xtabs: Cross tabulation

Description Usage Arguments Value See Also Examples


xtabs creates a contingency table (optionally a sparse matrix) from cross-classifying factors, usually contained in a data-frame-like object, using a formula interface.

NOTE: This man page is for the xtabs S4 generic function defined in the BiocGenerics package. See ?stats::xtabs for the default method (defined in the stats package). Bioconductor packages can define specific methods for objects not supported by the default method.


xtabs(formula=~., data=parent.frame(), subset, sparse=FALSE, 
      na.action, exclude=c(NA, NaN), drop.unused.levels=FALSE)


formula, subset, sparse, na.action, exclude, drop.unused.levels

See ?stats::xtabs for a description of these arguments.


A data-frame-like object.


See ?stats::xtabs for the value returned by the default method.

Specific methods defined in Bioconductor packages should also return the type of object returned by the default method.

See Also

  • stats::xtabs for the default xtabs method.

  • showMethods for displaying a summary of the methods defined for a given generic function.

  • selectMethod for getting the definition of a specific method.

  • xtabs,DataTable-method in the S4Vectors package for an example of a specific xtabs method (defined for DataTable objects).

  • BiocGenerics for a summary of all the generics defined in the BiocGenerics package.


xtabs  # note the dispatch on the 'data' arg only
selectMethod("xtabs", "ANY")  # the default method

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