# R/epi.s In harrelfe/Hmisc: Harrell Miscellaneous

#### Documented in lrcummhgrprint.lrcumprint.mhgr

```## \$Id\$
## Relative risk estimation from binary responses
## See http://www.csm.ornl.gov/~frome/ES/RRMHex/MHanalysis.txt and
## http://www.csm.ornl.gov/~frome/ES/RRMHex for related code

mhgr <- function(y, group, strata, conf.int=.95)
{
group <- as.factor(group)
i <- is.na(y) | is.na(group) | is.na(strata)
if(any(i))
{
i      <- !i
y      <- y[i]
group  <- group[i]
strata <- strata[i]
}
N <- tapply(y, list(group,strata), length)
if(nrow(N) != 2) stop('only works for 2 groups')
N[is.na(N)] <- 0
s <- tapply(y, list(group,strata), sum)
s[is.na(s)] <- 0
n <- N[1,]
m <- N[2,]
x <- s[1,]
y <- s[2,]
N <- m + n
tk<- x + y
R <- x*m/N
S <- y*n/N
D <- (m*n*tk - x*y*N)/N/N
rr <- sum(R)/sum(S)
varlog <- sum(D)/(sum(R)*sum(S))
sigma <- sqrt(varlog)
z <- -qnorm((1-conf.int)/2)
ci <- rr*c(exp(-z*sigma), exp(z*sigma))
structure(list(rr=rr, ci=ci, conf.int=conf.int, N=table(group)),
class='mhgr')
}
print.mhgr <- function(x, ...)
{
cat('Mantel-Haenszel Risk Ratio and', x\$conf.int, 'Greenland-Robins Confidence Interval\n\n')
cat('Common Relative Risk:', x\$rr, 'CI:', x\$ci, '\n\n')
cat('N in Each Group\n\n')
print(x\$N)
invisible()
}

lrcum <- function(a, b, c, d, conf.int=0.95)
{
if(any(is.na(a+b+c+d))) stop('NAs not allowed')
if(min(a,b,c,d)==0)
{
warning('A frequency of zero exists.  Adding 0.5 to all frequencies.')
a <- a + .5
b <- b + .5
c <- c + .5
d <- d + .5
}

lrpos <- a/(a+c) / (b/(b+d))
lrneg <- c/(a+c) / (d/(b+d))

zcrit <- qnorm((1+conf.int)/2)

varloglrpos <- 1/a - 1/(a+c) + 1/b - 1/(b+d)
varloglrneg <- 1/d - 1/(b+d) + 1/c - 1/(a+c)
upperlrpos <- exp(log(lrpos) + zcrit*sqrt(varloglrpos))
lowerlrpos <- exp(log(lrpos) - zcrit*sqrt(varloglrpos))
upperlrneg <- exp(log(lrneg) + zcrit*sqrt(varloglrneg))
lowerlrneg <- exp(log(lrneg) - zcrit*sqrt(varloglrneg))

lrposcum <- cumprod(lrpos)
lrnegcum <- cumprod(lrneg)

varloglrposcum <- cumsum(varloglrpos)
varloglrnegcum <- cumsum(varloglrneg)

upperlrposcum <- exp(log(lrposcum) + zcrit*sqrt(varloglrposcum))
lowerlrposcum <- exp(log(lrposcum) - zcrit*sqrt(varloglrposcum))
upperlrnegcum <- exp(log(lrnegcum) + zcrit*sqrt(varloglrnegcum))
lowerlrnegcum <- exp(log(lrnegcum) - zcrit*sqrt(varloglrnegcum))

structure(llist(lrpos, upperlrpos, lowerlrpos,
lrneg, upperlrneg, lowerlrneg,
lrposcum, upperlrposcum, lowerlrposcum,
lrnegcum, upperlrnegcum, lowerlrnegcum, conf.int),
class='lrcum')
}

print.lrcum <- function(x, dec=3, ...)
{
ci <- x\$conf.int
l <- paste('Lower', ci)
u <- paste('Upper', ci)
a <- with(x,
cbind(lrpos,    lowerlrpos,    upperlrpos,
lrposcum, lowerlrposcum, upperlrposcum))
b <- with(x,
cbind(lrneg,    lowerlrneg,    upperlrneg,
lrnegcum, lowerlrnegcum, upperlrnegcum))
a <- round(a, dec)
b <- round(b, dec)
colnames(a) <- c('LR+', l, u, 'Cum. LR+', l, u)
colnames(b) <- c('LR-', l, u, 'Cum. LR-', l, u)
rownames(a) <- rownames(b) <- rep('', nrow(a))
print(a)
cat('\n')
print(b)
invisible()
}
```
harrelfe/Hmisc documentation built on May 19, 2024, 4:13 a.m.