R/rate.R

Defines functions check_rate stop_rate_excess stop_rate_expired signal_rate_retry signal_rate_init rate_bump_count rate_count rate_reset rate_sleep_impl rate_sleep.purrr_rate_delay rate_sleep.purrr_rate_backoff rate_sleep print.purrr_rate_backoff print.purrr_rate_delay is_rate new_rate rate_backoff rate_delay

Documented in is_rate rate_backoff rate_delay rate_reset rate_sleep

#' Create delaying rate settings
#'
#' These helpers create rate settings that you can pass to [insistently()] and
#' [slowly()]. You can also use them in your own functions with [rate_sleep()].
#'
#' @param max_times Maximum number of requests to attempt.
#' @param jitter Whether to introduce a random jitter in the waiting time.
#' @examples
#' # A delay rate waits the same amount of time:
#' rate <- rate_delay(0.02)
#' for (i in 1:3) rate_sleep(rate, quiet = FALSE)
#'
#' # A backoff rate waits exponentially longer each time, with random
#' # jitter by default:
#' rate <- rate_backoff(pause_base = 0.2, pause_min = 0.005)
#' for (i in 1:3) rate_sleep(rate, quiet = FALSE)
#' @name rate-helpers
NULL

#' @rdname rate-helpers
#' @param pause Delay between attempts in seconds.
#' @export
rate_delay <- function(pause = 1,
                       max_times = Inf) {

  check_number_decimal(pause, allow_infinite = TRUE, min = 0)

  new_rate(
    "purrr_rate_delay",
    pause = pause,
    max_times = max_times,
    jitter = FALSE
  )
}

#' @rdname rate-helpers
#' @param pause_base,pause_cap `rate_backoff()` uses an exponential
#'   back-off so that each request waits `pause_base * 2^i` seconds,
#'   up to a maximum of `pause_cap` seconds.
#' @param pause_min Minimum time to wait in the backoff; generally
#'   only necessary if you need pauses less than one second (which may
#'   not be kind to the server, use with caution!).
#' @export
rate_backoff <- function(pause_base = 1,
                         pause_cap = 60,
                         pause_min = 1,
                         max_times = 3,
                         jitter = TRUE) {

  check_number_decimal(pause_base, min = 0)
  check_number_decimal(pause_cap, allow_infinite = TRUE, min = 0)
  check_number_decimal(pause_min, allow_infinite = TRUE, min = 0)
  check_number_whole(max_times, min = 1)
  check_bool(jitter)

  new_rate(
    "purrr_rate_backoff",
    pause_base = pause_base,
    pause_cap = pause_cap,
    pause_min = pause_min,
    max_times = max_times,
    jitter = jitter
  )
}

new_rate <- function(.subclass, ..., jitter = TRUE, max_times = 3) {
  stopifnot(
    is_bool(jitter),
    is_number(max_times) || identical(max_times, Inf)
  )

  rate <- list(
    ...,
    state = env(i = 0L),
    jitter = jitter,
    max_times = max_times
  )

  structure(
    rate,
    class = c(.subclass, "purrr_rate")
  )
}
#' @rdname rate-helpers
#' @param x An object to test.
#' @export
is_rate <- function(x) {
  inherits(x, "purrr_rate")
}

#' @export
print.purrr_rate_delay <- function(x, ...) {
  cli::cli_text("<rate: delay>")
  cli::cli_bullets(c(
    " " = "Attempts: {rate_count(x)}/{x$max_times}",
    " " = "{.field pause}: {x$pause}"
  ))

  invisible(x)
}
#' @export
print.purrr_rate_backoff <- function(x, ...) {
  cli::cli_text("<rate: backoff>")

  cli::cli_bullets(c(
    " " = "Attempts: {rate_count(x)}/{x$max_times}",
    " " = "{.field pause_base}: {x$pause_base}",
    " " = "{.field pause_cap}: {x$pause_cap}",
    " " = "{.field pause_min}: {x$pause_min}"
  ))

  invisible(x)
}

#' Wait for a given time
#'
#' If the rate's internal counter exceeds the maximum number of times
#' it is allowed to sleep, `rate_sleep()` throws an error of class
#' `purrr_error_rate_excess`.
#'
#' Call `rate_reset()` to reset the internal rate counter to 0.
#'
#' @param rate A [rate][rate_backoff] object determining the waiting time.
#' @param quiet If `FALSE`, prints a message displaying how long until
#'   the next request.
#'
#' @seealso [rate_backoff()], [insistently()]
#' @keywords internal
#' @export
rate_sleep <- function(rate, quiet = TRUE) {
  stopifnot(is_rate(rate))

  i <- rate_count(rate)

  if (i > rate$max_times) {
    stop_rate_expired(rate)
  }
  if (i == rate$max_times) {
    stop_rate_excess(rate)
  }

  if (i == 0L) {
    rate_bump_count(rate)
    signal_rate_init(rate)
    return(invisible())
  }

  on.exit(rate_bump_count(rate))
  UseMethod("rate_sleep")
}

#' @export
rate_sleep.purrr_rate_backoff <- function(rate, quiet = TRUE) {
  i <- rate_count(rate)

  pause_max <- min(rate$pause_cap, rate$pause_base * 2^i)
  if (rate$jitter) {
    pause_max <- stats::runif(1, 0, pause_max)
  }

  length <- max(rate$pause_min, pause_max)
  rate_sleep_impl(rate, length, quiet)
}
#' @export
rate_sleep.purrr_rate_delay <- function(rate, quiet = TRUE) {
  rate_sleep_impl(rate, rate$pause, quiet)
}

rate_sleep_impl <- function(rate, length, quiet) {
  if (!quiet) {
    signal_rate_retry(rate, length, quiet)
  }
  Sys.sleep(length)
}

#' @rdname rate_sleep
#' @export
rate_reset <- function(rate) {
  stopifnot(is_rate(rate))

  rate$state$i <- 0L

  invisible(rate)
}

rate_count <- function(rate) {
  rate$state$i
}
rate_bump_count <- function(rate, n = 1L) {
  rate$state$i <- rate$state$i + n
  invisible(rate)
}

signal_rate_init <- function(rate) {
  signal("", "purrr_condition_rate_init", rate = rate)
}
signal_rate_retry <- function(rate, length, quiet) {
  msg <- sprintf("Retrying in %s seconds.", format(length, digits = 2))
  class <- "purrr_message_rate_retry"
  if (quiet) {
    signal(msg, class, rate = rate, length = length)
  } else {
    inform(msg, class, rate = rate, length = length)
  }
}

stop_rate_expired <- function(rate, error_call = caller_env()) {
  cli::cli_abort(
    c(
      "This `rate` object has already be run more than `max_times` allows.",
      i = "Do you need to reset it with `rate_reset()`?"
    ),
    class = "purrr_error_rate_expired",
    call = error_call
  )
}
stop_rate_excess <- function(rate, error_call = caller_env()) {
  i <- rate_count(rate)

  # Bump counter to get an expired error next time around
  rate_bump_count(rate)

  cli::cli_abort(
    "Request failed after {i} attempts.",
    class = "purrr_error_rate_excess",
    call = error_call
  )
}

check_rate <- function(rate, error_call = caller_env()) {
  if (!is_rate(rate)) {
    cli::cli_abort(
      "{.arg rate} must be a rate object, not {.obj_type_friendly {rate}}.",
      arg = "rate",
      call = error_call,
    )
  }
}

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purrr documentation built on Jan. 10, 2023, 5:15 p.m.