tests/testthat/test-generators.R

context("generators")



test_succeeds("image data generator can be used for training", {

  num_classes <- 10
  cifar10 <- dataset_cifar10()
  X_train <- cifar10$train$x
  X_test <- cifar10$test$x
  Y_train <- to_categorical(cifar10$train$y, num_classes)
  Y_test <- to_categorical(cifar10$test$y, num_classes)

  X_train <- X_train[1:500,,,]
  X_test <- X_test[1:100,,,]
  Y_train <- Y_train[1:500,]
  Y_test <- Y_test[1:100,]

  # create model
  model <- keras_model_sequential()
  model %>%
    layer_conv_2d(filters = 32, kernel_size = c(3,3), padding = 'same',
                  input_shape = c(32, 32, 3)) %>%
    layer_activation(activation = 'relu') %>%
    layer_conv_2d(filters = 32, kernel_size = c(3,3)) %>%
    layer_activation(activation = 'relu') %>%
    layer_max_pooling_2d(pool_size = c(2,2)) %>%
    layer_flatten() %>%
    layer_dense(units = num_classes) %>%
    layer_activation(activation = 'softmax')

  # compile model
  model %>% compile(
    loss='categorical_crossentropy',
    optimizer = expect_warning(optimizer_rmsprop(lr = 0.0001, decay = 1e-6),
                               "learning_rate"),
    metrics=c('accuracy')
  )

  # create image data generator
  datagen <- image_data_generator(
    featurewise_center = TRUE,
    featurewise_std_normalization = TRUE,
    rotation_range = 20,
    width_shift_range = 0.2,
    height_shift_range = 0.2,
    horizontal_flip = TRUE
  )
  datagen %>% fit_image_data_generator(X_train)

  # train using generator
  expect_warning_if(tensorflow::tf_version() >= "2.1", {

    x <- capture_output(
      model %>%
        fit_generator(flow_images_from_data(X_train, Y_train, datagen, batch_size = 32),
                      steps_per_epoch = 32, epochs = 2, verbose = 0)
    )

    # evaluate using generator
    scores <- model %>%
      evaluate_generator(flow_images_from_data(X_test, Y_test, datagen, batch_size = 32),
                         steps = 5)

    expect_true(all(names(scores) %in% c("loss", "acc", "accuracy")))

    # predict using generator
    model %>%
      predict_generator(flow_images_from_data(X_test, Y_test, datagen, batch_size = 32),
                        steps = 5)

  })
})

test_succeeds("R function can be used as custom generator", {

  if (tensorflow::tf_version() == "2.1")
    skip("don't work in tf2.1")

  # create model
  model <- keras_model_sequential()

  # add layers and compile the model
  model %>%
    layer_dense(units = 32, activation = 'relu', input_shape = c(100)) %>%
    layer_dense(units = 1, activation = 'sigmoid') %>%
    compile(
      optimizer = 'rmsprop',
      loss = 'binary_crossentropy',
      metrics = c('accuracy')
    )

  # Generate dummy data
  X_train <- matrix(runif(1000*100), nrow = 1000, ncol = 100)
  Y_train <- matrix(round(runif(1000, min = 0, max = 1)), nrow = 1000, ncol = 1)
  X_test <- matrix(runif(200*100), nrow = 200, ncol = 100)
  Y_test <- matrix(round(runif(200, min = 0, max = 1)), nrow = 200, ncol = 1)

  # R generator that draws 32 random elements at a time from the data
  sampling_generator <- function(X_data, Y_data = NULL, batch_size = 32) {
    function() {
      gc() # should blow up R if we are ever called on a background thread
      rows <- sample(1:nrow(X_data), batch_size, replace = TRUE)
      if (!is.null(Y_data))
        list(X_data[rows,], Y_data[rows,])
      else
        list(X_data[rows,])
    }
  }

  # Train the model, iterating on the data in batches of 32 samples

  expect_warning_if(tensorflow::tf_version() >= "2.1", {
    model %>%
      fit_generator(sampling_generator(X_train, Y_train, batch_size = 32),
                    steps_per_epoch = 10, epochs = 2, verbose = 1)

    # Evaluate the model
    model %>%
      evaluate_generator(sampling_generator(X_test, Y_test, batch_size = 32),
                         steps = 10)

    # generate predictions
    model %>%
      predict_generator(sampling_generator(X_test, batch_size = 32),
                        steps = 10)
  })


})

test_succeeds("R function can be used as custom generator with multiple inputs", {

  if (tensorflow::tf_version() == "2.1")
    skip("don't work in tf2.1")

  input1 <- layer_input(shape = 1)
  input2 <- layer_input(shape = 1)

  out <- layer_add(list(input1, input2)) %>%
    layer_dense(units = 1)

  model <- keras_model(list(input1, input2), out)

  generator <- function() {
    list(list(1, 2), 3)
  }

  model %>% compile(loss = "mse", optimizer = "sgd")
  expect_warning_if(tensorflow::tf_version() > "2.1", {
    model %>% fit_generator(generator, steps_per_epoch = 10,
                            validation_data = generator, validation_steps = 2,
                            verbose = 1)
  })

})

test_succeeds("Fixed validation_data instead of generator with fit_generator", {

  if (tensorflow::tf_version() == "2.1")
    skip("don't work in tf2.1")

  input1 <- layer_input(shape = 1)
  input2 <- layer_input(shape = 1)

  out <- layer_add(list(input1, input2)) %>%
    layer_dense(units = 1)

  model <- keras_model(list(input1, input2), out)

  generator <- function() {
    list(list(1, 2), 3)
  }

  model %>% compile(loss = "mse", optimizer = "sgd")

  expect_warning_if(tensorflow::tf_version() >= "2.1", {
    model %>% fit_generator(
      generator, steps_per_epoch = 2,
      validation_data = list(list(1, 2), 3),
      verbose = 0)
  })

})

test_succeeds("Can use a custom preprocessing function in image_data_generator", {

  if (tensorflow::tf_version() == "2.1")
    skip("don't work in tf2.1")

  img_gen <- image_data_generator(preprocessing_function = function(x) x/255)

  mnist <- dataset_mnist()

  flow <- flow_images_from_data(
    array_reshape(mnist$train$x, dim = c(dim(mnist$train$x), 1)),
    to_categorical(mnist$train$y),
    img_gen
  )

  model <- keras_model_sequential() %>%
    layer_flatten(input_shape = c(28,28, 1)) %>%
    layer_dense(units = 10, activation = "softmax")

  model %>% compile(loss = "categorical_crossentropy", optimizer = "adam", metrics = "accuracy")

  # test fitting the model
  expect_warning_if(tensorflow::tf_version() >= "2.1", {
    model %>% fit_generator(flow, steps_per_epoch = 5, epochs = 1, verbose = 0)
    preds <- predict_generator(model, flow, steps = 5)
    eval <- evaluate_generator(model, flow, steps = 10)
  })

})

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keras documentation built on Aug. 21, 2021, 9:07 a.m.