Band Depth for univariate functional data

Description

This function computes the Band Depth (BD) of elements of a functional dataset.

Usage

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
BD(Data)

## S3 method for class 'fData'
BD(Data)

## Default S3 method:
BD(Data)

Arguments

Data

either an object of class fData or a matrix-like dataset of functional data (e.g. fData$values), with observations as rows and measurements over grid points as columns.

Details

Given a univariate functional dataset, X_1(t), X_2(t), …, X_N(t), this function computes the sample BD of each element with respect to the other elements of the dataset, i.e.:

BD( X( t ) ) = {N \choose 2 }^{-1} ∑_{1 ≤q i_1 < i_2 ≤q N} I( G(X) \subset B( X_{i_1}, X_{i_2} ) ),

where G(X) is the graphic of X(t), B(X_{i_1},X_{i_2}) is the envelope of X_{i_1}(t) and X_{i_2}(t), and X \in ≤ft\{X_1, …, X_N\right\}.

See the References section for more details.

Value

The function returns a vector containing the values of BD for the given dataset.

References

Lopez-Pintado, S. and Romo, J. (2009). On the Concept of Depth for Functional Data, Journal of the American Statistical Association, 104, 718-734.

Lopez-Pintado, S. and Romo. J. (2007). Depth-based inference for functional data, Computational Statistics & Data Analysis 51, 4957-4968.

See Also

MBD, BD_relative, MBD_relative, fData

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
grid = seq( 0, 1, length.out = 1e2 )


D = matrix( c( 1 + sin( 2 * pi * grid ),
               0 + sin( 4 * pi * grid ),
               1 - sin( pi * ( grid - 0.2 ) ),
               0.1 + cos( 2 * pi * grid ),
               0.5 + sin( 3 * pi + grid ),
               -2 + sin( pi * grid ) ),
            nrow = 6, ncol = length( grid ), byrow = TRUE )

fD = fData( grid, D )

BD( fD )

BD( D )

Want to suggest features or report bugs for rdrr.io? Use the GitHub issue tracker.