# istdx: Inverse Standarization In hydroTSM: Time Series Management and Analysis for Hydrological Modelling

 istdx R Documentation

## Inverse Standarization

### Description

This function back transforms a standarized vector/matrix `z` into their original values, i.e., re-scales all the values in the [0,1] interval to the original range of values `z = re-scale(x) = x*[ xmax - xmin ] + xmin`.

### Usage

``````istdx(x, ...)
## Default S3 method:
istdx(x, xmin, xrange, ...)
``````

### Arguments

 `x` standarized vector or matrix to be re-scaled, all the values have to be in the range [0,1] `xmin` numeric with the minimum value(s) in the original `x` -) if `x` is a vector, `xmin` has to be a real -) if `x` is a matrix/data.frame, `xmin` has to be a vector, with the minimum values for each column of the original `x`. In this case, the vector of minimums can be obtained as: `xmin <- apply(x, 2, min, na.rm=TRUE)` `xrange` numeric with the range of value(s) in the original `x` -) if `x` is a vector, `xrange` has to be a real -) if `x` is a matrix/data.frame, `xrange` has to be a vector, with the range of values for each column of the original `x`. In this case, the vector of ranges can be obtained as: `xrange <- apply(x, 2,range, na.rm=TRUE)` `xrange <- apply(xrange, 2, diff, na.rm=TRUE)` `...` further arguments passed to or from other methods

### Author(s)

Mauricio Zambrano-Bigiarini, mzb.devel@gmail

`stdx`, `scale`

### Examples

``````## Loading daily streamflows at the station Oca en Ona (Ebro River basin, Spain) ##
data(OcaEnOnaQts)
x <- OcaEnOnaQts

## Computing xmin and the range of 'x'
xmin <- min(x, na.rm=TRUE)
r <- diff(range(x, na.rm=TRUE))

## Standarized variable
s <- stdx(x)

## Inverse of the standarized variable
si <- istdx(s, xmin, xrange=r)

## 'si' and 'x' should be the same
summary(x-si)

###########
### Standarizing a subset of the stations 9 to 12 in 'EbroPPtsMonthly'

## Loading the monthly time series of precipitation within the Ebro River basin.
data(EbroPPtsMonthly)

pp <- EbroPPtsMonthly[1:70,10:13]
xmin   <- apply(pp, 2, min, na.rm=TRUE)
xrange <- apply(pp, 2, range, na.rm=TRUE)
xrange <- apply(xrange, 2, diff, na.rm=TRUE)

## Standarized variable
s <- stdx(as.matrix(pp))

## Inverse of the standarized variable
si <- istdx(s, xmin, xrange)

## 'si' and 'pp' should be the same
summary(pp - si)

``````

hydroTSM documentation built on May 29, 2024, 8:36 a.m.