- create.constant.basis(dayrange);
Lcoef   <- matrix(c(0,(2*pi/365)^2,0),1,3)
bfdobj  <- fd(Lcoef,Lbasis)
bwtlist <- fd2list(bfdobj)
harmaccelLfd <- Lfd(3, bwtlist)
#  Define the functional parameter object for
#  smoothing the temperature data
lambda   <- 0.01  #  minimum GCV estimate
#tempPar <- fdPar(daybasis365, harmaccelLfd, lambda)
#  smooth the data
#tempfd <- smooth.basis(daytime, CanadialWeather$tempav, tempPar)$fd
#  plot the temperature curves

## with rangeval of class Date and POSIXct

fda documentation built on May 29, 2024, 11:26 a.m.