DPO: The Double Poisson distribution

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Note Author(s) References See Also Examples

Description

The function DPO() defines the double Poisson distribution, a two parameters distribution, for a gamlss.family object to be used in GAMLSS fitting using the function gamlss(). The functions dDPO, pDPO, qDPO and rPO define the density, distribution function, quantile function and random generation for the double Poisson, DPO(), distribution. The function get_C() calculates numericaly the constant of proportionality needed for the pdf to sum up to 1.

Usage

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DPO(mu.link = "log", sigma.link = "log")
dDPO(x, mu = 1, sigma = 1, log = FALSE)
pDPO(q, mu = 1, sigma = 1, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE)
qDPO(p, mu = 1, sigma = 1, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE, 
     max.value = 10000)
rDPO(n, mu = 1, sigma = 1, max.value = 10000)
get_C(x, mu, sigma)

Arguments

mu.link

the link function for mu with default log

sigma.link

the link function for sigma with default log

x, q

vector of (non-negative integer) quantiles

p

vector of probabilities

mu

the mu parameter

sigma

the sigma parameter

lower.tail

logical; if TRUE (default), probabilities are P[X <= x], otherwise, P[X > x]

log, log.p

logical; if TRUE, probabilities p are given as log(p)

max.value

a constant, set to the default value of 10000 for how far the algorithm should look for q

n

how many random values to generate

Details

The definition for the Double Poisson distribution first introduced by Efron (1986) is:

f(y|mu,sigma)=(1/sigma)^{1/2} [(e^{-y} y^y)/y!] [(e mu)/y]^{y/sigma} C

for y=0,1,2, ...,Inf, μ>0 and σ>0 where C is the constant of proportinality which is calculated numerically using the function get_C.

Value

The function DPO returns a gamlss.family object which can be used to fit a double Poisson distribution in the gamlss() function.

Note

The distributons calculates the constant of proportionality numerically therefore it can be slow for large data

Author(s)

Mikis Stasinopoulos, Bob Rigby and Marco Enea

References

Efron, B., 1986. Double exponential families and their use in generalized linear Regression. Journal of the American Statistical Association 81 (395), 709-721.

Rigby, R. A. and Stasinopoulos D. M. (2005). Generalized additive models for location, scale and shape,(with discussion), Appl. Statist., 54, part 3, pp 507-554.

Rigby, R. A., Stasinopoulos, D. M., Heller, G. Z., and De Bastiani, F. (2019) Distributions for modeling location, scale, and shape: Using GAMLSS in R, Chapman and Hall/CRC, doi: 10.1201/9780429298547. An older version can be found in https://www.gamlss.com/.

Stasinopoulos D. M. Rigby R.A. (2007) Generalized additive models for location scale and shape (GAMLSS) in R. Journal of Statistical Software, Vol. 23, Issue 7, Dec 2007, doi: 10.18637/jss.v023.i07.

Stasinopoulos D. M., Rigby R.A., Heller G., Voudouris V., and De Bastiani F., (2017) Flexible Regression and Smoothing: Using GAMLSS in R, Chapman and Hall/CRC. doi: 10.1201/b21973

(see also https://www.gamlss.com/).

See Also

PO

Examples

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DPO()
# overdisperse DPO
x <- 0:20
plot(x, dDPO(x, mu=5, sigma=3), type="h", col="red")
# underdisperse DPO
plot(x, dDPO(x, mu=5, sigma=.3), type="h", col="red")
# generate random sample
 Y <- rDPO(100,5,.5)
plot(table(Y))
points(0:20, 100*dDPO(0:20, mu=5, sigma=.5)+0.2,  col="red")
# fit a model to the data 
# library(gamlss)
# gamlss(Y~1,family=DPO)

Example output

Loading required package: MASS

GAMLSS Family: DPO Double Poisson 
Link function for mu   : log 
Link function for sigma: log 

gamlss.dist documentation built on Nov. 13, 2021, 5:07 p.m.