NBI: Negative Binomial type I distribution for fitting a GAMLSS

Description Usage Arguments Details Value Warning Note Author(s) References See Also Examples

Description

The NBI() function defines the Negative Binomial type I distribution, a two parameter distribution, for a gamlss.family object to be used in GAMLSS fitting using the function gamlss(). The functions dNBI, pNBI, qNBI and rNBI define the density, distribution function, quantile function and random generation for the Negative Binomial type I, NBI(), distribution.

Usage

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NBI(mu.link = "log", sigma.link = "log")
dNBI(x, mu = 1, sigma = 1, log = FALSE)
pNBI(q, mu = 1, sigma = 1, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE)
qNBI(p, mu = 1, sigma = 1, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE)
rNBI(n, mu = 1, sigma = 1)

Arguments

mu.link

Defines the mu.link, with "log" link as the default for the mu parameter

sigma.link

Defines the sigma.link, with "log" link as the default for the sigma parameter

x

vector of (non-negative integer) quantiles

mu

vector of positive means

sigma

vector of positive despersion parameter

p

vector of probabilities

q

vector of quantiles

n

number of random values to return

log, log.p

logical; if TRUE, probabilities p are given as log(p)

lower.tail

logical; if TRUE (default), probabilities are P[X <= x], otherwise, P[X > x]

Details

Definition file for Negative Binomial type I distribution.

P(Y=y|μ, σ)= Γ(y+1/σ)/Γ(1/σ) Γ(y+1) ((σ μ)/ (1+σ μ))^y(1/(1+σ μ))^{1/σ}

for y=0,1,2, ...,Inf, μ>0 and σ>0. This parameterization is equivalent to that used by Anscombe (1950) except he used alpha=1/sigma instead of sigma.

Value

returns a gamlss.family object which can be used to fit a Negative Binomial type I distribution in the gamlss() function.

Warning

For values of sigma<0.0001 the d,p,q,r functions switch to the Poisson distribution

Note

mu is the mean and (mu+sigma*mu^2)^0.5 is the standard deviation of the Negative Binomial type I distribution (so sigma is the dispersion parameter in the usual GLM for the negative binomial type I distribution)

Author(s)

Mikis Stasinopoulos, Bob Rigby and Calliope Akantziliotou

References

Anscombe, F. J. (1950) Sampling theory of the negative bimomial and logarithmic distributiona, Biometrika, 37, 358-382.

Rigby, R. A. and Stasinopoulos D. M. (2005). Generalized additive models for location, scale and shape,(with discussion), Appl. Statist., 54, part 3, pp 507-554.

Rigby, R. A., Stasinopoulos, D. M., Heller, G. Z., and De Bastiani, F. (2019) Distributions for modeling location, scale, and shape: Using GAMLSS in R, Chapman and Hall/CRC. An older version can be found in http://www.gamlss.com/.

Stasinopoulos D. M. Rigby R.A. (2007) Generalized additive models for location scale and shape (GAMLSS) in R. Journal of Statistical Software, Vol. 23, Issue 7, Dec 2007, http://www.jstatsoft.org/v23/i07.

Stasinopoulos D. M., Rigby R.A., Heller G., Voudouris V., and De Bastiani F., (2017) Flexible Regression and Smoothing: Using GAMLSS in R, Chapman and Hall/CRC.

See Also

gamlss.family, NBII, PIG, SI

Examples

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NBI()   # gives information about the default links for the Negative Binomial type I distribution  
# plotting the distribution
plot(function(y) dNBI(y, mu = 10, sigma = 0.5 ), from=0, to=40, n=40+1, type="h")
# creating random variables and plot them 
tN <- table(Ni <- rNBI(1000, mu=5, sigma=0.5))
r <- barplot(tN, col='lightblue')
# library(gamlss)
# data(aids)
# h<-gamlss(y~cs(x,df=7)+qrt, family=NBI, data=aids) # fits the model 
# plot(h)
# pdf.plot(family=NBI, mu=10, sigma=0.5, min=0, max=40, step=1)

Example output

Loading required package: MASS

GAMLSS Family: NBI Negative Binomial type I 
Link function for mu   : log 
Link function for sigma: log 

gamlss.dist documentation built on July 13, 2020, 5:08 p.m.