R/distinct_edges.R

Defines functions dist.dendlist edgeset_dist dend_diff.dendlist dend_diff.dendrogram dend_diff highlight_distinct_edges.dendlist highlight_distinct_edges.dendrogram highlight_distinct_edges distinct_edges partition_leaves

Documented in dend_diff dend_diff.dendlist dend_diff.dendrogram dist.dendlist distinct_edges highlight_distinct_edges highlight_distinct_edges.dendlist highlight_distinct_edges.dendrogram partition_leaves

# Copyright (C) Tal Galili
#
# This file is part of dendextend.
#
# dendextend is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
# under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 2 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# dendextend is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
# WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
#  A copy of the GNU General Public License is available at
#  http://www.r-project.org/Licenses/
#


# Re-coding phylo.diff from the distory package, but for dendrograms
# https://cran.r-project.org/package=distory




#' @title A list with labels for each subtree (edge)
#' @export
#' @description
#' Returns the set of all bipartitions from all edges, that is: a list with the labels
#' for each of the nodes in the dendrogram.
#' @param dend a dendrogram
#' @param ... Ignored.
#'
#' @seealso
#' \link{distinct_edges}, \link{highlight_distinct_edges},
#' \link{dist.dendlist}, \link{tanglegram},
#' \link[distory]{partition.leaves}
#'
#' @return
#' A list with the labels for each of the nodes in the dendrogram.
#'
#' @source
#' A \link{dendrogram} implementation for \link[distory]{partition.leaves} from the {distory} package
#'
#' @examples
#'
#' x <- 1:3 %>%
#'   dist() %>%
#'   hclust() %>%
#'   as.dendrogram()
#' plot(x)
#' partition_leaves(x)
#' \dontrun{
#' set.seed(23235)
#' ss <- sample(1:150, 10)
#' dend1 <- iris[ss, -5] %>%
#'   dist() %>%
#'   hclust("com") %>%
#'   as.dendrogram()
#' dend2 <- iris[ss, -5] %>%
#'   dist() %>%
#'   hclust("single") %>%
#'   as.dendrogram()
#'
#' partition_leaves(dend1)
#' partition_leaves(dend2)
#' }
#'
partition_leaves <- function(dend, ...) {
  if (!is.dendrogram(dend)) stop("'dend' is not a dendrogram")

  nodes_labels <- vector("list", length = nnodes(dend))

  i_counter <- 0
  push_node_labels <- function(dend_node) {
    i_counter <<- i_counter + 1

    nodes_labels[[i_counter]] <<- labels(dend_node)
    return(NULL)
  }
  dendrapply(dend, push_node_labels)

  return(nodes_labels)
}





#' @title Finds distinct edges in one tree compared to another
#' @description Finds the edges present in the first tree but not in the second
#' @export
#'
#' @param dend a dendrogram to find unique edges in
#' @param dend2 a dendrogram to compare with
#' @param ... Ignored.
#'
#' @seealso
#' \link{distinct_edges}, \link{highlight_distinct_edges},
#' \link{dist.dendlist}, \link{tanglegram}
#' \link[distory]{distinct.edges}
#'
#' @return
#' A numeric vector of edge ids for the first tree (dend) that are not present in the second tree (dend2).
#'
#' @source
#' A \link{dendrogram} implementation for \link[distory]{distinct.edges} from the {distory} package
#'
#' @examples
#'
#' x <- 1:5 %>%
#'   dist() %>%
#'   hclust() %>%
#'   as.dendrogram()
#' y <- set(x, "labels", 5:1)
#' distinct_edges(x, y)
#' distinct_edges(y, x)
#' dend_diff(x, y)
#' # tanglegram(x, y)
distinct_edges <- function(dend, dend2, ...) {
  sort_a_character <- function(dend) dend %>%
      as.character() %>%
      sort()

  bp1 <- partition_leaves(dend)
  bp1 <- lapply(bp1, sort_a_character)
  bp2 <- partition_leaves(dend2)
  bp2 <- lapply(bp2, sort_a_character)
  p <- c()
  for (i in 1:length(bp1)) {
    #      if (!(list(bp1[[i]]) %in% bp2)) {
    if (!(bp1[i] %in% bp2)) {
      p <- append(p, i)
    }
  }
  p
}




#' @title Highlight distint edges in a tree (compared to another one)
#' @rdname highlight_distinct_edges
#' @export
#'
#' @description
#' Highlight distint edges in a tree (compared to another one) by changing
#' the branches' color, line width, or line type.
#'
#' This function enables this feature in \link{dend_diff} and \link{tanglegram}
#'
#' @param dend a dendrogram or \link{dendlist} to find unique edges in (to highlight)
#' @param dend2 a dendrogram to compare with
#' @param value a new value scalar for the edgePar attribute.
#' @param edgePar a character indicating the value inside edgePar to adjust.
#' Can be either "col", "lty", or "lwd".
#' @param ... Ignored.
#' @param which an integer vector indicating, in the case "dend" is a dendlist,
#' on which of the trees should the modification be performed.
#' If missing - the change will be performed on all of objects in the dendlist.
#'
#' @seealso
#' \link{distinct_edges}, \link{highlight_distinct_edges},
#' \link{dist.dendlist}, \link{tanglegram}
#' \link{assign_values_to_branches_edgePar},
#' \link[distory]{distinct.edges},
#'
#' @return
#' A dendrogram with modified edges - the distinct ones are changed (color, line width, or line type)
#'
#' @examples
#'
#' x <- 1:5 %>%
#'   dist() %>%
#'   hclust() %>%
#'   as.dendrogram()
#' y <- set(x, "labels", 5:1)
#' distinct_edges(x, y)
#' distinct_edges(y, x)
#'
#' par(mfrow = c(1, 2))
#' plot(highlight_distinct_edges(x, y))
#' plot(y)
#'
#' # tanglegram(highlight_distinct_edges(x, y),y)
#' # dend_diff(x, y)
#' \dontrun{
#'
#' # using  highlight_distinct_edges combined with dendlist and set
#' # to clearly highlight "stable" branches.
#' data(iris)
#' ss <- c(1:5, 51:55, 101:105)
#' iris1 <- iris[ss, -5] %>%
#'   dist() %>%
#'   hclust(method = "single") %>%
#'   as.dendrogram()
#' iris2 <- iris[ss, -5] %>%
#'   dist() %>%
#'   hclust(method = "complete") %>%
#'   as.dendrogram()
#' iris12 <- dendlist(iris1, iris2) %>%
#'   set("branches_k_color", k = 3) %>%
#'   set("branches_lwd", 3) %>%
#'   highlight_distinct_edges(value = 1, edgePar = "lwd")
#' iris12 %>%
#'   untangle(method = "step2side") %>%
#'   tanglegram(
#'     sub = "Iris dataset", main_left = "'single' clustering",
#'     main_right = "'complete' clustering"
#'   )
#' }
#'
highlight_distinct_edges <- function(dend, ...) {
  UseMethod("highlight_distinct_edges")
}


#' @export
#' @rdname highlight_distinct_edges
highlight_distinct_edges.dendrogram <- function(dend, dend2,
                                                value = 2, edgePar = c("col", "lty", "lwd"), ...) {
  edgePar <- match.arg(edgePar)

  the_distinct_edges <- distinct_edges(dend, dend2)
  dend_nnoded <- nnodes(dend)
  new_value <- rep(Inf, dend_nnoded)
  new_value[the_distinct_edges] <- value

  new_dend <- assign_values_to_branches_edgePar(dend, value = new_value, edgePar = edgePar)

  return(new_dend)
}


#' @export
#' @rdname highlight_distinct_edges
highlight_distinct_edges.dendlist <- function(dend, ..., which = c(1L, 2L)) {
  l1 <- which[1]
  l2 <- which[2]
  dend[[l1]] <- highlight_distinct_edges(dend[[l1]], dend[[l2]], ...)
  dend[[l2]] <- highlight_distinct_edges(dend[[l2]], dend[[l1]], ...)

  dend
}




#' @title Plots two trees side by side, highlighting edges unique to each tree in red.
#' @rdname dend_diff
#' @export
#'
#' @description
#' Plots two trees side by side, highlighting edges unique to each tree in red.
#'
#' @param dend a dendrogram or \link{dendlist} to compre with
#' @param dend2 a dendrogram to compare with
#' @param horiz logical (TRUE) indicating if the dendrogram should be drawn horizontally or not.
#' @param ... passed to \link{plot.dendrogram}
#' @param which an integer vector indicating, in the case "dend" is a dendlist,
#' on which of the trees should the modification be performed.
#' If missing - the change will be performed on all of objects in the dendlist.
#'
#' @source
#' A \link{dendrogram} implementation for \link[distory]{phylo.diff} from the {distory} package
#'
#' @seealso
#' \link{distinct_edges}, \link{highlight_distinct_edges},
#' \link{dist.dendlist}, \link{tanglegram}
#' \link{assign_values_to_branches_edgePar},
#' \link[distory]{distinct.edges},
#'
#' @return
#' Invisible \link{dendlist} of both trees.
#'
#' @examples
#'
#' x <- 1:5 %>%
#'   dist() %>%
#'   hclust() %>%
#'   as.dendrogram()
#' y <- set(x, "labels", 5:1)
#'
#' dend_diff(x, y)
#' dend_diff(dendlist(x, y))
#' dend_diff(dendlist(y, x))
#'
#' dend1 <- 1:10 %>%
#'   dist() %>%
#'   hclust() %>%
#'   as.dendrogram()
#' dend2 <- dend1 %>% set("labels", c(1, 3, 2, 4, 5:10))
#' dend_diff(dend1, dend2)
dend_diff <- function(dend, ...) {
  UseMethod("dend_diff")
}


#' @export
#' @rdname dend_diff
dend_diff.dendrogram <- function(dend, dend2, horiz = TRUE, ...) {
  dend12 <- highlight_distinct_edges(dend, dend2)
  dend22 <- highlight_distinct_edges(dend2, dend)

  # change mfrow
  op <- par()$mfrow
  par(mfrow = c(1, 2))

  plot(dend12, horiz = horiz, ...)
  plot(dend22, horiz = horiz, ...)

  # return mfrow to what it was before.
  # op <- par()$mfrow
  par(mfrow = op)

  invisible(dendlist(dend, dend2))
}


#' @export
#' @rdname dend_diff
dend_diff.dendlist <- function(dend, ..., which = c(1L, 2L)) {
  l1 <- which[1]
  l2 <- which[2]
  dend_diff(dend[[l1]], dend[[l2]], ...)

  invisible(dend)
}








edgeset_dist <- function(dend, dend2, ...) {
  length(distinct_edges(dend, dend2)) + length(distinct_edges(dend2, dend))
}



#' @title Topological Distances Between Two dendrograms
#' @export
#'
#' @description
#' 
#' This function seems to bring different results than ape - 
#' checking this out is still an open issue: \href{https://github.com/talgalili/dendextend/issues/97}{github issue}
#' 
#' This function computes the \href{https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robinson–Foulds_metric}{Robinson-Foulds distance} 
#' (also known as symmetric difference)
#' between two dendrograms. This is the number of edges (branches) in tree_1
#' with a combination of labels that exist in
#' it but not in any subtree of tree2,
#' plus the same calculation of tree2 when compared to tree1.
#' This is the sum of length of \link{distinct_edges}(x,y) with
#' \link{distinct_edges}(y,x).
#'
#' This function might implement other topological distances in the future.
#'
#' @param dend a \link{dendlist}
#' @param method currently only 'edgeset' is implemented.
#' @param ... Ignored.
#'
#' @seealso
#' \link{distinct_edges},
#' \link[ape]{dist.topo},
#' \link[distory]{dist.multiPhylo},
#' \link[phangorn]{treedist},
#'
#' @return
#' A \link{dist} object with topological distances between all trees
#'
#' @examples
#'
#' x <- 1:5 %>%
#'   dist() %>%
#'   hclust() %>%
#'   as.dendrogram()
#' y <- set(x, "labels", 5:1)
#'
#' dist.dendlist(dendlist(x1 = x, x2 = x, y1 = y))
#' dend_diff(x, y)
#'
#' # Larger trees
#' x <- 1:6 %>%
#'   dist() %>%
#'   hclust() %>%
#'   as.dendrogram()
#' y <- set(x, "labels", c(1:3, 6, 4, 5))
#'
#' dend_diff(x, y)
#' dist.dendlist(dendlist(x, y))
#' distinct_edges(x, y)
#' distinct_edges(y, x)
#' length(distinct_edges(x, y)) + length(distinct_edges(y, x)) # dist.dendlist
dist.dendlist <- function(dend, method = c("edgeset"), ...) {
  if (!is.dendlist(dend)) stop("dend needs to be a dendlist object")
  method <- match.arg(method)

  n_list <- length(dend)
  the_dist <- matrix(0, n_list, n_list)
  pairwise_combn <- combn(n_list, 2)

  for (i in 1:ncol(pairwise_combn)) {
    l1 <- pairwise_combn[1, i]
    l2 <- pairwise_combn[2, i]
    the_dist[l1, l2] <- the_dist[l2, l1] <- edgeset_dist(dend[[l1]], dend[[l2]])
  }

  rownames(the_dist) <- colnames(the_dist) <- names(dend)

  as.dist(the_dist)
}

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dendextend documentation built on May 9, 2021, 1:06 a.m.