R/coerce.R

Defines functions rasterToImage

# Author: Robert J. Hijmans
# Date : October 2008
# Version 0.9
# Licence GPL v3


# To sp pixel/grid objects	


setAs('Raster', 'GridTopology', 
	function(from) {
		rs <- res(from)
		orig <- bbox(from)[,1] + 0.5 * rs
		GridTopology(orig, rs, dim(from)[2:1] )
	}
)

setAs('GridTopology', 'RasterLayer',
	function(from) {
		raster(extent(from), nrows=from@cells.dim[2], ncols=from@cells.dim[1])
	}
)


setAs('Raster', 'SpatialPixels', 
	function(from) {
		if (rotated(from)) {
			stop('\n Cannot coerce because the object is rotated.\n Either coerce to SpatialPoints* object\n or first use the "rectify" function')
		}	
		sp <- rasterToPoints(from, fun=NULL, spatial=FALSE)
		
		r <- raster(from)
		sp <- SpatialPoints(sp[,1:2], proj4string= crs(r))
		grd <- as(r, 'GridTopology')
		SpatialPixels(points=sp, grid=grd)
	}
)

setAs('Raster', 'SpatialPixelsDataFrame', 
	function(from) { 
		if (rotated(from)) {
			stop('\n Cannot coerce because the object is rotated.\n Either coerce to SpatialPoints* object\n or first use the "rectify" function')
		}	
		v <- rasterToPoints(from, fun=NULL, spatial=FALSE)

		r <- raster(from)
		sp <- SpatialPoints(v[,1:2], proj4string= crs(r))

		grd <- as(r, 'GridTopology')
		
		if (ncol(v) > 2) {
			v <- data.frame(v[, 3:ncol(v), drop = FALSE])
			if (any(is.factor(from))) {
				f <- levels(from)
				for (i in 1:length(f)) {
					if (!is.null(f[[i]])) {
						v[,i] <- as.factor(f[[i]][v[,i]])
					}
				}
			}
			SpatialPixelsDataFrame(points=sp, data=v, grid=grd)
		} else {
			warning('object has no values, returning a "SpatialPixels" object')
			SpatialPixels(points=sp, grid=grd)
		}
	}
)


setAs('Raster', 'SpatialGrid', 
	function(from) { 
		if (rotated(from)) {
			stop('\n Cannot coerce because the object is rotated.\n Either coerce to SpatialPoints* from\n or first use the "rectify" function')
		}	
		r <- raster(from)
		grd <- as(r, 'GridTopology')
		SpatialGrid(grd, proj4string=crs(r))
	}
)

setAs('Raster', 'SpatialGridDataFrame', 
	function(from) { 
		if (rotated(from)) {
			stop('\n Cannot coerce because the object is rotated.\n Either coerce to SpatialPoints* from\n or first use the "rectify" function')
		}	

		r <- raster(from)
		grd <- as(r, 'GridTopology')

		if (hasValues(from)) {
			sp <- SpatialGridDataFrame(grd, proj4string=crs(r), data=as.data.frame(from))
		} else { 
			warning('object has no values, returning a "SpatialGrid" object')
			sp  <- SpatialGrid(grd, proj4string=crs)
		}
		sp
	}
)


# To sp vector objects	

setAs('Raster', 'SpatialPolygons', 
	function(from){ 
		r <- rasterToPolygons(from[[1]])
		as(r, 'SpatialPolygons')
	}
)

setAs('Raster', 'SpatialPolygonsDataFrame', 
	function(from){ 
		return( rasterToPolygons(from) ) 
	} 
)

setAs('Raster', 'SpatialPoints', 
	function(from) { 
		SpatialPoints(rasterToPoints(from, spatial=FALSE)[,1:2], proj4string=projection(from, FALSE))
	}
)

setAs('Raster', 'SpatialPointsDataFrame', 
	function(from) { 
		rasterToPoints(from, spatial=TRUE)
	}
)


setAs('Extent', 'SpatialPolygons', 
	function(from){ 
		p <- rbind(c(from@xmin, from@ymin), c(from@xmin, from@ymax), c(from@xmax, from@ymax), c(from@xmax, from@ymin), c(from@xmin, from@ymin) )
		SpatialPolygons(list(Polygons(list(Polygon(p)), '1'))) 
	}
)

setAs('Extent', 'SpatialLines', 
	function(from){ 
		p <- rbind(c(from@xmin, from@ymin), c(from@xmin, from@ymax), c(from@xmax, from@ymax), c(from@xmax, from@ymin), c(from@xmin, from@ymin) )
		SpatialLines(list(Lines(list(Line(p)), '1'))) 
	}
)


setAs('Extent', 'SpatialPoints', 
	function(from){ 
		p <- cbind( x=c( from@xmin, from@xmin, from@xmax, from@xmax), y=c(from@ymin, from@ymax, from@ymin, from@ymax) )
		SpatialPoints(p)
	}
)


# to RasterLayer

setAs('SpatialGrid', 'RasterLayer', 
	function(from){ return(raster (from)) }
)

setAs('SpatialPixels', 'RasterLayer', 
	function(from){ return(raster (from)) }
)



setAs('SpatialGrid', 'BasicRaster', 
	function(from){ 
		to <- methods::new('BasicRaster')
		to@extent <- extent(from)
		crs(to) <- from@proj4string
		dim(to) <- c(from@grid@cells.dim[2], from@grid@cells.dim[1])	
		return(to)
	}
)


setAs('SpatialPixels', 'BasicRaster', 
	function(from){ 
		to <- methods::new('BasicRaster')
		to@extent <- extent(from)
		crs(to) <- from@proj4string
		dim(to) <- c(from@grid@cells.dim[2], from@grid@cells.dim[1])	
		return(to)
	}
)



# to RasterStack
setAs('SpatialGrid', 'RasterStack',
	function(from){ 
		stack(from)
	}
)

setAs('SpatialPixels', 'RasterStack', 
	function(from){
		stack(from)
	}
)


# to RasterBrick

setAs('SpatialGrid', 'RasterBrick',
	function(from){ 
		return(brick(from)) 
	}
)


setAs('SpatialPixels', 'RasterBrick', 
	function(from){ 
		return(brick(from)) 
	}
)



setAs('STFDF', 'RasterBrick', 
	function(from) {
		time <- from@time
		nc <- ncol(from@data)
		r <- raster(from@sp)
		b <- brick(r, nl=length(time) * nc)
		b <- setZ(b, rep(time, nc)) # rep changes some time formats
		names(b) <- paste(rep(colnames(from@data), each=length(time)), as.character(time), sep='')
		# need to improve this for character, factor variables
		m <- as.numeric(as.matrix(from@data))
		setValues(b, m)
	}
)


setAs('STSDF', 'RasterBrick', 
	function(from) {
		from <- as(from, 'STFDF')
		as(from, 'RasterBrick')
	}
)



# Between Raster objects
setAs('RasterStack', 'RasterLayer', 
	function(from){ return( raster(from)) }
)

setAs('RasterBrick', 'RasterLayer', 
	function(from){ return( raster(from)) }
)

setAs('RasterStack', 'RasterBrick', 
	function(from){ return( brick(from)) }
)


setAs('RasterBrick', 'RasterStack', 
	function(from){ return( stack(from)) }
)

setAs('RasterLayer', 'RasterStack', 
	function(from){ return( stack(from)) }
)

setAs('RasterLayer', 'RasterBrick', 
	function(from){ return( brick(from)) }
)

setAs('matrix', 'RasterLayer',
	function(from){ return(raster(from)) }
)

setAs('RasterLayer', 'matrix',
	function(from){ return( getValues(from, format='matrix')) }
)


#setAs('RasterLayerSparse', 'RasterLayer', function(from){ raster(from) } )

setAs('RasterLayer', 'RasterLayerSparse', 
	function(from){ 
		x <- methods::new('RasterLayerSparse')
		v <- stats::na.omit(cbind(1:ncell(from), getValues(from)))
		setValues(x, v[,2], v[,1])
	}
)



# "image" 
.rasterToImage <- function(r) {
   x <- xFromCol(r,1:ncol(r))
   y <- yFromRow(r, nrow(r):1)
   z <- t(as.matrix(r)[nrow(r):1,]) 
   list(x=x, y=y, z=z)
}

	

# spatstat
setAs('im', 'RasterLayer', 
	function(from) {
		r <- raster(nrows=from$dim[1], ncols=from$dim[2], xmn=from$xrange[1], xmx=from$xrange[2], ymn=from$yrange[1], ymx=from$yrange[2], crs='')
		r <- setValues(r, from$v)
		flip(r, direction='y')
	}
)

# adehabitat
setAs('asc', 'RasterLayer', 
	function(from) {
		d <- t(from[])
		d <- d[nrow(d):1, ]
		type <- attr(from, "type") 
		if (type == 'factor') {
			warning('factor type converted to numeric')
		}
		cz <- attr(from, "cellsize")
		xmn <- attr(from, 'xll') - 0.5 * cz
		ymn <- attr(from, 'yll') - 0.5 * cz
		xmx <- xmn + ncol(d) * cz
		ymx <- ymn + nrow(d) * cz
		e <- extent(xmn, xmx, ymn, ymx)
		d <- raster(d)
		extent(d) = e
		return(d)
	}
)


setAs('RasterLayer', 'asc', 
	function(from) {
		asc <- getValues(from, format='matrix')
		asc <- asc[nrow(asc):1, ]
		attr(asc, "cellsize") <- xres(from)
		attr(asc, "xll") <- xmin(from) + 0.5 * xres(from)
		attr(asc, "yll") <- ymin(from) + 0.5 * yres(from)
		attr(asc, "type") <- 'numeric'
		class(asc) <- "asc"		
		return(asc)	
	}
)



setAs('kasc', 'RasterBrick', 
	function(from) {
		names <- colnames(from)
		cz <- attr(from, "cellsize")
		ncol <- attr(from, 'ncol')
		nrow <- attr(from, 'nrow')
		xmn <- attr(from, 'xll') - 0.5 * cz
		ymn <- attr(from, 'yll') - 0.5 * cz
		xmx <- xmn + ncol * cz
		ymx <- ymn + nrow * cz
		e <- extent(xmn, xmx, ymn, ymx)
		b <- brick(e, nrow=nrow, ncol=ncol)
		m = matrix(NA, ncol=ncol(from), nrow=nrow(from))
		for (i in 1:ncol(m)) {
			m[,i] <- as.numeric(from[,i])
		}	
		dim(m) <- dim(from)
		b <- setValues(b, m)
		names(b) <- names
		return(b)
	}
)


setAs('kasc', 'RasterStack', 
	function(from) {
		names <- colnames(from)
		cz <- attr(from, "cellsize")
		ncol <- attr(from, 'ncol')
		nrow <- attr(from, 'nrow')
		xmn <- attr(from, 'xll') - 0.5 * cz
		ymn <- attr(from, 'yll') - 0.5 * cz
		xmx <- xmn + ncol * cz
		ymx <- ymn + nrow * cz
		e <- extent(xmn, xmx, ymn, ymx)
		r <- raster(e, nrow=nrow, ncol=ncol)
		r <- setValues(r, as.numeric(from[,1]))
		names(r) <- names[1]
		s <- stack(r)
		if (ncol(from) > 1) {
			for (i in 2:ncol(from)) {
				r <- setValues(r, as.numeric(from[,i]))
				names(r) <- names[i]
				s <- addLayer(s, r)
			}	
		}
		return(s)
	}
)


# kernel density estimate (kde) from package ks

setAs('kde', 'RasterLayer', 
	function(from) {
		x <- t(from$estimate)
		x <- x[nrow(x):1,]
		raster(x, xmn=min(from$eval.points[[1]]), xmx=max(from$eval.points[[1]]), 
					ymn=min(from$eval.points[[2]]), ymx=max(from$eval.points[[2]]) ) 
	}
)


setAs('grf', 'RasterBrick', 
	function(from) {
		x <- from$data
		if (!is.matrix(x)) {
			x <- matrix(x)
		}
		ncell <- nrow(x)
		nl <- ncol(x)
		nc <- nr <- as.integer(sqrt(ncell))
		dim(x) <- c(nr, nc, nl)
		
		x = aperm(x, perm=c(2,1,3))
		b <- brick(x)
		b <- flip(b, 'y')
		extent(b) <- extent(as.vector(apply(from$coords, 2, range)))
		b
	}
)


setAs('grf', 'RasterLayer', 
	function(from) {
		x <- from$data
		if (is.matrix(x)) {
			x <- x[,1]
		}
		ncell <- length(x)
		nc <- nr <- as.integer(sqrt(ncell))
		dim(x) <- c(nr, nc)
		x <- t(x)[nrow(x):1,]
		r <- raster(x)
		extent(r) <- extent(as.vector(apply(from$coords, 2, range)))
		r
	}
)

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raster documentation built on May 29, 2017, 3:27 p.m.