# NO: Normal distribution for fitting a GAMLSS In gamlss.dist: Distributions for Generalized Additive Models for Location Scale and Shape

 NO R Documentation

## Normal distribution for fitting a GAMLSS

### Description

The function NO() defines the normal distribution, a two parameter distribution, for a gamlss.family object to be used in GAMLSS fitting using the function gamlss(), with mean equal to the parameter mu and sigma equal the standard deviation. The functions dNO, pNO, qNO and rNO define the density, distribution function, quantile function and random generation for the NO parameterization of the normal distribution. [A alternative parameterization with sigma equal to the variance is given in the function NO2()]

### Usage

NO(mu.link = "identity", sigma.link = "log")
dNO(x, mu = 0, sigma = 1, log = FALSE)
pNO(q, mu = 0, sigma = 1, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE)
qNO(p, mu = 0, sigma = 1, lower.tail = TRUE, log.p = FALSE)
rNO(n, mu = 0, sigma = 1)


### Arguments

 mu.link Defines the mu.link, with "identity" link as the default for the mu parameter sigma.link Defines the sigma.link, with "log" link as the default for the sigma parameter x,q vector of quantiles mu vector of location parameter values sigma vector of scale parameter values log, log.p logical; if TRUE, probabilities p are given as log(p). lower.tail logical; if TRUE (default), probabilities are P[X <= x], otherwise, P[X > x] p vector of probabilities. n number of observations. If length(n) > 1, the length is taken to be the number required

### Details

The parametrization of the normal distribution given in the function NO() is

f(y|\mu,\sigma)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2 \pi }\sigma}\exp \left[-\frac{1}{2}(\frac{y-\mu}{\sigma})^2\right]

for y=(-\infty,\infty), \mu=(-\infty,+\infty) and \sigma>0 see pp. 369-370 of Rigby et al. (2019).

### Value

returns a gamlss.family object which can be used to fit a normal distribution in the gamlss() function.

### Note

For the function NO(), \mu is the mean and \sigma is the standard deviation (not the variance) of the normal distribution.

### Author(s)

Mikis Stasinopoulos, Bob Rigby and Calliope Akantziliotou

### References

Rigby, R. A. and Stasinopoulos D. M. (2005). Generalized additive models for location, scale and shape,(with discussion), Appl. Statist., 54, part 3, pp 507-554.

Rigby, R. A., Stasinopoulos, D. M., Heller, G. Z., and De Bastiani, F. (2019) Distributions for modeling location, scale, and shape: Using GAMLSS in R, Chapman and Hall/CRC, \Sexpr[results=rd]{tools:::Rd_expr_doi("10.1201/9780429298547")}. An older version can be found in https://www.gamlss.com/.

Stasinopoulos D. M. Rigby R.A. (2007) Generalized additive models for location scale and shape (GAMLSS) in R. Journal of Statistical Software, Vol. 23, Issue 7, Dec 2007, \Sexpr[results=rd]{tools:::Rd_expr_doi("10.18637/jss.v023.i07")}.

Stasinopoulos D. M., Rigby R.A., Heller G., Voudouris V., and De Bastiani F., (2017) Flexible Regression and Smoothing: Using GAMLSS in R, Chapman and Hall/CRC. \Sexpr[results=rd]{tools:::Rd_expr_doi("10.1201/b21973")}

(see also https://www.gamlss.com/).

### See Also

gamlss.family, NO2

### Examples

NO()# gives information about the default links for the normal distribution
plot(function(y) dNO(y, mu=10 ,sigma=2), 0, 20)
plot(function(y) pNO(y, mu=10 ,sigma=2), 0, 20)
plot(function(y) qNO(y, mu=10 ,sigma=2), 0, 1)
dat<-rNO(100)
hist(dat)
# library(gamlss)
# gamlss(dat~1,family=NO) # fits a constant for mu and sigma


gamlss.dist documentation built on Aug. 24, 2023, 1:06 a.m.