riem.knn: Find K-Nearest Neighbors

Description Usage Arguments Value Examples

View source: R/learning_knn.R

Description

Given N observations X_1, X_2, …, X_N \in \mathcal{M}, riem.knn constructs k-nearest neighbors.

Usage

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riem.knn(riemobj, k = 2, geometry = c("intrinsic", "extrinsic"))

Arguments

riemobj

a S3 "riemdata" class for N manifold-valued data.

k

the number of neighbors to find.

geometry

(case-insensitive) name of geometry; either geodesic ("intrinsic") or embedded ("extrinsic") geometry.

Value

a named list containing

nn.idx

an (N \times k) neighborhood index matrix.

nn.dists

an (N\times k) distances from a point to its neighbors.

Examples

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#-------------------------------------------------------------------
#          Example on Sphere : a dataset with three types
#
# * 10 perturbed data points near (1,0,0) on S^2 in R^3
# * 10 perturbed data points near (0,1,0) on S^2 in R^3
# * 10 perturbed data points near (0,0,1) on S^2 in R^3
#-------------------------------------------------------------------
## GENERATE DATA
mydata = list()
for (i in 1:10){
  tgt = c(1, stats::rnorm(2, sd=0.1))
  mydata[[i]] = tgt/sqrt(sum(tgt^2))
}
for (i in 11:20){
  tgt = c(rnorm(1,sd=0.1),1,rnorm(1,sd=0.1))
  mydata[[i]] = tgt/sqrt(sum(tgt^2))
}
for (i in 21:30){
  tgt = c(stats::rnorm(2, sd=0.1), 1)
  mydata[[i]] = tgt/sqrt(sum(tgt^2))
}
myriem = wrap.sphere(mydata)
mylabs = rep(c(2,3,4), each=10)

## K-NN CONSTRUCTION WITH K=5 & K=10
knn1 = riem.knn(myriem, k=5)
knn2 = riem.knn(myriem, k=10)

## MDS FOR VISUALIZATION
embed2 = riem.mds(myriem, ndim=2)$embed

## VISUALIZE
opar <- par(no.readonly=TRUE)
par(mfrow=c(1,2), pty="s")
plot(embed2, pch=19, main="knn with k=4", col=mylabs)
for (i in 1:30){
  for (j in 1:5){
    lines(embed2[c(i,knn1$nn.idx[i,j]),])
  }
}
plot(embed2, pch=19, main="knn with k=8", col=mylabs)
for (i in 1:30){
  for (j in 1:10){
    lines(embed2[c(i,knn2$nn.idx[i,j]),])
  }
}
par(opar)

Riemann documentation built on June 20, 2021, 5:07 p.m.