TemplatesFunctions: Template Functionalities.

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Note Examples

Description

adjust_binding_regions

Adjusts the existing annotation of binding regions by specifying a new binding interval relative to the existing binding region.

assign_binding_regions

Assigns the primer target binding regions to a set of template sequences.

update_template_cvg

Annotates the template coverage.

select_regions_by_conservation

Computes Shannon entropy for the defined binding regions and determines the most conserved regions.

Usage

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
update_template_cvg(template.df, primer.df, mode.directionality = NULL)

adjust_binding_regions(template.df, region.fw, region.rev)

assign_binding_regions(
  template.df,
  fw = NULL,
  rev = NULL,
  optimize.region = FALSE,
  primer.length = 20,
  gap.char = "-"
)

select_regions_by_conservation(
  template.df,
  gap.char = "-",
  win.len = 30,
  by.group = TRUE,
  mode.directionality = c("both", "fw", "rev")
)

Arguments

template.df

An object of class Templates.

primer.df

An object of class Primers containing primers with annotated coverage that are to be used to update the template coverage in template.df.

mode.directionality

The directionality of primers/templates.

region.fw

Interval of new binding regions relative to the forward binding region defined in template.df.

region.rev

Interval of new binding regions relative to the reverse binding region defined in template.df

fw

Binding regions for forward primers. Either a numeric interval indicating a uniform binding range relative to the template 5' end or a path to a FASTA file providing binding sequences for every template. If fw is missing, only rev is considered.

rev

Binding regions for reverse primers. Either a numeric interval indicating a uniform binding range relative to the template 3' end or the path to a FASTA file providing binding sequences for every template. If rev is missing, only fw is considered.

optimize.region

If TRUE, the binding regions specified via fw and rev are adjusted such that binding regions that may form secondary structures are avoided. This feature requires ViennaRNA (see notes). If FALSE (the default), the input binding regions are not modified.

primer.length

A numeric scalar providing the probe length that is used for adjusting the primer binding regions when optimize.region is TRUE.

gap.char

The character in the input file representing gaps.

win.len

The extent of the desired primer binding region. This should be smaller than the allowed.region. The default is 30.

by.group

Shall the determination of binding regions be stratified according to the groups defined in template.df. By default, this is set to TRUE.

Details

When modifying binding regions with adjust_binding_regions, new binding intervals can be specified via fw and rev for forward and reverse primers, respectively. The new regions should be provided relative to the existing definition of binding regions in template.df. For specifying the new binding regions, position 0 refers to the first position after the end of the existing binding region. Hence, negative positions relate to regions within the existing binding region, while non-negative values relate to positions outside the defined binding region.

Binding regions are defined using assign_binding_regions, where the arguments fw and rev provide data describing the binding regions of the forward and reverse primers, respectively. To specify binding regions for each template individually, fw and rev should provide the paths to FASTA files. The headers of these FASTA file should match the headers of the loaded template.df and the sequences in the files specified by fw and rev should indicate the target binding regions.

To specify uniform binding regions, fw and rev should be numeric intervals indicating the allowed binding range for primers in the templates. Setting the forward interval to (1,30) indicates that the first 30 bases should be used for forward primers and specifying the reverse interval to (1,30) indicates that the last 30 bases should be used for reverse primer binding.

If optimize.region is TRUE, the input binding region is adjusted such that regions forming secondary structures are avoided.

Value

update_template_cvg returns an object of class Templates with updated coverage columns.

adjust_binding_regions returns a Templates object with updated binding regions.

assign_binding_regions returns an object of class Templates with newly assigned binding regions.

select_regions_by_conservation returns a Templates object with adjusted binding regions. The attribute entropies gives a data frame with positional entropies and the attribute alignments gives the alignments of the templates.

Note

assign_binding_regions requires the program ViennaRNA (https://www.tbi.univie.ac.at/RNA/) for adjusting the binding regions when optimize.region is set to TRUE.

select_regions_by_conservation requires the MAFFT software for multiple alignments (http://mafft.cbrc.jp/alignment/software/).

Examples

 1
 2
 3
 4
 5
 6
 7
 8
 9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
# Annotate the coverage of the templates
data(Ippolito)
template.df <- update_template_cvg(template.df, primer.df)
data(Ippolito)
# Extend the binding region by one position
relative.interval <- c(-max(template.df$Allowed_End_fw), 0)
template.df.adj <- adjust_binding_regions(template.df, relative.interval)
# compare old and new annotations:
head(cbind(template.df$Allowed_Start_fw, template.df$Allowed_End_fw))
head(cbind(template.df.adj$Allowed_Start_fw, template.df.adj$Allowed_End_fw))
data(Ippolito)
# Assignment of individual binding regions
l.fasta.file <- system.file("extdata", "IMGT_data", "templates", 
     "Homo_sapiens_IGH_functional_leader.fasta", package = "openPrimeR")
template.df.individual <- assign_binding_regions(template.df, l.fasta.file, NULL)
# Assign the first/last 30 bases as forward/reverse binding regions
template.df.uniform <- assign_binding_regions(template.df, c(1,30), c(1,30))
# Optimization of binding regions (requires ViennaRNA)
## Not run: template.df.opti <- assign_binding_regions(template.df, c(1,30), c(1,30),
                     optimize.region = TRUE, primer.length = 20)
## End(Not run)
data(Ippolito)
new.template.df <- select_regions_by_conservation(template.df)

matdoering/openPrimeR documentation built on April 4, 2020, 12:35 p.m.