# R/902.CellCoordinatesAndIndices.R In affxparser: Affymetrix File Parsing SDK

#########################################################################/**
# @RdocDocumentation "2. Cell coordinates and cell indices"
#
# \description{
#   This part describes how Affymetrix \emph{cells}, also known as
#   \emph{probes} or \emph{features}, are addressed.
# }
#
# \section{Cell coordinates}{
#   In Affymetrix data files, cells are uniquely identified by there
#   \emph{cell coordinates}, i.e. \eqn{(x,y)}.  For an array with
#   \eqn{N*K} cells in \eqn{N} rows and \eqn{K} columns, the \eqn{x}
#   coordinate is an integer in \eqn{[0,K-1]}, and the \eqn{y} coordinate
#   is an integer in \eqn{[0,N-1]}.  The cell in the upper-left corner has
#   coordinate \eqn{(x,y)=(0,0)} and the one in the lower-right corner
#   \eqn{(x,y)=(K-1,N-1)}.
# }
#
# \section{Cell indices and cell-index offsets}{
#   To simplify addressing of cells, a coordinate-to-index function is
#   used so that each cell can be addressed using a single integer instead
#   (of two).  Affymetrix defines the \emph{cell index}, \eqn{i}, of
#   cell \eqn{(x,y)} as
#   \deqn{
#     i = K*y + x + 1,
#   }
#   where one is added to give indices in \eqn{[1,N*K]}.
#   Continuing, the above definition means that cells are ordered
#   row by row, that is from left to right and from top to bottom,
#   starting at the upper-left corner.
#   For example, with a chip layout \eqn{(N,K)=(1600,1600)} the cell at
#   \eqn{(x,y)=(0,0)} has index i=1, and the cell at \eqn{(x,y)=(1599,1599)}
#   has index \eqn{i=2560000}.
#   A cell at \eqn{(x,y)=(1498,3)} has index \eqn{i=6299}.
#
#   Given the cell index \eqn{i}, the coordinate \eqn{(x,y)} can be
#   calculated as
#   \deqn{
#     y = floor((i-1)/K)
#   }
#   \deqn{
#     x = (i-1)-K*y.
#   }
#   Continuing the above example, the coordinate for cell \eqn{i=1} is
#   be found to be \eqn{(x,y)=(0,0)}, for cell \eqn{i=2560000} it is
#   \eqn{(x,y)=(1599,1599)}, for cell \eqn{i=6299} is it
#   \eqn{(x,y)=(1498,3)}.
# }
#
# \section{Converting between cell indices and (x,y) coordinates in R}{
#   Although not needed to use the methods in this package, to get the
#   cell indices for the cell coordinates or vice versa, see
#   \code{\link[affy:xy2indices]{xy2indices}()} and \code{indices2xy()}
#   in the \pkg{affy} package.
# }
#
# \section{Note on the zero-based "index" field of Affymetrix CDF files}{
#   An Affymetrix CDF file provides information on which cells should be
#   grouped together.  To identify these groups of cells, the cells
#   are specified by their (x,y) coordinates, which are stored as
#   zero-based coordinates in the CDF file.
#
#   All methods of the \pkg{affxparser} package make use of these
#   (x,y) coordinates, and some methods make it possible to read
#   them as well.  However, it is much more common that the methods
#   return cell indices \emph{calculated} from the (x,y) coordinates
#   as explained above.
#
#   In order to conveniently work with cell indices in \R, the
#   convention in \emph{affxparser} is to use \emph{one-based}
#   indices.
#   Hence the addition (and subtraction) of 1:s in the above equations.
#   This is all taken care of by \pkg{affxparser}.
#
#   Note that, in addition to (x,y) coordinates, a CDF file also contains
#   a one-based "index" for each cell.  This "index" is redundant to
#   the (x,y) coordinate and can be calculated analogously to the
#   above \emph{cell index} while leaving out the addition (subtraction)
#   of 1:s.
#   Importantly, since this "index" is redundant (and exists only in
#   CDF files), we have decided to treat this field as an internal field.
#   Methods of \pkg{affxparser} do neither provide access to nor make
#   use of this internal field.
# }
#
# @author "HB"
##*/#########################################################################


## Try the affxparser package in your browser

Any scripts or data that you put into this service are public.

affxparser documentation built on Nov. 8, 2020, 7:26 p.m.