predict.loess: Predict Loess Curve or Surface

predict.loessR Documentation

Predict Loess Curve or Surface


Predictions from a loess fit, optionally with standard errors.


## S3 method for class 'loess'
predict(object, newdata = NULL, se = FALSE,
        na.action = na.pass, ...)



an object fitted by loess.


an optional data frame in which to look for variables with which to predict, or a matrix or vector containing exactly the variables needs for prediction. If missing, the original data points are used.


should standard errors be computed?


function determining what should be done with missing values in data frame newdata. The default is to predict NA.


arguments passed to or from other methods.


The standard errors calculation se = TRUE is slower than prediction, notably as it needs a relatively large workspace (memory), notably matrices of dimension N * Nf where f = span, i.e., se = TRUE is O(N^2) and hence stops when the sample size N is larger than about 40'600 (for default span = 0.75).

When the fit was made using surface = "interpolate" (the default), predict.loess will not extrapolate – so points outside an axis-aligned hypercube enclosing the original data will have missing (NA) predictions and standard errors.


If se = FALSE, a vector giving the prediction for each row of newdata (or the original data). If se = TRUE, a list containing components


the predicted values.


an estimated standard error for each predicted value.


the estimated scale of the residuals used in computing the standard errors.


an estimate of the effective degrees of freedom used in estimating the residual scale, intended for use with t-based confidence intervals.

If newdata was the result of a call to expand.grid, the predictions (and s.e.'s if requested) will be an array of the appropriate dimensions.

Predictions from infinite inputs will be NA since loess does not support extrapolation.


Variables are first looked for in newdata and then searched for in the usual way (which will include the environment of the formula used in the fit). A warning will be given if the variables found are not of the same length as those in newdata if it was supplied.


B. D. Ripley, based on the cloess package of Cleveland, Grosse and Shyu.

See Also



cars.lo <- loess(dist ~ speed, cars)
predict(cars.lo, data.frame(speed = seq(5, 30, 1)), se = TRUE)
# to get extrapolation
cars.lo2 <- loess(dist ~ speed, cars,
  control = loess.control(surface = "direct"))
predict(cars.lo2, data.frame(speed = seq(5, 30, 1)), se = TRUE)