step_normalize: Center and scale numeric data

Description Usage Arguments Details Value See Also Examples

View source: R/normalize.R

Description

step_normalize creates a specification of a recipe step that will normalize numeric data to have a standard deviation of one and a mean of zero.

Usage

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step_normalize(
  recipe,
  ...,
  role = NA,
  trained = FALSE,
  means = NULL,
  sds = NULL,
  na_rm = TRUE,
  skip = FALSE,
  id = rand_id("normalize")
)

Arguments

recipe

A recipe object. The step will be added to the sequence of operations for this recipe.

...

One or more selector functions to choose variables for this step. See selections() for more details.

role

Not used by this step since no new variables are created.

trained

A logical to indicate if the quantities for preprocessing have been estimated.

means

A named numeric vector of means. This is NULL until computed by prep.recipe().

sds

A named numeric vector of standard deviations This is NULL until computed by prep.recipe().

na_rm

A logical value indicating whether NA values should be removed when computing the standard deviation and mean.

skip

A logical. Should the step be skipped when the recipe is baked by bake.recipe()? While all operations are baked when prep.recipe() is run, some operations may not be able to be conducted on new data (e.g. processing the outcome variable(s)). Care should be taken when using skip = TRUE as it may affect the computations for subsequent operations.

id

A character string that is unique to this step to identify it.

Details

Centering data means that the average of a variable is subtracted from the data. Scaling data means that the standard deviation of a variable is divided out of the data. step_normalize estimates the variable standard deviations and means from the data used in the training argument of prep.recipe. bake.recipe then applies the scaling to new data sets using these estimates.

When you tidy() this step, a tibble with columns terms (the selectors or variables selected), value (the standard deviations and means), and statistic for the type of value is returned.

Value

An updated version of recipe with the new step added to the sequence of any existing operations.

See Also

Other normalization steps: step_center(), step_range(), step_scale()

Examples

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library(modeldata)
data(biomass)

biomass_tr <- biomass[biomass$dataset == "Training",]
biomass_te <- biomass[biomass$dataset == "Testing",]

rec <- recipe(HHV ~ carbon + hydrogen + oxygen + nitrogen + sulfur,
              data = biomass_tr)

norm_trans <- rec %>%
  step_normalize(carbon, hydrogen)

norm_obj <- prep(norm_trans, training = biomass_tr)

transformed_te <- bake(norm_obj, biomass_te)

biomass_te[1:10, names(transformed_te)]
transformed_te
tidy(norm_trans, number = 1)
tidy(norm_obj, number = 1)

# To keep the original variables in the output, use `step_mutate_at`:
norm_keep_orig <- rec %>%
  step_mutate_at(all_numeric_predictors(), fn = list(orig = ~.)) %>%
  step_normalize(-contains("orig"), -all_outcomes())

keep_orig_obj <- prep(norm_keep_orig, training = biomass_tr)
keep_orig_te <- bake(keep_orig_obj, biomass_te)
keep_orig_te

recipes documentation built on Sept. 27, 2021, 5:09 p.m.