SSlogis: Self-Starting Nls Logistic Model

Description Usage Arguments Value Author(s) See Also Examples

Description

This selfStart model evaluates the logistic function and its gradient. It has an initial attribute that creates initial estimates of the parameters Asym, xmid, and scal. In R 3.4.2 and earlier, that init function failed when min(input) was exactly zero.

Usage

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SSlogis(input, Asym, xmid, scal)

Arguments

input

a numeric vector of values at which to evaluate the model.

Asym

a numeric parameter representing the asymptote.

xmid

a numeric parameter representing the x value at the inflection point of the curve. The value of SSlogis will be Asym/2 at xmid.

scal

a numeric scale parameter on the input axis.

Value

a numeric vector of the same length as input. It is the value of the expression Asym/(1+exp((xmid-input)/scal)). If all of the arguments Asym, xmid, and scal are names of objects the gradient matrix with respect to these names is attached as an attribute named gradient.

Author(s)

José Pinheiro and Douglas Bates

See Also

nls, selfStart

Examples

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Chick.1 <- ChickWeight[ChickWeight$Chick == 1, ]
SSlogis(Chick.1$Time, 368, 14, 6)  # response only
local({
  Asym <- 368; xmid <- 14; scal <- 6
  SSlogis(Chick.1$Time, Asym, xmid, scal) # response _and_ gradient
})
getInitial(weight ~ SSlogis(Time, Asym, xmid, scal), data = Chick.1)
## Initial values are in fact the converged one here, "Number of iter...: 0" :
fm1 <- nls(weight ~ SSlogis(Time, Asym, xmid, scal), data = Chick.1)
summary(fm1)
## but are slightly improved here:
fm2 <- update(fm1, control=nls.control(tol = 1e-9, warnOnly=TRUE), trace = TRUE)
all.equal(coef(fm1), coef(fm2)) # "Mean relative difference: 9.6e-6"
str(fm2$convInfo) # 3 iterations


dwlg1 <- data.frame(Prop = c(rep(0,5), 2, 5, rep(9, 9)), end = 1:16)
iPar <- getInitial(Prop ~ SSlogis(end, Asym, xmid, scal), data = dwlg1)
## failed in R <= 3.4.2 (because of the '0's in 'Prop')
stopifnot(all.equal(tol = 1e-6,
   iPar, c(Asym = 9.0678, xmid = 6.79331, scal = 0.499934)))

## Visualize the SSlogis()  model  parametrization :
  xx <- seq(-0.75, 5, by=1/32)
  yy <- 5 / (1 + exp((2-xx)/0.6)) # == SSlogis(xx, *):
  stopifnot( all.equal(yy, SSlogis(xx, Asym = 5, xmid = 2, scal = 0.6)) )
  require(graphics)
  op <- par(mar = c(0.5, 0, 3.5, 0))
  plot(xx, yy, type = "l", axes = FALSE, ylim = c(0,6), xlim = c(-1, 5),
       xlab = "", ylab = "", lwd = 2,
       main = "Parameters in the SSlogis model")
  mtext(quote(list(phi[1] == "Asym", phi[2] == "xmid", phi[3] == "scal")))
  usr <- par("usr")
  arrows(usr[1], 0, usr[2], 0, length = 0.1, angle = 25)
  arrows(0, usr[3], 0, usr[4], length = 0.1, angle = 25)
  text(usr[2] - 0.2, 0.1, "x", adj = c(1, 0))
  text(     -0.1, usr[4], "y", adj = c(1, 1))
  abline(h = 5, lty = 3)
  arrows(-0.8, c(2.1, 2.9),
         -0.8, c(0,   5  ), length = 0.1, angle = 25)
  text  (-0.8, 2.5, quote(phi[1]))
  segments(c(2,2.6,2.6), c(0,  2.5,3.5),   # NB.  SSlogis(x = xmid = 2) = 2.5
           c(2,2.6,2  ), c(2.5,3.5,2.5), lty = 2, lwd = 0.75)
  text(2, -.1, quote(phi[2]))
  arrows(c(2.2, 2.4), 2.5,
         c(2.0, 2.6), 2.5, length = 0.08, angle = 25)
  text(      2.3,     2.5, quote(phi[3])); text(2.7, 3, "1")
  par(op)