R/mdmixmod.R

Defines functions mdmixmod

Documented in mdmixmod

### mdmixmod.R:  define the mdmixmod (multiple data mixture models) function for the lcmix package.

mdmixmod <- function(X, K, K0=min(K), topology=LC_TOPOLOGY, 
	family=NULL, prior=NULL, prefit=TRUE, iter.max=LC_ITER_MAX, 
	dname=deparse(substitute(X)))
{
	## munge data, gather preliminary information, and do sanity checks
		
	if(!is.list(X)) stop("'X' must be a list")
	
	dname = dname
		# keep the implicit call to deparse(substitute(X)) from getting screwed up by whatever manipulation we do below (this is a nasty side-effect of lazy evaluation, I suspect)
	dattr = lapply(X, attributes)
	
	X = lapply(X, function(Xz) drop(as.matrix(Xz)))
		# put all data into matrix or vector form
	
	Z = length(X)
	if(Z < 2) stop("single data source, use mixmod() instead")
	if(is.null(names(X)))
		names(X) = paste("X", 1:Z, sep="")
	zvec = names(X)
	Z = length(zvec)
	names(zvec) = zvec
		# so the results of lapply() and related functions will always have the names of the elements of X
	
	univariate = !sapply(X, is.matrix)
	ntmp = sapply(zvec, function(z)
		ifelse(univariate[[z]], length(X[[z]]), nrow(X[[z]])))
	if(min(ntmp) != max(ntmp))
		stop("unequal data sizes")
	else
		N = ntmp[[1]]
	
	D = sapply(zvec, function(z) ifelse(univariate[[z]], 1, ncol(X[[z]])))
	
	topology = match.arg(topology)
	
	if(is.null(family)) family = rep("normal", Z) else
	{
		family = match.arg(family, names(LC_FAMILY), several.ok=TRUE)
		if(length(family) > Z)
			warning("length(family) > Z, truncating to fit")
		if(length(family) != Z)
			family = rep(family, length.out=Z)
	}
	names(family) = zvec
	dummy = lapply(zvec, function(z) .sanity_check_data(X[[z]], family[[z]]))
	
	distn = sapply(zvec, function(z)
		ifelse(univariate[[z]], LC_FAMILY[[(family[[z]])]]$uni, 
			                    LC_FAMILY[[(family[[z]])]]$multi))
	
	if(length(K) > Z)
		warning("length(K) > Z, truncating to fit")
	if(length(K) != Z)
		K = rep(K, length.out=Z)
	names(K) = zvec
	kvec = lapply(zvec, function(z) 1:K[[z]])
	
	k0vec = 1:K0
	
	npar.hidden = switch(topology,
		layered = K0-1 + K0*sum(K-1),
		chained = K0-1 + sum(c(K0, K[1:(Z-1)]) * (K-1))
		#chained = sum(c(K0, K[1:(Z-1)]) * (K-1)) + K0-1 - ((K0-1)*K[[1]])
	)
	npar.observed = sum(sapply(zvec, function(z)
		.npar_observed(distn[[z]], K[[z]], D[[z]])))
	npar = npar.hidden + npar.observed
	bicsub = npar * log(N)
		
	## define internal functions
	
	estep <- switch(topology,
		layered = .estep_mdmixmod_layered(),
		chained = .estep_mdmixmod_chained())
	mstep <- switch(topology,
		layered = .mstep_mdmixmod_layered(distn),
		chained = .mstep_mdmixmod_chained(distn))
	pstep <- switch(topology,
		layered = .pstep_mdmixmod_layered(distn),
		chained = .pstep_mdmixmod_chained(distn))
	sstep <- .sstep_mdmixmod()
	
	## initialize
	
	# build weights (quasi-E-step)
	
	if(prefit) {
	
		marginals = lapply(zvec, function(z)
			mixmod(X[[z]], K[[z]], family=family[[z]], iter.max=iter.max, 
				dname=zvec[[z]]))
		
		W = lapply(marginals, posterior)
		
		U = switch(topology,
			layered = listMean(lapply(zvec, function(z)
				if((K[[z]] == K0) && is.null(prior)) W[[z]] else
					posterior(mixmod(X[[z]], K0, family=family[[z]],
						prior=prior, iter.max=iter.max)))),
			chained = if((K[[1]] == K0) && is.null(prior)) W[[1]] else
				posterior(mixmod(X[[1]], K0, family=family[[1]],
					prior=prior, iter.max=iter.max)))
	
	} else {
		
		marginals = NULL # so we have something to return
	
		W = mapply(.init_weights, X, K, SIMPLIFY=FALSE)
			# TO DO:  do we need to pass a "stretched" version of prior to .init_weights() in this call?  And if so, do we need separate versions for layered and chained?  Also applies to prefit above.
		
		U = switch(topology,
			layered = listMean(lapply(X, .init_weights, K=K0, prior)),
			chained = .init_weights(X[[1]], K0, prior))
	}
	
	V = switch(topology,
		layered = lapply(W, function(Wz) .vgenDep(U, Wz)),
		chained = c(list(.vgenDep(U, W[[1]])),
			lapply(2:Z, function(z) .vgenDep(W[[z-1]], W[[z]]))))
	names(V) = zvec # the "chained" option above produces an unnamed list
	
	weights = namedList(U, V, W)
	
	# initial M-, P-, and S-steps
	params = mstep(X, weights, K, kvec, K0, k0vec, zvec, prior=prior)
	pdfs = pstep(X, params, kvec, zvec)
	stats = sstep(0, weights, params, pdfs, bicsub)
	
	# save initial information
	iteration.params = list(params)
	iteration.stats = list(stats)
	
	## iterate
	
	old_llik = stats[["llik"]] * 2 # dummy value to ensure iteration

	iter = 1
	
	while(abs(stats[["llik"]]/old_llik - 1) > LC_ITER_TOL && iter <= iter.max)
	{
		# preserve previous log-likelihood
		old_llik = stats[["llik"]]
		
		# E-step
		weights = estep(pdfs, params, zvec, kvec, k0vec)
						
		# M-step
		params = mstep(X, weights, K, kvec, K0, k0vec, zvec, params, 
			prior=prior)
				
		# post-EM calculations
		pdfs = pstep(X, params, kvec, zvec)
		stats = sstep(iter, weights, params, pdfs, bicsub)
		
		# update iteration count and save results
		iter = iter + 1
		iteration.params[[iter]] = params
		iteration.stats[[iter]] = stats
			# increment iter before saving because iteration.params[[1]] is actually the parameters from iteration 0, etc., and the same for iteration.params
	}
	
	## final calculations
	
	weights = estep(pdfs, params, zvec, kvec, k0vec)
	
	posterior = weights$U
	rownames(posterior) = if(isMDF(X[[1]])) rownames(X[[1]]) else names(X[[1]])
	
	assignment = apply(posterior, 1, which.max)
	
	## package and return
	
	iteration.stats = Reduce(rbind, iteration.stats)
	rownames(iteration.stats) = NULL
	iteration.stats = as.data.frame(iteration.stats)
	
	retn = namedList(N, Z, D, K, K0, X, npar, npar.hidden, npar.observed, iter, 
		params, stats, weights, pdfs, posterior, assignment, iteration.params, iteration.stats, topology, family, distn, prefit, iter.max, dname, dattr, zvec, kvec, k0vec, prior, marginals, estep, mstep, pstep, sstep)
	
	class(retn) = c("mdmixmod", "mixmod")
	
	return(retn)
}
lcmix documentation built on May 21, 2017, 4:05 a.m.