# calc_ig: Calculate IG for single feature In biogram: N-Gram Analysis of Biological Sequences

## Description

Computes information gain of single feature and target vector.

## Usage

 1 calc_ig(feature, target, len_target, pos_target) 

## Arguments

 feature feature vector. target target. len_target length of the target vector. pos_target number of positive cases in the target vector.

## Details

The information gain term is used here (improperly) as a synonym of mutual information. It is defined as:

IG(X; Y) = ∑_{y \in Y} ∑_{x \in X} p(x, y) \log ≤ft(\frac{p(x, y)}{p(x) p(y)} \right)

In biogram package information gain is computed using following relationship: IG = E(S) - E(S|F)

## Value

A numeric vector of length 1 representing information gain in nats.

## Note

During calculations 0 \log 0 = 0. For a justification see References.

The function was designed to be afast subroutine of calc_criterion and might be cumbersome if directly called by a user.

## References

Cover TM, Thomas JA Elements of Information Theory, 2nd Edition Wiley, 2006.

## Examples

 1 2 3 tar <- sample(0L:1, 100, replace = TRUE) feat <- sample(0L:1, 100, replace = TRUE) calc_ig(feat, tar, 100, sum(tar)) 

biogram documentation built on March 31, 2020, 5:14 p.m.