idem-package | R Documentation |

This package contains the functions for drawing inference in randomized clinical trials with death and intermittent missingness.

Consider a two-arm randomized study. Let `Y_k`

denote outcome measured at
time `t_k`

and `Z`

denote a functional endpoint that is a function of
`Y`

. Let `L`

denote the survival time. Let `X`

denote the
baseline covariates and `T`

denote the treatment assignment.

If two subject were both alive at the end of the study, they are ranked based
on functional outcome `Z`

. If at least one subject was dead at the end of
the study, they are ranked based on survival time `L`

.

Treatment effect, `\theta`

is defined as the probability that the outcome
for a random individual randomized to treatment `T=0`

is less than the
outcome of a random individual randomized to treatment `T=1`

minus the
probability that the outcome for a random individual randomized to treatment
`T=0`

is greater than the outcome of a random individual randomized to treatment
`T=1`

.

In order to estimate `\theta`

in the presence of missing data, we need to
impute `Z`

for subjects alive at the end of the study with `Y_k`

missing
for some `k`

.

The benchmark assumption we consider for the imputation is the complete case missing value (CCMV) restrictions. We then consider exponential tilting models for introducing sensitivity parameters for evaluating the robustness of the findings with regards to different missing data mechanism assumptions. The models are as follows:

```
f(Y^{(s)}_{mis} | Y^{(s)}_{obs}, Y_0, X, T,S=s) \propto \exp(
\beta_T Z) f(Y^{(s)}_{mis} | Y^{(s)}_{obs}, Y_0, X, T,S=1)
```

where `S`

denotes the missingness patterns, `S=1`

denotes the
completers and `\beta_T`

denotes the sensitivity parameter for arm `T`

.

This package provides a web-based GUI. See `imShiny`

for
details.

Wang C, Scharfstein DO, Colantuoni E, Girard T, Yan Y (2016). Inference in Randomized Trials with Death and Missingness. <DOI:10.1111/biom.12594>

Wang C, Colantuoni E, Leroux A, Scharfstein DO (2020). idem: An R Package for Inferences in Clinical Trials with Death and Missingness. <DOI:10.18637/jss.v093.i12>

Embedding an R snippet on your website

Add the following code to your website.

For more information on customizing the embed code, read Embedding Snippets.