# laplace: Laplace Regression Family Function In VGAM: Vector Generalized Linear and Additive Models

 laplace R Documentation

## Laplace Regression Family Function

### Description

Maximum likelihood estimation of the 2-parameter classical Laplace distribution.

### Usage

laplace(llocation = "identitylink", lscale = "loglink",
ilocation = NULL, iscale = NULL, imethod = 1, zero = "scale")


### Arguments

 llocation, lscale Character. Parameter link functions for location parameter a and scale parameter b. See Links for more choices. ilocation, iscale Optional initial values. If given, it must be numeric and values are recycled to the appropriate length. The default is to choose the value internally. imethod Initialization method. Either the value 1 or 2. zero See CommonVGAMffArguments for information.

### Details

The Laplace distribution is often known as the double-exponential distribution and, for modelling, has heavier tail than the normal distribution. The Laplace density function is

f(y) = \frac{1}{2b} \exp \left( - \frac{|y-a|}{b} \right) 

where -\infty<y<\infty, -\infty<a<\infty and b>0. Its mean is a and its variance is 2b^2. This parameterization is called the classical Laplace distribution by Kotz et al. (2001), and the density is symmetric about a.

For y ~ 1 (where y is the response) the maximum likelihood estimate (MLE) for the location parameter is the sample median, and the MLE for b is mean(abs(y-location)) (replace location by its MLE if unknown).

### Value

An object of class "vglmff" (see vglmff-class). The object is used by modelling functions such as vglm and vgam.

### Warning

This family function has not been fully tested. The MLE regularity conditions do not hold for this distribution, therefore misleading inferences may result, e.g., in the summary and vcov of the object. Hence this family function might be withdrawn from VGAM in the future.

### Note

This family function uses Fisher scoring. Convergence may be slow for non-intercept-only models; half-stepping is frequently required.

T. W. Yee

### References

Kotz, S., Kozubowski, T. J. and Podgorski, K. (2001). The Laplace distribution and generalizations: a revisit with applications to communications, economics, engineering, and finance, Boston: Birkhauser.

rlaplace, alaplace2 (which differs slightly from this parameterization), exponential, median.

### Examples

ldata <- data.frame(y = rlaplace(nn <- 100, 2, scale = exp(1)))
fit <- vglm(y  ~ 1, laplace, ldata, trace = TRUE)
coef(fit, matrix = TRUE)
Coef(fit)
with(ldata, median(y))

ldata <- data.frame(x = runif(nn <- 1001))
ldata <- transform(ldata, y = rlaplace(nn, 2, scale = exp(-1 + 1*x)))
coef(vglm(y ~ x, laplace(iloc = 0.2, imethod = 2, zero = 1), ldata,
trace = TRUE), matrix = TRUE)


VGAM documentation built on Sept. 19, 2023, 9:06 a.m.