Computes the matrix defining the roughness penalty for functions expressed in terms of a power basis.
a power basis object.
either a nonnegative integer or a linear differential operator object.
A roughness penalty for a function $ x(t) $ is defined by integrating the square of either the derivative of $ x(t) $ or, more generally, the result of applying a linear differential operator $ L $ to it. The most common roughness penalty is the integral of the square of the second derivative, and this is the default. To apply this roughness penalty, the matrix of inner products produced by this function is necessary.
a symmetric matrix of order equal to the number of basis functions
defined by the power basis object. Each element is the inner product
of two power basis functions after applying the derivative or linear
differential operator defined by
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