poisson.points: Poisson-points-on-a-plane/volume Distances Distribution

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Warning Author(s) See Also Examples

View source: R/family.extremes.R

Description

Estimating the density parameter of the distances from a fixed point to the u-th nearest point, in a plane or volume.

Usage

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poisson.points(ostatistic, dimension = 2, link = "loglink",
               idensity = NULL, imethod = 1)

Arguments

ostatistic

Order statistic. A single positive value, usually an integer. For example, the value 5 means the response are the distances of the fifth nearest value to that point (usually over many planes or volumes). Non-integers are allowed because the value 1.5 coincides with maxwell when dimension = 2. Note: if ostatistic = 1 and dimension = 2 then this VGAM family function coincides with rayleigh.

dimension

The value 2 or 3; 2 meaning a plane and 3 meaning a volume.

link

Parameter link function applied to the (positive) density parameter, called lambda below. See Links for more choices.

idensity

Optional initial value for the parameter. A NULL value means a value is obtained internally. Use this argument if convergence failure occurs.

imethod

An integer with value 1 or 2 which specifies the initialization method for lambda. If failure to converge occurs try another value and/or else specify a value for idensity.

Details

Suppose the number of points in any region of area A of the plane is a Poisson random variable with mean lambda*A (i.e., lambda is the density of the points). Given a fixed point P, define D_1, D_2,... to be the distance to the nearest point to P, second nearest to P, etc. This VGAM family function estimates lambda since the probability density function for D_u is easily derived, u=1,2,.... Here, u corresponds to the argument ostatistic.

Similarly, suppose the number of points in any volume V is a Poisson random variable with mean lambda*V where, once again, lambda is the density of the points. This VGAM family function estimates lambda by specifying the argument ostatistic and using dimension = 3.

The mean of D_u is returned as the fitted values. Newton-Raphson is the same as Fisher-scoring.

Value

An object of class "vglmff" (see vglmff-class). The object is used by modelling functions such as vglm, rrvglm and vgam.

Warning

Convergence may be slow if the initial values are far from the solution. This often corresponds to the situation when the response values are all close to zero, i.e., there is a high density of points.

Formulae such as the means have not been fully checked.

Author(s)

T. W. Yee

See Also

poissonff, maxwell, rayleigh.

Examples

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pdata <- data.frame(y = rgamma(10, shape = exp(-1)))  # Not proper data!
ostat <- 2
fit <- vglm(y ~ 1, poisson.points(ostat, 2), data = pdata,
            trace = TRUE, crit = "coef")
fit <- vglm(y ~ 1, poisson.points(ostat, 3), data = pdata,
            trace = TRUE, crit = "coef")  # Slow convergence?
fit <- vglm(y ~ 1, poisson.points(ostat, 3, idensi = 1), data = pdata,
            trace = TRUE, crit = "coef")
head(fitted(fit))
with(pdata, mean(y))
coef(fit, matrix = TRUE)
Coef(fit)

VGAM documentation built on Jan. 16, 2021, 5:21 p.m.