# bifgmexp: Bivariate Farlie-Gumbel-Morgenstern Exponential Distribution... In VGAM: Vector Generalized Linear and Additive Models

 bifgmexp R Documentation

## Bivariate Farlie-Gumbel-Morgenstern Exponential Distribution Family Function

### Description

Estimate the association parameter of FGM bivariate exponential distribution by maximum likelihood estimation.

### Usage

bifgmexp(lapar = "rhobitlink", iapar = NULL, tola0 = 0.01,
imethod = 1)



### Arguments

 lapar Link function for the association parameter \alpha, which lies between -1 and 1. See Links for more choices and other information. iapar Numeric. Optional initial value for \alpha. By default, an initial value is chosen internally. If a convergence failure occurs try assigning a different value. Assigning a value will override the argument imethod. tola0 Positive numeric. If the estimate of \alpha has an absolute value less than this then it is replaced by this value. This is an attempt to fix a numerical problem when the estimate is too close to zero. imethod An integer with value 1 or 2 which specifies the initialization method. If failure to converge occurs try the other value, or else specify a value for ia.

### Details

The cumulative distribution function is

P(Y_1 \leq y_1, Y_2 \leq y_2) = e^{-y_1-y_2} ( 1 + \alpha [1 - e^{-y_1}] [1 - e^{-y_2}] ) + 1 - e^{-y_1} - e^{-y_2} 

for \alpha between -1 and 1. The support of the function is for y_1>0 and y_2>0. The marginal distributions are an exponential distribution with unit mean. When \alpha = 0 then the random variables are independent, and this causes some problems in the estimation process since the distribution no longer depends on the parameter.

A variant of Newton-Raphson is used, which only seems to work for an intercept model. It is a very good idea to set trace = TRUE.

### Value

An object of class "vglmff" (see vglmff-class). The object is used by modelling functions such as vglm and vgam.

### Note

The response must be a two-column matrix. Currently, the fitted value is a matrix with two columns and values equal to 1. This is because each marginal distribution corresponds to a exponential distribution with unit mean.

This VGAM family function should be used with caution.

T. W. Yee

### References

Castillo, E., Hadi, A. S., Balakrishnan, N. and Sarabia, J. S. (2005). Extreme Value and Related Models with Applications in Engineering and Science, Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley-Interscience.

bifgmcop, bigumbelIexp.

### Examples

N <- 1000; mdata <- data.frame(y1 = rexp(N), y2 = rexp(N))
## Not run: plot(ymat)
fit <- vglm(cbind(y1, y2) ~ 1, bifgmexp, data = mdata, trace = TRUE)
fit <- vglm(cbind(y1, y2) ~ 1, bifgmexp, data = mdata, # May fail
trace = TRUE, crit = "coef")
coef(fit, matrix = TRUE)
Coef(fit)